ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY
3 1833 01742 8928
A QUARTERLY MAGAZINE
OF THE HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY OF
THE UPPER PARISH
OF KITTERY NOW ELIOT.
J. L. M. WILLIS, M. D., Editor.
Augustine Caldwell, Printer.
Digitized by the Internet Archive
Page 41, line 3, read Mary F.
60, January 8, read Shorey.
6o, June 5, read Daniel R. Sally J.
60, No\ T 'r 23, read Sophers.
62, line 6, read Alice Spinney.
62, December 23, read Paulina.
63, June 15, read Olive Raitt.
64, Nov'r 20, read Abram C.
65, March 15. read Corke.
65, Oct'r 30, read James S.
66, December iT, t read James K. Paul-
67, Nov'r 24, read Wilkerson.
68, January 13, read Daniel.
70, February 26, read Junkins.
71, September 24, read Freeman.
73, November 25. read Mary 2.
74, April 24, read Mrs. Pisidia Leach.
74, October 18, read 1843.
74, Ooctober 23, read Manson.
77, August 3, read Morris.
79, November 20, read Kenniston.
79, December 4, read Kinnin.
80, May 5, read Keinear.
81, October 14, read Eliza.
84, May iS, read Annie.
87, Augusc 13, read Cutts.
88, May 6, read Francis.
88, September 29, read Alpheus H.
92, September 29, read Downing.
95, April 24. read Charles C.
75, Sept. 6, read Merrow.
96, September 15, read Herman.
98, August 15, read Cole.
9S, September 14, read Urch,
123, line 1, read: Fort.
J35, line 18, read Adrian.
139, line 21, read Cedars.
140, lint 3, read George Rogers, in place of
143, line 10, read Long Reach.
149, line 12, read Mast.
164, line 7, read New Castle.
jSi, 10 (up) read Cammock.
216, August 6, read George Spinney.
Dr. J. L. M. WILLIS, Editor.
VOL. IX. ELIOT, MAINE,— January-March, 1909. NO. I.
The annual reunion of the Piscataqua Pioneers was
held on Tuesday, August 25, 1908 ; several addresses of
interest and value were given, that will revive names of
long ago days; and add to the biography and history
of ancient people and localities.
The origin of the Society is given by O. P. Rernick ;
and commends itself to all who grasp and preserve the
traditions and memories of the yesterdays :
Origen of the Society. Oliver P. Remicx.
A Society for preserving the names and the deeds of
the early settlers of the Piscataqua valley, to find and
bring out papers, letters and maps of the region, and to
interest their descendants, wherever they may live, in
Qualifications : applicant to be elected by a vote of the
members, and to be a lineal descendant in a male or
female line of a pioneer or other settler in the Piscataqua
valley before July, 1776.
The first meeting was held at Concord, N. H., 15 June,
1905 ; and the Society was incorporated by Thomas N.
Jackson, Brooklyn, N. Y.. John M. Moses, Strafford,
N. H., Albert H. Lamson, Elkins, N. H., Henry W.
Fernald, Boston, Mass., Moses A. Safford, Kittery, Maine.
— All were elected Directors.
"The following were elected Officers, to serve until the
regular meetings :
President, Hon. Moses A. Safford, Kittery, Maine.
Treasurer, Henry \V. Fernald, Boston, Mass.
Secretary, Albert i„. Lamson, Elkins, N. H.
2. - PISCATAOUA PIONEERS.
The first annual meeting was held at Portsmouth, N. H
on the 22d of August, 1905 ; when bylaws were adopted,
and the foregoing Officers and Directors were elected to
serve for one year.
The second annual meeting was held at Portsmouth.
N.H., on the 31st August, 1906, and officers electei as
President, Henry W. Hardon, New York City.
Vice Presidents, John M. Moses, Horace Mitch.dl
Alexander Dennett, Oliver L. Frisbee,
A. A. Folsom, J. L. M. Willis, M. D.
Alice J. Moore, Florence A- Crane.
Treasurer, Alexander Dennett.
Secretary and Curator, Albert H. Lamson :
and the same Directors were all re-elected, for the year.
The third annual meeting was held on the 20th August,
1907, at Portsmouth, N. H.; and an interesting paper 0:1
Locations in Portsmouth, was read by John M Moses of
Strafford, N. H. The following were elected officers for
the year 1907-8 : —
President, Lieut. Oliver P. Remick, U. S. R. C. S.
retired, Kittery, Maine ;
Vice Presidents, Messrs Moses, Mitchell, Dennett,
Frisbie, Willis, and Mrs. Moore and
Crane, re-elected, and also Samuel L.
Hamilton, Denison R. Slade, John
Scales and Miss Theodora Chase.
The Treasurer, Secretary, Curator and Board of Direc-
tors were all re-elected, and a Committee was chosen to
arrange for a field day at the next annual meeting, as
follows: The President, O. P. Remick, and Messrs
Safford, Dennett, Mitchell and Scales.
The fourth annual meeting was held on the 25th of
August, 190S ; the first session at Portsmouth, and im-
mediately adjourning to the Charnpernowne Hotel, at
Kittery Point, where the meeting was called to order by
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. 3.
the President, Oliver P, Reinick, who delivered the
opening Address : —
The President's Address. Oliver P. Remick.
Members of the Piscataqua Pioneers, and Ladies and
Gentlemen ; I welcome all of you to old Kittery, and
hope we shall have a pleasant and profitable day.
We have come together for our annual meeting
and field-day, on the bank of this beautiful river, where
our ancestors first settled over two hundred and eighty-
five years ago ; cleared and planted cue land, — although
the first business that engaged their attention appears to
have been that of fishing. What a change from that day
to the present !
Very near to this Hotel, [ChampernowneJ is where the
first house was built in the present town of Kittery, about
1630, by Alexander Shapleigh, who has many descend-
ants living today in the valley of the Piscataqua.
The first houses erected in the Piscataqua valley, were
very near the water. For this reason all communication
between the settlers was carried on by water for the first
fifty years ; then roads, or rough paths, were constructed
through the woods; and as they became smoother and
better, houses were built near them, and the creeks
It is well that we should honor the memories of the
early settlers of the Piscataqua, who were mostly emi-
grants from England. They and theii descendants helped
greatly to make this country what it is today, — the strong-
est and the most powerful Nation in the World.
How man) stirring scenes have taken place on this
old river, since the first settlement, when the Indian in
his canoe was the only occupant ; then the great fleet of
the Pepperels, employed in fishing and commerce to all
parts of the world.
Up to fifty years ago a great many of the inhabitants
were employed in building ships and manning them for
their various voyages. And one hundred years ago
4. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS.
ships were on the stock in every town on the river from
Kittery to Exeter. .The Falkland, the first 74 gun-ship
built in America, was launched on this river in 1690, for
the British Navy.
The first settlers along the Piscataqua River, were very
liberal and tolerant toward their neighbors and others,
including the Indians.
They appeared to belong to the Episcopal Church,
mostly, as did Mason and Gorges , but soon after 1652,
When Maine became a permanent part of Massachusetts,
and many puritans from Boston and Salem had settled in
the -towns, and the Congregational religion had been
established as the State Religion, persecutions on other
forms of religions, and troubles with the Indians, com-
menced and continued many years.
But even this did not satisfy the Massachusetts Gov-
ernment ; and Town Officers were removed from office,
and Deputies were refused their seats in the Legislature
from this section, for the reason that they did not pros-
ecute the Quakers and Indians.
s Among those whom the Massachusetts authorities
thought were too lenient, and friendly with the Quakers,
•was Major Nicholas Shapleigh, sou oi the before men-
tioned Alexander. He was removed from office several
times by Massachusetts ; imprisoned and fined ^200 in
1674. But he was a very able and conscientious man, and
probably did as much, or more than any other man to
advance the Piscataqua River settlements.
He was a Councillor of the Province several years :
County Treasurer ; Selectman of Kittery many years ;
Deputy to- General Court ; Commander of the Maine
Militia. He was killed at the launching of a vessel at
Kittery Foreside, 29th of April, 16S2.
Thomas Withers; was one of the first settlers of this
region. He was sent over by Capt. John Mason, and
located in this town of Kittery, where the Ferry to Potts-
mouth is now ; having been granted about 1200 acres by
Gorges, in the town. He was an able man, and prominent
PISCATA£UA PIONEERS. 5.
in the affairs of the town ; was a Selectman, Commissioner
in 1644, Deputy to the General Court in 1656.
He died in 1685 ; he has many descendants.
Ambrose Gibbons was Steward of Mason's Colony. He
first settled in Berwick, then on Sagamore Creek; but
soon after moved to Durham, and later to Dover, where
he ever alter lived. He was an honest, capable man, and
knew better than Mason the needs of the settlements.—
He held many offices, and was Governor of the Piscata-
qua settlement. He has many descendants, among whom
is your President.
Time will not allow us to notice others of the first
settlers ; but Renald fertiald, the First Surgeon of the
Piscataqua Settlement should be mentioned : —
He came over with Mason's company, and located in
Portsmouth. He was one of the principal men of Ports-
mouth ; and he and his four sons were granted large areas
of lands, in what is now Kittery, Eliot, Portsmouth and
New Castle, including the Navy Yard Islands ; and he
probably has more descendants who are living in the
Piscataqua valley today, than all the rest of Mason's
company. Many of our members are descendants from
him, — including the Speaker.
The early settlers of this region were very patriotic ;
and backed up their opinions and conclusions with both
men and money. In the first settlements there was not
much trouble with the Indians, until King Philips war,
1675, * n which the Piscataqua settlement suffered.
In King William's war, — 1688 to 1699, — all the river
towns were scenes of bloodshed and fire, from the French
and Indians ; and the people had all they could do to
defend their own homes. They furnished, how r ever, some
men for Phipps' expedition, and during Queen Anne's
war, — 1702 to 1713, — the Piscataqua settlement furnished
many men. Also during the Indian War in Maine, 1722
In King George's war, 1744 to 1748, — with the French,
6. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS.
the Piscataqua men came to the front, and in the expedi-
tion to capture Louisburg, C. B., under Gen. Pepperell, a
native and resident ofthis town. The towns along the
river furnished eight hundred men; many of whom were
In the last French War, — 1754 to 1763, that destroyed
French power on this continent, — the men of this region
were in all the battles from New York State to Nova
Scotia, including the capture of Quebec.
The people of this valley were very active in their
opposition to the Stamp and other Acts, leading up to the
Revolution from the Mother Country ; and one of the first
hostile acts was committed in the capture of Fort William
and Mary at New Castle, in December. 1774. Portsmouth
and Kittery were then the largest towns in population on
the river, each having between 3000 and 4000 inhabitants.
Kittery alone -furnished over seven ku?idred men and
Portsmouth probably as many.
You all know of the Ranger^ under Capt- Paul Jones ;
and of her capture of the British man-of-war, Drake, near
Ireland, in 1778. Few of you know, probably, that nearly
all her officers and crew were from the Piscataqua valley.
Lieut. Samuel Wallingford, the only officer killed on her
in the battle, was a resident of So me rs worth*, and his
ancestors were pioneers of the valley. Capt. Jones said of
her crew of about one hundred and fifty men, that it was
the best he was with in the Navy during the war.
It is also not generally known, that over eighty men
from the Piscataqua valley were on the Bon Homme
Richard, when Capt. Paul Jones captured the Serapis, in
1779. They filled nearly all the positions on board, from
Master to Gunner's Mates ; and helped in no small way to
win that great victory. Shot from the Serapis came their
way, and about one-half their number were killed or
In the army the Piscataqua men were in every battle
from Bunker Hill to Yorktown ; and they did their duty
well. Among them were Major General John Sullivan,
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. 7.
a native of Berwick, and General William Whipple,
a native of Kittery, — also Governor John Langdon,
of Portsmouth, (whose patriotic speech to the New
Hampshire Legislature, about raising money to carry on
the war, deserves a place with Lincoln's address at
Gettysburg,) to the youngest drummer-boy.
In the War of 18 12, the men from this valley were again
on deck ; and I well remember when a boy, an old Gun-
ner, who lived near me, who had lost a leg on the old
Constitution, when she captured the British frigate Gurriere.
During the four long years of Civil War of 1S61-1865,
the Piscataqua men helped to preserve the Union their
ancestors had helped to form. They were in every battle
of that war, on land and sea, from Bull Run to Appomatox
— and in nearly every battle some lives were sacrificed for
the cause of Liberty.
Up to the time of that war, this had been the so-called
" Land of Liberty ;" and the-monarcha of the old world
had Hughed at us in derision, for calling it a Land of
Liberty with Four Millions of Slaves ! But, as a result of
that war. Slavery was destroyed, and this country became
a Land of Liberty in fact as well as in name.
Over one half of the crew of the Kearsarge, when she
sunk the Alabama, in 1864, were from this valley. They
were also with Farragut at New Orleans and Mobile Bay.
Time will not allow me to say more about our ancestors
of this region. Suffice it to say that the Piscataqua men
and women have always been in the front for making this
country larger and better.
After business was disposed of, the following officers
were elected for the year, 1908-9 : —
President, Dr. J. L. M. Willis, of Eliot, Maine;
Vice Presidents, Messrs Moses, Mitchell, Dennett,
Hamilton, Slade; Scales.
Mrs. Moore, Mrs. Crane, and
Miss Chase re-elected, also
O. P. Remick, Oliver R Grant. .
S r FliCATAQFA- PIONEERS, i
The Treasurer, Secretary, Curator and Board of Direc-
tors, — were all re-elected.
The following Committee were elected to make arrange-
ments for the next meeting, — Messrs Eamson, Dennett,
Safford, Seales and Mrs. Moore.
Mr. John M. Moses then read a paper about the Early
Settlers of Portsmouth:
TLxd srssimg J^BoplB jof (Earlg ^orfemouflj.
J. M. MOSES.
Thomas Walford was one of them. With his wife Jane,
he came to Wiscassett, Maine, in September. 1623, with
the Robert Gorges expedition. He soon removed to
Charlestown, Mass., where the Puritans found him in
1630, and expelled him for his Episcopalian tenets.
He then removed to Portsmouth, where John Mason was
collecting people with a preference for Episcopalians, and
became a leading citizen. In 1640, he and Henry Sherburne
were the wardens of the-First Episcopalian Church.
He located at Sagamore Creek, where he had a farm of
some two hundred acres, extending all around the head of
the Creek, called Walford's Plantation. There was for-
merly a landing at the junction of the brooks that form the
Creek, later called Westbrook's landing. Stackpole and
others have given the main facts about him ; and the pur-
pose of this mention of him is to correct a few errors and
state a few facts not known to be in print elsewhere.
He died in 1666 or 1667. His wife, Jane, survived him,
but died before Sept. 7, 1681, pretty certainly without
having remarried. There is a deed on record that seems
to show that she married second a Goss or Givs ; but it has
become plain that an error must have been made iu writing
or copying that deed. .
For discussion of this matter see a note in Boston Tran-
script, Sept. 30, 1907, which, although making a few slips
in matters of facts, reaches right conclusions. Compare
this with N. H. State Papers, Vol. 31, page 92, and with
the will of Thomas Peverly in that volume.
PISCATAOUA PIONEERS. 9.
THomas Peverly married Thomas Walford's eldest
daughter, Jane. They lived just below, on the south side
of the Creek, their house standing near a bend on the
Creek where it approached the upland. Thomas Peverly
died about 1670, leaving five sons and three daughters. —
The daughter Sarah was not mentioned in the will as
copied in the Probate Records, but appears in the new
printed copy made from the original. She married (1)
Michael Hicks; and (2) Savage. The widow,
Jane Peverly, married (2) Goss. »
The Walford name came to an end with the third
generation ; though a name, — Woolford, — appeared a little
later in Greenland : Jeremiah the only son of Thomas,
died before his father, leaving sons Thomas and Jeremiah;
and daughters, Mary and Martha. Of the sons, Thomas
died unmarried before 1682 ; and Jeremiah, without issue,
about 1733. Daughter Mary married Joseph Mazeet ;
daughter Martha married Moore.
Richard Leader must have been another interesting
man, though we know but little about him. He was a
leader in fact as well as name ; a captain of industry in his
time and place.
He had been employed about mines in Ireland ; had
been at the head of the Iron Works at Lynn; then came
to Berwick and set up Sawmills that so impressed the
people that they called the place Great Works, — a name
which was used in the Town Records, and is still used on
the Government Map. He was agent for John Beex & Co.
of London. Plainly he was a doer of great works in
He was also a man of iufluence, with aristocratic con-
nections, a house in Portsmouth, — being a brother-in-law
of Richard Cutt.
As for his descendants, the name seems to have ended
with him and his brother George. The new volume of
X. H. Probate Records, (State Papers 31,) makes it very
probable that he left only two children : Elizabeth, who
IO. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS.
married John Hole of Kittery, and was killed by the
Indians, May 4, 1705, and Anne, who married Samuel
Clark of Portsmouth, and had at least four children ; three
of whom were living May 11, 1722. These were,—
Margaret, who had married successively, John Jackson.
Philip White, and Roger Swain, and had children by
each marriage ;
Bridget, who married Joseph Miller, mariner, and had
children, one, a daughter, Margaret, who married
Thomas Noble ; and —
Sarah Clark, unmarried-
Thomas and Margaret Noble had a son, Leader, bap-
tized Oct. 5, 1735.
Joseph and Anne Nelson, of Sagamore Creek, had a
son, Leader, born Aug. 30, 1754; and he had a son, —
Richard Leader Nelson.
Probably they were descendants ot Richard Leader ;
though the connection has not been proved.
Another man, little known, but evidently a hustler in
his day, was Matthew Nelson, (1658- 17 13.) who started
as an apprentice to a tanner, or possibly a redemptioner in
bound service ; and died the owner of the great Walford
Plantation, at. Sagamore Creek, with a " Manor House,"
that is referred to in a deed.
There is preserved in his own hand writing, a petition
that he sent to the Court of Associates, as early as 1678 —
He had been accused of stealing hides fiom his employer ;
and as the latter failed to come forwaid with evidence, he
prayed to be discharged.
The extremely bad spelling of this paper, shows his
lack of education ; its substance, the force of his mind.
I have not seen the Court record that should tell how
the case was disposed of ; but it is certain that nothing
occurred that prevented his rapid rise to prosperity.
His trials, however, were hot ended. Domestic ones
were in store for him. In 1684, he and his wife Jane,
were put under bonds to appear at Court, because Jane
was alleged to have threatened Anne Clarke, and to have
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. II.
sl.indered Francis Mercer. I have not read the outcome
of these cases.
In 1690 he had wife, Agnes ; probably Agnes Rackley,
daughter of William Rackley, whose first wife was a
daughter of Charles Nelson of Kittery. She was the
mother of at least four of his six sons.
He dealt considerably in real estate ; and in deeds was
He died in 1713, and the plantation was divided among
his sons*, Matthew, Joseph, William, and his son-in-law
Nathaniel Tuckerinan, who held it while they lived.
Joseph's son. Leader, held a part of the estate as late
as 1774, by which time it had been mostly bought by John
Gardner and Samuel Cate.
Matthew .Nelson was the ancestor of nearly all the
Portsmouth Nelsons, and those of Exeter, Barnstead and
Another man of earlv Portsmouth has been interestingly
written about by Brewster and Aldrich ; and he must be
supposed to have had qualities that laid the foundation of
fame ; — I refer to " Dr. Joe" Moses ; about 1690-1770.
He was not from England, as Brewster says ; he was of
the third generation of Portsmouth Moses'. In other
points Brewster is doubtless less accurate than interesting,*
for his only source of information w r as the stories that had
been handed down by tradition ; and were floating about
Portsmouth seventy years after ''Dr. Joe's" death.
When we consider how T much a comic story would gain
in the course of seventy years' telling, also the tendency
to put upon noted characters stories about others, of mere
fiction,— it is not likely that " Dr. Joe" said or did more
than a small fraction of the things ascribed to him.
Such facts about him as can be gleaned from records,
make against thinking he was of the light and low char-
acter which is implied by Brewster, or in such extreme
poverty as he represents.
"' Dr. Joe's" house was indeed small, as it stood on a
lot 32 feet by 26 feet. But so were most other houses of
12. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS.
the period. Even much later Washington was not im-
pressed with the buildings of the place. But he had a
valuable tract of the glebe land, 146 ft. by 53 ft. in the
centre of the city, bounded on three sides by Congress,
Fleet and Brier streets; and he was a proprietor of Bar-
He gained the affection of women of character and
social standing : of his three wives, the first was in the
Half-way Covenant with the Chuich ; the second in full
communion; and the third, — according to Brewster, — was
acceptable as a teacher, after " Dr. Joe's" death.
In 1745 he subscribed thirteen shillings for the support
of French prisoners at Portsmouth.
His son Samuel, (the only son known to have had sons,)
is conceded by Brewster to have been of saintly character
as to works, — whatever he may have been in belief and
utterance. He "did those things which led to the spirit-
ual good of his fellows."
Another son, Theodore, was a ruling Elder, in the
Independent Church, and probably a preacher.
Both these sons petitioned, January n, 1773, against the
establishment of Theatres.
The later generations had a good proportion of men
eminent for piety and probity.
I would like to know the family of "Dr. Joe's" second
The name suggests another interesting Portsmouth
man of a century later, — Thomas P. Moses, Musician and
Artist, — 180S-1881. He was grandson of a Thomas Moses
whose ancestry has not been proved, but who was, per-
haps, a grandson of Josiah Moses, who was a brother of
" Dr. Joe," and whose wife was a daughter of Matthew
Thomas P. Moses was best known as a Musician. He
was organist at the Middle Street Baptist, and the North
Congregational Churches ; and the principal piano teacher
of the place.
In the latter part of his life he did some very good
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. 13.
painting. Also, he wrote a curious book; containing a
sketch of his life, and other matter, more or less eccentric,
in prose and poetry, but exhibiting literary genius.
A genius he certainly was', with a considerable burden
of the infirmities of genius. His ardent temperament
carried him to unprofitable lengths in the development of
his ideas ; he did not make it a financial success in life.
It also made him warm friendship and bitter enemies;
but he was an artist from the word Go t — thoroughly de-
voted to any artistic undertaking.
He conducted concerts, sparing no pains to make them
of the highest artistic merit, regardless of profit; and did
much to improve musical taste and expression in his
Strafford, N. H. August, 1908.
Lieut. Alexander Dennett, U. S. R. C. S.", retired, then
read a piper, accompanied by old documents and deeds,
about the early Dennett settleis of the Piscataqua valley,
as follows : —
®I;b (Early *Bmmil mltltxz.
ALEXANDER DENNETT, of Kittery,
In the year 1668, two young men landed at Portsmouth,
from England, to try their fortunes in the New World. —
The younger of the two, John Dennet, must have been
about twenty-two or twenty-three years old. His brother,
Alexander, was five or six years older. By trade or
occupation they were house carpenters. On arrival they
probably began work at once at their trade.
May 15, 1672, John Dennet, by taking the oath, became
Fiom early records and traditions, it appears that he
very soon became prominent in town affairs, exerting a
wide influence in the community in which he lived ; pro-
moting the material prosperity of the town. He was dis-
tinguished for his sterling integrity and untiring industry,
holding many positions of trust and responsibility, fulfil-
14. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS,
iug every obligation with fidelity. During the latter part
of his life he became wealthy for those days ; being the
largest tax-payer in the town at the time of his death.
He owned a great deal ot real estate, including 1320
feet on the west side of Mill Creek or North Mill Pond.
In 1680 he built the old De?mct House, (at one time
known as the l * Bee Hive,") still standing on Prospect
street, fronting on Dennett street which was named for
him. The dwelling was constructed in a substantial man-
ner ; the lower part being built throughout of square
From Brewster's Rambles About Portsmouth, first series,
page 345, we learn the following about Lydia Waterhouse
Colby Dennet Plummer ; —
"One of the, shipmasters employed by Sir William
Pepperrell was Capt Colby, who married Lydia Water-
house. More than ninety years ago [written i860,] she
became a widow, and was married to Epbraim Dennett,
and resided at the above old mansion, (old Dennet house, )
on Christian Shore. Years rolled on, and she again found
herself a widow. Like a good housewife in those days
when no factories were in operation, she kept her flock of
sheep, and attended to the various processes of converting
their product into cloth ; and her fame extended beyond
the limits of the town.
" Near the house is a good spring, which still flows as
of old. It was a time for wool washing. Laying aside
the widow's weed», dressed in a lea her apron, a man's
broad brim hat. and other apparel to match, she was
washing her wool at the spring, when a stranger on horse-
back approached, and inquired for the residence of the
11 Nothing, daunted, she pointed to the house, directed
him to the front door, while she entered the back way.
Pie was not long in waiting before the lady of the house,
in comely apparel appeared. The gentleman introduced
himself as John Plummer of Rochester. He had heard of
her good reputation ; said perhaps it was too soon to come
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. 15.
courting ; but wouid ask the privilege in proper time of-
roposing himself to her favorable consideration. In due
nie John Plummer came again, and they were married,
'he}' lived happily together many years. Their grave-
;ones in Rochester record the ages of each at about
11 Whether he ever inquired who it was he found wash-
lg the wool at the Spring, we have never been informed.
[ the events at the well where Rebecca was found, were
f sufficient importance to be perpetuated, there is cer-
linly enough of the primitive simplicity in the meeting at
aat spring to keep it still in lasting remembrance by the
escendants of that respectable family. To us, whenever
e pass the premises, or are reminded of its history by
*eing the elevated old mansion even across the mill pond,
lere ever appears the vision of the Judge on his horse,
nd the industrious widow disguised under her bioaii-brim
nd leather apron."
During the Revolutionary War, the house was owned
y Ephraim Dennett, (grandson of John,) whose widow in
iter years, after a courtship savoring of the romantic,
larried Judge John Plummer of Rochester ; (as we see
y the sketch copied from Brewster's Rambles.)
By the records of Strawberry Bank, ( Portsmouth,) John
lennett at various times held the following named offices:
1676-7, chosen one of the Jury of Trials ;
1678, chosen Tythingman.
.s to thf nature of the office of Tythingman, we quote
om record of Town Meeting, held March 22, 1678, when
was voted, that, —
M The Selectmen at the next meeting appoint some
onest men to inspect their neighbors, as the law directs,
)r preventing drunkenness and disorder."
In pursuance of this duty, John Dennett had oversight
f ten of his neighbors.
In 1679, ne was again chosen Grand Juror ;
In 1680, again a Juror of Trial ;
In 1681, Constable •
l6. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS.
In 1688, the town was debtor to John Dennett ,£40 for
work done on the Minister's house.
In 1693, the town being indebted to John Dennett, gave
him a vacant piece of land on the way that goes from
Maj. Vaughan's tanyard towards Bloody Point ; (now
called Gravelly Ridge.)
This land he subsequently gave to his son Joseph.
- John Dennet died May 5, 1709, and is buried at Point of
Graves. His will is on record at Kxeter.
The Portsmouth Times, of Nov. 9, 1901, has an account
of the removal of the old Dennett cemetery from Christian
Shore to a new lot in the Proprietors' Cemetery. In ttrs
article the writer says :
" According to what has been learned, the old cemetery
owes it name to John Dennett, who came to this city in
1668. Whether he laid out the burial lot is undecided ;
but probably the son, as John Dennett himself is buried in
the old Point of Graves Cemetery, on Mechanic street.
" In 1681, a year atterthe old house was built, Joseph
Dennett, son of John, was born. His death occurred in
1714. During his short but exceedingly active life he
was very prominently identified with the affairs of the
town. He served in the Provincial army ; was in the
French War of 1712 ; and his descendants are many.
<4 Undoubtedly Joseph was the one who laid out the amily
burial ground ; and it is supposed he was buried there;
for among the fifty graves, in one corner were found a lot
of field stones, such as were used in those days for head-
stones ; and the remains of unidentified bodies, undoubt-
edly the early members of the family.
44 The field in which the cemetery was located, covered
six acres. In one corner was the cellar of an old Garrison
house. The identity of the house is unknown. Probably
it was built by one of the early members of the Dennett
April 2, 1673, John Dennett bought of John Fernald,
for ^26, twelve acres of upland, '* lying and being between
ye land of Richard Jackson on the northeasterly, and the
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. 17.
land of one Robert Mattoon south or westerly thereof it*
Mr. Richard Cutt his mill creek, which sd 12 acres of
land was granted unto Mr. Renald Fernald in his life
time, as ma}' appear by ye record of ye town of Portsmo."
The land above referred to, containing the old grave-
yard, may bt a part of this same tract.
Alexander the elder brother of John, boru probably
about 1640, did not attain the prominence in public life
that John did. He also was a carpenter and a surveyor
of land. By prudence and industry he acquired a small
competency. He lived the larger part of his life at New
Castle, where he died in 1698.
He had two sons, Alexander and Samuel. Alexander, jr.
was born in New Castle, about 1670. His second wife was
Esther or M Easter" Cross. He lived a part of his life in
Kittery, by the town records, as he had land granted him,
(twenty acres,) and served as surveyor of highways. He
possessed somewhat of a military spirit, was in the Pro-
vincial army in 1696, and Col- Vaughan's regiment in the
French War, 17 12.
Samuel, the second son, was a blacksmith ; probably
Alexander 2nd, died in 1733.
John Dennet had three sons, John, Joseph and Ephraim,
and one daughter, Amy. John second, born 1675, mar-
ried Mary, the widow of Alexander Shapleigh, in 1702:
Her maiden name was Adams, daughter of Christopher
and Margaret Adams.
In 169s, John Dennet purchased for one hundred pounds
of Isaac Remick, son of Christian a tract of land in Kittery
in the western part of the town, adjoining Spinney's
Creek, containing, as shown by the deed, seventy and
seven acres. This land was evidently bought for his son
John, who at once occupied it, first living in the house
already on the place. But within a few years after the
purchase of the place he built a new house.
This is the present house, — still standing, — and was
built somewhere between the years 1706 and 1710. It is a
two story frame house ; 30 feet by 40 feet w r ith 16 foot posts.
IS. PISCATAOUA PIONEERS.
It is in general style and construction like the house
erected by the first John Dennet at Christian Shore ; and
the lower story is filled in with hewn hemlock logs 6in. by
i2in. probably for the double purpose of additional warmth
and protection against Indian bullets.
On the farm John the second lived and died in 1742,
and is buried in the old family lot near the creekside.
He had a family of five children, — two boys and three
girls. His son John succeeded to the estate.
John Dennet second was active in town affairs ; was
Selectman fifteen years, between 1710 and 1731 ; Member
of the Assembly of 1712 ; Town Agent for three years
His daughter Mary, born 1703, lived to the great age of
ninety-four years, and was blind through life.
He left considerable property, including a negro slave,
named Pompey, whom he willed to his eldest son.
Amy Dennet, only daughter of John, born 1679, marritd
John Adams, son of Charles and Margaret Adams, of
Kittery, 1698 ; and lived at Adam's Oaks, near her brother
John. They had five children.
Joseph, the second son of John, has already been re-
The English Dennetts : —
- From time to time attempts have been made to trace the
connections between the Dennett family in this country
and those of the same name in England, — but, without
Mr. Charles Dennett, a native of Lyman. Maine, whose
business, along in the 7o's, called him to England, made
careful research to discover the missing link between the
two ends of the family chain : —
According to his investigations, the family is of Norman
origin, Hugh d'Anet having come over with William the
Conqueror as an officer in his army, and had large estates
conferred on him.
Peter d'Anet, abbot of Constance, was appointed Pre-
ceptor to Louis IX. He was an author of some consider-
ation, whose works are still extant; and some of his
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. 19.
descendants are still found in that neighborhood. One-of
the royal residences in Normandy does, — or did a few
years since, retain the family name, Chateau d'Anet.
There are branches of the Dennett family at Newport,
Isle of Wight and in Sussex County. Their occupation is
farming. Mr. John Leighton Dennett, of Hurst Pierpont,
Sussex, is Lord oi : the Manor ; owns about six hundred
acres of land ; and holds the title deeds of the estate to the
Dennetts of 600 years.
Mr. Charles Dennett also visited another gentleman by
the name of William Hugh Dennett of Worthins and
Stonington, Sussex Co.unty, gentleman, solicitor, finding
him a cordial and agreeable person.
The name of a'Dennet, or Denne-at, is a name of great
antiquity in the parish of Woodmincote, Sussex :
Agnes de la Dt;ne occurs in 1598 ; and Thomas at Dene
was a parishiom r at the time of the Nona Return, 1341 ;
Thomas Druiet was Prebendary of Herefild in 1478.
The name of Der.rett signifies ''a narrow valley. '* The
name was spelled with one / by all the early Denets, and
is so spelled by some of the later generations. Just when
the other / was added, I do not know.
The Dennetts from the first ancestors down, seem to
have had an inclination towards holding public offices.
We find the first John Dennett, as already noted, filling
offices. None have attained high place in their country's
service, but they have faithfully administered such minor
offices as have be.tn placed in their charge.
Offices Held by Dennetts :—
John Dennet : 1678, tythingman ; 1679, grand juror ;
16S0, member jury of trials; 1681, constable ; 1689, collec-
tor of taxes ; 1702' member of assembly ; selectman seven
years, one year unanimously elected ; chairman of board
several years, holding that position at the time of his
John Dennet second, (eldest son of John,) 1707, consta-
ble ; selectman, Kittery, fifteen years between 1710-31 ;
member of assembly, 17 12 ; town agent, three years.
20. FISCATAOUA PIONEERS.
Joseph Dennet (second son of John,) lived to be * thirty-
eight years old ; was a commissioner, auditor of accounts;
the year of his decease he was in the Provincial Army, in
Colonel Vaughan's regiment, in the French war of 1712.
Ephraim Dennett, (youngest son of John,) seems to
have been a leader among men, distinguished for his
eminent ability and learning ; was prominent in social,
military, state and church affairs ; had the confidence of
his fellow townsmen who frequently honored him with
positions of trust and distinction, viz. —
Moderator, church warden, lieutenant and captain of
infantry 1 719 and 1720, auditor of accounts, coroner seven
years, assessor two years, selectman four years, member
of the assembly eight years, auditor of the assembly 1730,
councillor by mandamus 1732 and by appointment 1734.
and i^S, assisted in running the division lines of the town
of Kingston 1740. Died 1741.
John Dennett, grandson of the John Dennett of Ports-
mouth, as appears by the town records, was chosen March
11, 174S, one of the selectmen of Kittery, and was chosen
to the same office every year, except 1757 and 1758, until
1769 inclusive. He was also chosen during the same
period to other town offices, such as moderator, town
agent, etc. In 1750 and 51 he was Representative to the
William Dennett (son of John third,) 1780, constable,
collector of taxes for third or middle parish.
Mark Dennett, (son of William fourth,) for many years
in the earlier part of his life he was quite prominently
identified with the interests of the town. In 1811 he was
elected selectman, serving nine consecutive years, and
subsequent he filled 'the same position'eight years more.
From 1814 to 1S19 he represented Kittery in the Massa-
chusetts General Court ; was a member of the Conven-
tion to form the Constitution of Maine in 1820; —
First Representative of Kittery in the First Legislature of
Maine ; afterwards served in lower house and Senate. In
1829-40, collector of customs at York. 1840, keeper of
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. 21.
Boon Island Light, trial justice, chairman of school com-
mittee, and for more than forty years a teacher in the
public schools ; for seventy-five years a member of the
Christian Church in Kittery.
The Coat of Arms : —
It is not probable that the pioneer Dennetts gave any
thought or attention to Coats of Arms, or such ornamental
frills of society ; their descendants, however, have looked
the matter up as a thing of historical and genealogical
There are several different Coats of Arms assigned to
the name ol Dennett in the books on heraldry. The one
held to be bestowed on the probable ancestral family of
the American Dennetts, is a shield with a sable field and
sprinkled with drops of rain ; the center is ermine, and
the crest a boar's head white, erased proper.
Guillame's History of Heraldry, says of the Dennett
Coat ot Arms, that the bearings are both ancient and
honorable, as becometh a Christian soldier.
The story is that the Dennetts were officers under the
Emperor Marcus Aurelius, among who^e army were some
of the primitive Christians. As they were about to come
to battle with a much larger army ot infidels, the Romans
were much distressed for want of water. Immediately
before joining in battle, the Romans dropped on their
knees and implored the God of Battles for success.
While in the act of prayer, a tremendous storm of
thunder and rain began, that dismayed the infidels and
refreshed the famishing Romans ; the infidels believing
the thunder to be the result of the prayers. In the con-
fusion the Romans fell upon^them and were victorious. —
The Twelfth Legion were henceforth styled the Fuimen
Atrix, or the Thundering Legion.
The Coat of Arms is supposed to be designed in allusion
to this incident ; the drops of rain on the shield represent-
ing the providential shower that came in answer to prayer ;
and the motto, Per Dei Providentiam, in memory of Qod's
.22. PISCATAOUA PIONEERS.
providence in supplying the timely shower whereby the
infidel foe was discomfited.
Family History :
No complete history of the family, to my knowledge, has
yet been published, although several of the descendants
have made extensive research and compilation of family
records. Descendants of the two original Dennetts are
now scattered over the length and breadth of the land.
Probably there are representatives in nearly every State,
though most numerous in New England.
Among those who have taken special interest in family
genealogy, are William H. Dennett, of Boston, Jeremy
Bentham Dennett of Taunton, and Winfield Scott Dennett
of Saco. It is hoped the research and labor of these gen-
tlemen may be published in book form in due time.
As time goes on these old records become more valuable.
It is well to preserve in durable form the history, though
incomplete and fragmentary, of the sturdy pioneers who
endured the hardships and privations of anew country,
and tamed the wilderness for later generations to inherit
In the course of his address, Mr. Dennett showed a
"rubbing" of the inscription on the John Dennet grave-
stone : —
HERE LYES INTERRED THE
BODY OF JOHN DEXXET ESQ
AGED 63 YEARS, DEPARTED
THIS LIFE MAY 5, 1709
Hon. Moses A. Safford, made interesting remarks about
the early Pioneers of the Piscataqua ; after which a fine
dinner was eaten at the Hotei ; and the afternoon was
spent in viewing the old Pepperrell Mansion, Sparhawk
Mansion, Lady Pepperrell Mansion, and the old First
Parish Church and Parsonage.
It was a fine day for the meeting ; everybody seemed to
enjoy it. O. P. Rkmick.
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. 23.
By-Jf aws, piscataqua pioimrs* *
Sec/ion I. The name of the Society shall be the —
Objects of the Society.
• Sec 1. The object for which this Society is established,
is for securing and preserving the records of Piscataqua
Pioneers and their descendants.
It is historical as well as genealogical and biographical ;
to visit historical points of interest, and to promote the
acquaintance and good fellowship of its associates.
To learn the names of the earlier settlers on both sides
of the Piscataqua River, within the limits of what is
known as the Piscataqua Plantation, or Piscataqua Set-
tlement, and contiguous territory, from the earliest times
down to the period within the memory of men now living.
To learn the several parts they took in the accomplish-
ment of the objects of the pioneers in this vicinity,' as well
as to trace them and their descendants in other avenues of
life, whether near or remote, in their several contributions
to the advancement ot American civilization, — its litera-
ture, arts and its industries.
To provide for their association to the end that those
generations who may come after us shall not be ignorant
of those who first dealt with the wilderness and its
aborigines, planting homes in the New World, and that
they may in some degree be enabled to trace the pathways
of their ancestors within th border limits of oui common
Sec- 1. All members other than the incorporation shall
be elected to membership at the regular meetings.
Sec. 2. All application for membership shall be made
on blanks, printed for that purpose, and shall bear the
recommendation of at least two members.
'24. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS.
Any person of good moral character who is a descendant
of a "Piscataqua Pioneer," ma}' become a member of this
Society by being proposed by some member, and elected
by a majority vote.
Persons proposed may be voted for singl) 7 at the request
of any member.
By the word Plo?ieers y it is understood to mean, all those
who were of the '■' Piscataqua Plantation" prior to the
Declaration of Independence.
Sec. j. The membership shall consist of Annual mem-
bers, Life members, Corresponding and Honorary members.
Annual members shall be those who pay to the society
an annual assessment.
Life members shall be those who pay the life members
. Corresponding members shall be those who from time to
time, when called upon, shall render genealogical service
to the society in lieu of an assessment, and who are not
either annual or life members.
Honorary members are those who have been proposed
and elected as such.
See. 4. Each person at the time of his or her election,
as an annual member, shall pay an admission fee of Two
Dollars to the Secretary, for the use of the Society ; such
fee shall be in lieu of the annual assessment for that year.
Bach annual member shall pay an assessment of One
Dollar per year, for the use of the society.
The fee for Life membership shall be twenty- five dollars.
Scr. j Any person may be suspended or dropped, for
cause determined by the majority of the Board of Directors.
Sec. 1. The Annual meeting shall be held in Ports-
mouth, N. H. in the month of August, on such day and
hour, and at such place, as the Directors may determine.
Sec. 2. Special meetings may be called at any time by
the Board of Directors ; also on petition in writing by five
members of the Society-
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. 25.
Sec. 1. The Officers of this Society shall consist of a
President, ten or more Vice Presidents, Treasurer, Sec-
retary, Curator, and a Board of Directors: —
All of whom shall be elected at the Annual Meeting.
They shall severally hold offices for the term of one year,
or until their successors are elected.
k Article VI.
Duties of Officers.
President and Vice President.
Sec. 1. The President shall preside at all meetings of
the Pioneers and ot the Board of Directors ; in his absence
one of the Vice Presidents shall preside ; if all are absent,
a temporary Chairman shall be chosen.
Ser. 1. The Treasurer shall receive all money from the
Secretary ; pay all bills as approved by the President ;
and make a detailed report at the annual meeting.
Sec. 1. The Secretary shall attend all meetings, and
keep a true record of their doings.
Sec. 2. He shall collect all money due the Society, and
pay the same to the Treasurer ; record the names of all
members, and the time of their admission ;, and transmit
to each person elected to membership a printed copy of the
act of incorporation and by-laws ; and make a detailed
report at the annual meeting.
Sec. j. He shall notify every member of the annual and
special meetings, giving a seven day notice by mail.
Sec. ./.In his absence a Secretary pro tern may be chosen.
Board of Directors.
Sec. 1. At the Annual Meeting there shall be chosen
five members as a Board of Directors ; they shall have
26. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS.
charge of the general affairs of the Society, make all con-
tracts, appropriate moneys, fix the compensation of all
officers, and have in all other ways the general manage-
ment of the Society.
Sec. 2. They shall serve for one year each, and make
a detailed report at the Annual Meeting.
Sec. i. The Curator shall have charge of all Historical
work, Library and Genealogical datas, which may from
time to time be presented to the Society.
Sec. i. Five members shall constitute a Quorum.
The Board of Directors may adopt a Seal of such design
as in their judgment maybe proper; giving name and
date of incorporation.
Sec. i. Any article in the By-laws may be suspended,
altered or amended, by a two-thirds vote of those members
present at any meeting, provided they shall have been
submitted to the Board of Directors, and incorporated in
the notice to the members.
Names of flembers.
Capt. T. M. Jackson, 215 Montague St. Brooklyn, N. Y.
Albert H. Lamson, Elkins,- N. H.
John M. Moses, Strafford, N. H.
H. W. Fernald, M. O. Div. Boston P. O.
M. A. Safford, Kittery, Maine.
J. L. M. Willis, M. D. Kliot, Maine.
O. P. Remick, Kittery Depot, Maine.
Alexander Dennett, Kittery, Maine.
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. 27.
H W. Hardon, 60 Wall street, New York.
Albert E. Rhodes, 6 Beacon street, Boston.
Horace Mitchell, Kittery, Maine.
Miss Gertrude Sias 37 Wadsvvorth St. East Boston, Mass
Miss Alice J. Moore, Kittery, Maine.
Mrs. Josephine Dennett, Kittery, Maine.
Miss Theodora Chase, Newton, Mass.
Alfred A. Stocker, M. D. 49 Belmont St. Cambridge, Ms.
J. R. Stanwood, Portsmouth, N. H.
O. L. Frisbee, Portsmouth, N. H.
J. W. Hobbs, Kittery, Maine.
W. M. Emery, Fall River, Mass., (resigned.)
James VV. Walker, Kittery Point, Maine.
Rev. C. P. Emery, Kittery Point, Maine.
Mrs. Florence A. Crane, DesMoines, Iowa.
Denison R. Slade, Centre Harbor, N. H.
John W. Deering, 299 Newbury street, Boston.
Mrs. Anna M. Chandler Riley, Claremont, N. H.
Samuel K. Hamilton, 31 Milk street, Boston, Mass.
John Scales, Dover, N. H.
Mrs. Lettie M. O'Neil, Claremont, N. H.
Mrs. Annie B. McKinney, 822 N. High St. Columbus, Ohio
Justin H. Shaw, Portsmouth, N. H.
Charles A. Hazlett, Portsmouth, N. H.
Oliver K. Grant, 154 Boulevard, New York.
Rev. George M. Bodge, 11 Meredeth St. Roxbury, Mass.
Honorary Members : —
L. W. Brewster; Portsmouth, N. H.
Hon. E. W. Pearson, Concord, N. H.
Corresponding Members :—
H. I. Durgin, M. D. Eliot, Maine.
F. M. Sise, Portsmouth, N. H.
2S. riSCATAQUA PIONF.KRS.
Said to be the oldest continuously travelled Road in Maine.
The curving shore, the orchard and the field
Yet hold their places, and the River Road
Winds through yon village, half in trees concealed,
Where Peace has its beneficent abode;
Beyond, the white Church on the upland showed;
Lifts its fair turret, and each sylvan nook
Glows in the landscape, as it e'er has glowed
Since Memory its fond departure took
To dwell upon .the Past as 'twere a book.
— B. P. Shillaber.
An Old Road I It is really a page of history ; it awakens
memories and traditions ; brings the old-time names and
homes freshly to thought ; renews in imagination the
ancient houses and the very people who dwelt in them.
Eliot has an Old Road. Older than memory or even
history goes. William Fogg, the historian and genealo-
gist of our town, whose pen was ever regarded as clear
and reliable, calls it the "oldest co7itinuoiisly travelled
road in Maine." And its history, if really investigated,
may reveal it as one or the most ancient roads in use and
travel in the country.
It has been an open path more years than can be
counted : —
First, it was the Indian trail along the banks of the
winsome Piscataqua; — the river that not only was the
attraction of the original Indians, but also as early as
1602, — years before Plymouth Ro :k became the stepping
stone, — there came to our Eliot and Kittery shores, the
companies of English fishermen, who took such pleasure
in their successes, that log-cabins were built on the very
edges of the trail ; and these cabins on the rims of both
the river and the trail, became their homes year after year.
The Indian trail of that early date, [1602,] came from
the old fields of Newichawannock and extended to Kittery
It is not strange that this Indian trail, with its natural
beauty, — our broad river on oue side, and the hills and
THE OLD ROAD. . 29.
trees on the other, — became not 'only the footpath of the
Indians, but when the whites came hither for a home,' it
became a. permanent road, never surrendered and never
limited ; but for the entire three centuries since those
early white men built their rude homes for the summer
fishing, has it been an open and fret road, and the homes
of successive generations.
From the fishing grounds at Quamphegan Falls,
through the hunting ground of Newichiwannock, by the
winter camps at 01 ifields and Sturgeon Creek, — alon^ the
river from Cammocks Creek to Frank's fort, where the
clams abounded in great quantities, and where the Indians
came at regular intervals, may be traced the ancient trail,
which developed into, and is now occupied as the Old Road;
and through the South part of Eliot, through ancient
Kittery, to the fishing grounds of Spruce Creek and to
the ocean, may the old trail be followed.
The name, Old Road, now only lingers for a small part
of the way, — other names having been given to other
Yes, it is the same Old Road of comfort and beauty
today, that runs 011 the edge of the Eiict short, tl.en
winding inland for a little, it- again reaches out to the river
bank, until the limits of the old town are reached.
The length ol the period that the Old Road has been
in open use and travel, we can only judge by the time of
the settlement of this region :
It was a trail when our settlers first landed ; in later
years allusions to it have given it the one name, — The
In 1650, a letter written by one of the Leightons alludes
to living on "the Old Road," near Watts' Fort.
Again, in 1652, the quill of an ancient resident calls it
"the Old Road." . .
In 1687, a letter of Charles Frost gives the thoroughfare
the same name.
At the date of each of the manuscripts, there were resi-
dents and homesteads. And there have bee^n relics and
30. THE OI.D ROAD.
indications of old time houses at various times unearthed.
Many are the traditions of the homes on the river rim.
and also farther from the shore, when the road turned
inward and again went river-ward.
It is easy even to this far-away time to trace the homes
of the early families of the —
and many more, who not only established homes, but were
valued and useful names ; names that have given merit,
not only to families, but to the wisdom and the good sense
©lances af PbdpIb anfo Bocaliftes
of the Past.
CHARLKS A. SHAPLEIGH.
The readers of Old Eliot are doubtless awnre that the
history of Kittery and Eliot and the history of the
Shapleigh family run along the same lines ; — Shapleighs
being one of the early families. Squire William Fogg,
(as he was called in the days of my childhood.) brought
the 'record of the family to 1850. He did a fine work.
Col. Francis Keefe also had a papf r concerning Nicholas
Shapleigh, of great interest to the family of today.
In one number of old Kliot, Capt. Elisha Shapleigh Sen'r,
Gen. Andrew P. Fernald are coupled as the two foremost
men of their day. Both these men were my great-grand-
Capt. Elisha Shapleigh, junior, (ray grandfather,)
married Martha Fernald, daughter of Andrew Pep^. rell
Of General Fernald a most kindly act was told me by
Moses Goodwin, (the lather of Moses E. Goodwin.) He
said that his ancestor, the first Goodwin that came into
PEOPLE AND LOCALITIES. . 31.
Lliot. (then a part of Kitu-ry,) had for his personal riches
simply a stout heart, and a pair of hands willing to work ;
and the people questioned if it were wise to receive one
who might "fall into distress," (as the Maine- Statutes of
that date read. ) It was possible that he and his family
might become an expense.
But Gen. Fernald came nobly forward to the officials,
and offered to stand between the young Mr. Goodwin and
the town ; and at once gave his bond to the officials ;
asserting that the town should be holden for no expense.
And most surely his expectations were met.
It was an honor indeed to place Gen. Fernald and Capt.
Elisha ShjpTeigh. sen'r, as the forem >^t men; for there
were living in that generatiun the Foggs, Leightons,
Hammonds, Frosts, Staples, Rogers families, an<i many
others who were truly In advance, yes, more thau ubrea»t
of those earlier times.
Do you ask me what I mean by this ?
One answer will be that they were pos c essors of a
Library; massive volumes of standard wor=«3 ; .he very
best that the world could give at that period.
My father told me of this Library; and that I v^ould
find the books with A. .drew Leighton, Librarian. — or
Custodian, as he was then called. Sixty jears ago, when
I was but fifteen years old, [1840,] I read these books.
They were the. best literature of that day.
Shall I no v give a little history of York County, in
which the Sbapleighs played a part : —
One Francis Small, an Indian traaer, bo ight )i Capt.
Sunday, an Indian Chieftain, at Qnampes -.,in, So nh
Berwick,) a tract of land along the Saco River, for a few
guns, a little powder and shot, and some red flannel.
Nicholas Shapleigh bought an undivided half oi this
tract ; and 1 am quite sure the Chieftain gave the deed to
them jointly ; for I have read it. About tweiuv years a^o
I was in Alfred, on Probate business ; and I wen the
office of the Register of Deeds ; and he brought me the
Indian Deed. It was the greatest curiosity aao^' ail the
2,2. PEOPLE AND LOCALITIES.,
papers of York County. It was signed with a Turtle, and
was duly witnessed.
For a number of years this deed was mislaid. When it
was found it was taken before the Courts and allowed to
be valid; and the Smalls and the Shapleighs and their
heirs entered into possession.
— And now I will relate what I know of the Shipyard,
that was at Green Acre ; and the ships that were built
there more than sixty years ago :
Capt. Samuel Hanscom built the ship Elisabeth Hamilton.
All the people of Eliot were invited to be present at the
launching, and partake of the dinner provided in the
Mold loft. I was present ; a fine dinner, and no lack of
William Jones, the first Dry Goods merchant of Ports-
mouth, was the principal owner of this ship. His son,
William Jones, jun'r, and his son-in-law (who married
his daughter,) made up the firm.
Mr. Jones, sen'r, once lived on the Hammond site. —
Another man of note once lived on the Benjamin Kennard
place; his name was Pierpont ; he went to Portsmouth
later, and for many years he was the foremost Physician
in the city.
Another Eliot man to go to Portsmouth to prosper, was
John Knowlton, Ship Blacksmith. He was said to be the
richest man in New Hampshire.
— But, to return to the Shipyard at Green Acre:
We will see if we can get the next ship off the ways
into the salt water. These were the times of the first
World's Fair in London ; when they had the Crystal
Palace ; the time of the finding gold in California ; when
every EJjot boy that could shoulder an ax could get big
pay in building clippers that could sail from New York or
Boston to Liverpool in thirteen days, — fairly outstripping
the steamboats of that period : The Typhoon, the Dread-
nought, the Ocean Racer, and others.
It was now that Jenny Lind, the Swedish Nightingale
came, to stir up the whole nation. Following her came a
PEOPLE AND tOCAMTlES. . 33.
wede, one of her own nation; he had quite a sum of
lonej which he wished to invest, and as there was a great
emand for clipper ships, be thought he would have one
»uilt to carry passengers to and from the World's Fair,
le would name the clipper, for Jennie Lind. He employed
Villiam L. Hanscom to make the model, and lay down
he lines, and build the clipper, — which he did at the yard
it Green Acre. She was named The Nighti?igale, lor the
Before the clipper was completed, the Swede's money
jave out. He and his builder thuught the best thing to
lo was to get money of others and complete her ; and then
;et an agent to sell her. This was done ; Ex. Governor
>oodwln, of Portsmouth, was made the selling agent.
She sailed for Boston ; and even among the splendid
Uppers she made a sensation ; was declared to be the
inest thing afloat.
She took a cargo for Liverpool. Here her owners laid a
vager, — $10,000; and issued a challenge lor a run to
Calcutta. This challenge was accepted ; and —
the Nightingale out-ran and out-sailed
ler Knglish competitor, and easily won the wager.
Kittery, August 20th, 1779.
this Day Recived Zebedee Witham, and Passed
Muster at my Camp, as an Able Soldier, in the Rume
3f Mr. John Fogg; to Joyn the Continental Army
until the Last Day of November, as
Witness my Hand, —
OATH - OF- A I,M$G I A^CEv 1 .7 7 6.
Etiox Men, 1776.
A Broadside in Mass. Hist. So. Building.
BY O. P. REMICK.
The following Fifty Men of Eliot, signed an Oath of
Allegiance, in 1776, to the Colony Laws.
In accord with Resolution of the Continental Congress,
14 March, 1776 : They agreed to oppose the British Arms
with arms ; and to support the Colony: —
Jere'h Witham, his mark,
Amos Chick, his mark,
Benjamin Hod son,
Bryant Davis, his mark,
Joseph Johnson, his mark
Edwin Witham, his mark ,
Joshua Staple, Jun'r,
John Hill, Jun'r,
0U>. ELIOT, 35.
mhl 3Togg, 1660, anb fjis ©msttbariis.
Copied from the MSS of Jeremy Fogg, (born 1744,)
by G. F. Shedd. Nashua.
At. Daniel Fogg, my Great Grand Father, was Born
the year 1660, and Died in Kittery, June 9th day, 1755,
;d 95 years.
?apt. Daniel Fogg, my Grand Father, was Born April
12th day, 1694.
Irs. Anna Fogg, my Grand Mother, was Born August
Irs. Anna Fogg, my Grandmother, Died Aprilye 15th,
5, aged 80 years & 8 months.
?apt. Daniel Fogg, my grand Father, Died November
30th, 1782, aged 88 years & 7 months & 18 days,
iamuel Fogg, their first Son and my Father, was Born
le ye first day, 1716. And died October the 30, 1798,
ed 82 years, 4 months, 19 days.
ly Aunt Anna Fogg, their first Daughter, was Born
>r. the 16th, 17 18, married August 24, 1738, to
ly .>unt Hannah Fogg their Second Daughter was
n Novemb. ye 12th day, 1719, married to Wm. Hasty,
>tm. ye 8th, 1743.
ly Uncle Ruben Fogg, their Second Son, was Born
le ye first day, 1722 ;
larried May ye 15th, 1744, to Margaret Elder,
ly Aunt Mary Fogg, their third Daughter, was Born
y ye 28th day, 1724 ; married to George Hanscom,
vm'br ye 13th, 1746.
ly Aunt Keturah Fogg, their 4th Daughter, was Born
>r. ye 5th day, 1727, married Decem'br ye 3d, 1753, to
sha Hanscom v & he dyed Febuary ye 24, yr 1776,
ut 12 a Clock at night.
[y Aunt Esther Fogg, their 5th Daughter, was Born
ob'r ye 15th day, 1729; married to Elisha L,ibbey,
>r. 9th, 1748.
36. DANIJSt FOGG, 1660
My Aunt Rhoda Fogg, their Sixth Daughter," was Born
March the 15th day, 1733, and Died
My Uncle Daniel Fogg, their Third Son, was Born
Decemb'r ye 5th, 1735. Married to Sarah Scott, of
Mechias, and he Died Febr the 7th, 1766, at Mechias, aged
3oy, 2m, & 2 Days. He was Killed by ye Limb of a tree,
which unhappily fell from the tree on which he was
Mr. Samuel Fogg, my Father, was Born June ye first,
Mrs. Rachel Fogg, my Mother, was Born August ye
They were married January the 27th day, 1743.
Mrs. Rachel Fogg, my mother, Died March ye 24th
176s, Aged 44 y, 7 m. & 4 Days.
Mr. Sam'l Fogg, my Father, married ye 2d time, Novm.
ye 12th, 1770 to Elisabeth Moody. March ye 17th, 1774
She Died, aged about 58 years.
I, Jeremy Fogg, their first Son, was Born June the nth
My Brother Knoch, their Second Son, was Born May ye
28th, 1746. Married June ye 4th, 1772, to Lois Nutter.
My Brother Edmond, their third Son, was Born March
the 28th, 1728, married Augt the 6th, 1772, to Sarah
Warren. And he died April the 26, 1801, Aged 53 years,
1 month, 28 Days.
My Sister Esther, their first Daughter, was Born March
ye 29th, 1750. And Died Janur' ye first day, 1768, Aged
17 years 8 months & 29 Days.
My Sister Sarah, their Second Daughter was Born
August ye 6th, 1752, and Died July ye 4th, 1767, aged 14
years 9 months & 29 Days.
My Brother, their 4th Son, was Born July ye 2d, 1754,
and Died July ye 3d, 1754, N. Stile.
My Sister Anna, their 3d Daughter, was Born Novemb.
the 29th, 1755, married to Joseph Robberds, Febuary the
8 day, 1776 ; he died October the 4, 1798.
JEREMY FOGG. 37
ly Brother Samuel, their 5th Son, was Born April ye
,Iy sister Rhoda, their 4th Daughter, was Born April
vly sister Rachel, their 5th Daughter, was Born Septm.
[, Jeremy Fogg, was Born June ye nth, 1744.
Vlary, my Wife, was Born January the 30, 1742. and we
s married May the 28th, 1766. Mary Fogg, my wife,
;d December the 19, 1800. Aged 58 yr, 10 m, & 19 days,
id I was married the 2 time, June the 14, 1801, to Molly
George, my first Son, was Born March ye 25th, 1767,
d Died May ye 5th, 1767, aged one month & n Days.
Sarah, my first Daughter, was Born June ye '20th, 1768,
out n at night; first quarter [moon] 21 day, n at
ght.] Married to James Emmery March 27, 1790- —
m Daniel born July 14, I79 6 -
Jeremy, my Second Son, was Born Oct'r ye 30th, 1770
•out n at night ; first quarter [moon] 26 day, n forenoon,
nd married to Darkes Lumbard, December the 21, 1791.
nd their first Daughter was born December 25, 1795.
Betty, my 2d Daughter, was Born Fryday night, about
n o'clock, December ye nth Day, 1772; full mo*»n 10
l Y» 00 57 morning. Married March the 30, 1794, Chris-
pher Dun : her first son was Born Febuary the 3, 1795 ;
Esther, my 3d Daughter, was Born Fryday. ye 24th of
eb'y, 1775, about n at night. Last quarter, 23 day,
morning. And married to Joseph Watterhouse, Sep-
;mber the 13, 1795 ; their first Son w T as born January the
Anna, my fourth Daughter, was Born tuesday, the
econd of September, About half-after-one Clock in the
fternoon, 1777. New Moon 1 day, n morning. And
)ied December 17, 1793, at 2 in afternoon. Aged 16 years
months, & 15 Days.
38. MOSES GOODWIN.
Lois, my fifth Daughter, was born October the 9th,
1779, Saturday, half past six in the Afternoon. New
Moon 9 dav, 00 35 minutes, afternoon.
George, my third Son, was born January the 11 day,
1784, About 12 ©'Clock, Sunday night.
Sarah's first Son was born 1790, March the 27, Saturday
morning, near Sun Rise.
Betty's Second Son was born May 5, 1796, Nathaniel ;
their 3d Son was born June 17, 1798, George ; Joshua,
their 4th Son. born March the 9, 1800.
Esther's Second Son was born July. 25, 1797, and died
August 19, 1797. Their third & fourth Sons, twins. —
Joseph & benjamin, born February 17, 1799 ; Joseph died
September the 9, 1800.
Sarah's first Daughter was born August 28, 1797.
Jeremy's first Son was born 1797, January the 28 ;
Martha, their Second daughter, was born September the
10, 1798 ;
May the 28, 1800, Edmond, the Second Son was Born,
and died November 27, 1800 ; —
Jeremy, — his wife Dorcas, died May 11. 1801.
Remembered as one of the Leading Citizens of Eliot.
Moses Goodwin was born in Eliot, January 29. 1815 ;
married Margaret Kennard ; died March 7. 1893.
In early life he learned the trade of ship carpenter, with
Capt. Samuel Badger, on Badger's Island, near the Ferry
Landing in Kittery.
He worked many years at his trade, in several different
yards ; among them the Hanscom yard, — now Green Acre.
In the Hanscom yard, he was employed on the renowned
ship, — Nigh ting a le .
By many he was called "Capt. Moses ;" having been
commissioned by Gov'r John Fairfield, in 1840, as Capt.
of Co. A, Cavalry, First Division, First Brigade of the
TH£ INDIAN MOUND. 39-
He held many Town and County offices ; among them :
Representative to the Legislature,
He was a man ol sterling character and integrity ;
remembered as one who had clear and wise perceptions
of Eliot's welfare; his public duties were safely and sen-
sibly performed. His business career also, was conducted
with the wisdom that gave him a successful life.
Near the Eliot B. and M. Station
About twenty-five years ago, Samuel Clark, a resident of
Eliot, Wis grading the land near his family burying
ground. He decided to level a large knoll; and thus
make the land more easy of cultivation.
When he had removed several feet, in extent, of the
earth, he was greatly surprised to find at the depth of two
feet, — a quantity of ashes, a hearth ; and upon closer in-
vestigation, Indian relics ; among them, pipes, two quaint
brass spoons with round bowls, curiously wrought handles
and several Indian arrow heads. The spoons were sup-
posed to be of Dutch make.
The ashes Mr, Clark hauled away, and spread over the
land ; and it was then he discovered the hearth of stone,
about twenty- feet in diameter.
There was no doubt that the mound was originally a
part of an Indian winter encampment ; and there were six
other mounds near ; one of them, also, had pipes., spoons,
and other Indian relics. One of the spoons Mr. Clark
gave to Dr. Willis, Editor of Old Eliot.
The locition of this Indian Camp, was on the high
ground, ow~e^ n^w by Raymond Clark, (son of Samuel.)
40. , HISTORIC IT*MS.
It is at the head waters of Sturgeon Creek, on the north-
east side of the B. and M. Railroad, near Eliot station.
Very near this large mound, is an interesting deposit of
red mineral paint. Probably the Indians used this in
their personal decoration.
These indications of a long ago settlement of aborigines,
near our B. & M. Station, give a historic and traditional
interest to the locality. Imagination can picture the crude
residents ; and the long ago tents that sheltered from
winter's storms and chills ; and thus the very land is a
monument of crowded imaginations.
Historic Items. [Gathered by William Fogg.]
Capt. Gosnold, one of the Counsel of Virginia ; he died,
August 22, 1607.
Sir Ferdinaudo Gorges, thirty years of age in 1605. He
Capt. John Smith, born 1579. Died in London, 1631,
aged 52 years.
Thomas Cam mack, in this county, 1633 ; he died, 1643.
Henry Joselyn married his widow. Cammack lived
on Prants Neck, Scarborough.
Spurvvink was the settlement near Richmond's Island.
It was the seat of Robert Trelawnay, who came over
and had a grant of nearly all the lands in Cape Klisa-
beth ; and of the lands on the neck of Casco, and
extending some distance into the country.
Capt John Hill of Berwick, had a brother Samuel in
Rowley, in 1691 ; their father and mother living.
John Hill was a Captain of a large Company, principally
from Massachusetts, stationed at Fort Mary in Saco,
from April 21 to Septem'r 5. 1693. He had a company
•there Nov. 1694, eight of whom were from Wells, and
the rest from Massachusetts, being 29. He was at
Fort Mary, at Saco. Nov'r, 1699, and in June, 1694.
Capt. stationed at Wells August, 1693. Commanded
Saco Fort, Dec'r 1692, Maj. Francis Hook then at
ADVENT CHURCH. 41.
2L!;b ©litff J§BMmb 3ftbx>2nf (EIjurrFr.
The Second Advent Church, of Kliot, had a pleasant
hough rural begining : Oliver Athorne and his wife, —
klary T. [Hammond] Athorne,— -an estimable woman,
rith the gift of exhortation and earnest effort, came to
k>uth Eliot, in the early sixties.
They were of the Advent Faith, and soon commenced
aeetings. There was at the time no hall or church easily
>btained ; but the interest of Mr. and Mrs. Athorne was
,otrue and sure, that they announced meetings to be acid
n Solomon Staples grove.
The new movement speedily became a theme of conver-
sation ; and so many assembled, that during the summer
nonths of the three following years, the services were
rontinued. People came both curiously and in earnest,
lot only from Eliot homes, but from Berwick, Kittery,
Poitsmouth, — and the near towns.
Several ministers were secured, officiating at different
:itnes ; and it is remembered that one was a colored preach-
er, named Champlin ; he at once became a curiosity as
well as a spiritual assistance ; and a vtry large assembly,
gathered beneath the trees ; and his exercises continued
At the close of the third summer, the Advent meetings
had become surely established ; and the Christian Chapel
was eventually secured, as will be seen by the records of
this sketch. When the Chapel was secured, Joseph White,
Frank Burbank, Hiram Munger, Pratt, and two or three
others, were among the first to come to the pulpit.
These Chapel meetings were continued, and pulpit sup-
plies were obtained ; and then came a desire on the part of
several to acknowledge faith in the views that had been
Among the first to embrace Advent doctrines, — so
called, — were, George W. Brown, who held a Local
Preachers license with the Methodists, and Charles W.
Dixon. Others were added from time to time.
42.. ADVENT CHURCH.
In 1868, they were blest with a stirring revival ; it so
increased their number, that meetings were regularly held
with only a verbal organization and transient preaching,
Mr. Athorne and Mrs. Athorne, labored and sacrificed as
the promoters of the Faith, until re-enforcement came.
Then, as Mr. Brown was a licensed preacher and a class
leader, they looked to him to take the lead of the meetings.
Mr. Brown was ordained to the labors of the Ministry
by the Advent Christian Conference, at Alton Bay Camp
Meeting, in 1864; and has served with the .Eliot people
The Second Advent Christian Church was organized
March 9, 18S4, by H. L. Hastings, of Boston, with eleven
enrolled members ;
Joseph H. Dixon, Secretary ;
Thaddeus Knight, Treasurer.
The Elders have been, —
George W. Brown,
The Deacons have been, —
John C. Staples,
Albert J. Knight.
Other members were enrolled later.
The building of the
Second Advent Christian Church : —
The Christian Chapel, in which they worshipped, was
built in 1845-6 ; and was dedicated March 20, 1846. The
dedicatory sermon was preached by Elder Mark Fernald ;
and the prayer of consecration was offered by Elder George
Moore Payne, — both of Kittery.
In 1886, the Chapel was very much out of repair. A
number of the Christian brethren, who helped build the
Chapel, had embraced the Second Advent faith ; and with
the consent of the leading men who built the Chapel, it
was thought wise to tear down and build anew.
Samuel Dixon obtained an estimate of the stock required
ADVENT CHURCH. , 43.
for the Church, and sent down east, and had it brought in
a schooner, and laid on the wharf, before any money
The lot of land was enlarged, by additions bought of
C. H. Brown.
The people of South Eliot and vicinity, seeing they were
in earnest, contributed generously, both in money and
When it was built, it was thought to be worth $1500 ;
with two hundred dollars not paid. Before the dedication
service, the two hundred dollars were collected by sub-
scription. The Church was dedicated, free of debt, April
7, 1887, Elder William H. Mitchel of Kennebunk, preach-
ed the Dedication Sermon ; Eider George M. L,ittle of
N. H. offered the Prayer of Consecration.
From this time onward to the close of 1892, the Church
was irregularly supplied by sixty-six different preachers.
Then. January 5, 1893, Albert L Hill was ordained
Pastor of the Church ; and served one year.
In 1894, George W. Brown was elected Pastor; and has
continued in the position till now, 1909.
The Building Committee consisted of —
George W. Brown,
Richard F. Dixon.
Charles Frost, 1676: —
Charles Frost served as Captain in the Expedition
eastward, from February 1, to March 9, 1676.
Richard Waldron was Commander-in-Chief.
Samuel Cutts, 1698 : —
October 15, 1698. Samuel Cutts, died, after one wccL's
44' PROMINENT MEN.
©f^r Pmmmtni Wttn af Jxxmtx Bags.
Hon. Ichabod Cole.
Hon. Ichabod Cole was born in South Eliot, July 12,
1818, and died February 14, 1904. He was the son of
Ichabod and Anna Cole.
His mother, Anna (Brooks,) was twice married ; she
was the widow of Elijah Varney, and then became the
wife of Ichabod Cole and the mother of the Hon. Ichabod
whom we now commemorate.
The name, Ichabod, was perpetuated in the family for at
least three generations ; it was borne by Hon. Ichabod.
and by his father, and his grandfather.
Of the grandson we gather memories of an interesting
and valued life : —
Mr. Cole became a student in early days; and applied
himself diligently, as one working his way. In his teens
he followed fishing, and became sufficiently acquainted to
take charge of a vessel, and acquired the title, Capt. Cole. ■
November 23, 1841, he married Miss Mary Rogers Teth-
erly ; and there were born, six sons and three daughters.
By devoting his spare time to study, he soon qualifitd
himself to teach ; and then, for a number of years, he
taught school in his own town and in his own district, in
winter season ; and fished in the summer. This continued
until he was required at the Navy Yard as a laborer.
After a short time at the Yard, he was promoted to the
oifice and made Constructer Clerk ; and continued to serve
until after the Civil War. Also he performed duties in
the Equipment department. - '..-.)
He was Constructer Clerk again, during Mr. Cleave-
land's first term.
In 1871, May 2, he went to Baltimore, Md. and remained
a full year, still doing clerical work with Government
In 1876, he went to Washington, where he served as
private Secretary to the late Hon. Frank Jones for four
FROMINJUfT Mim. 45.
He was Senator one term, (1872,) in the Maine
He served his town on the board of Selectmen for some
years; and was one of the School Committee from 1871 to
He became a member of Piscataqua Lodge, I. O. O. F.
in Portsmouth, in early manhood, and his membership
continued through life.
In politics he was a true Democrat, of the Jeffersonian
In religion he was liberal minded, and attended the
preaching services of the church quite regularly in the
prime of life. He willingly heard all theories and preach-
ers ; but n-ver made any profession of Christianity.
He was, indeed, a good citizen, always interested in
He was a well read man in English Literature, especially
the poets, Po^e and Cowper, and he took much pleasure
He was pleasant and agreeable company, ready to con-
verse on any topic that might be introduced ; in short he
was a useful man in his day and generation.
Ichabod Cole's Children ; date of birth:
George Clifford Cole, Sept. 12, 1842.
Ichabod Cole, July 18, 1844.
Frank Cole, Nov. 10, 1846.
Charles Hamilton Cole, January 30, 1849.
Anna Cole, August 15, 1851 ; married Charles H.
Dixon ; he died June 5, 1894.
Hannibal Hamlin Cole, December 30, 1853.
Susan Cole, July 12, 1856 ; married Joshua Vaughn.
John Howard Cole, Sept. 17, 1859.
Florence Cole, Sept. 12, 1862 ; married John Grant.
An interesting family group ; nine children, — seven of
them are now over Fifty years of age ; and two are almost
Fifty. Fifty Years, and no break in the family. All are
46. PROMINENT MEN.
living now, — December 18, 1908. • '
The oldest and the youngest of the children were born
just twenty years apart, to a day.
George W. Brown.
Hon. Alexander Junkins.
The Hon. Alexander Junkins was born in York, York
County, Me., Sept. 9, 1813. He was the son of Alexander
and Judith (Moulton) Junkins.
He attended the district school in his youth, but was
At the age of seventeen years, he began to learn the
trade of tanner and currier; serving three years as appren-
tice in Eliot ; during which time he received for his ser-
vices, his board and clothes.
After working a year in $aco, Me. he went to Boston,
where he was employed at his trade two years.
He then went to Berwick. Me. where he opened a tan-
nery which he conducted for a period of eighteen years;
finally selling out and removing to Eliot.
In Eliot he was principally engaged in farming.
In 1887, he went to Greenland, where he resided until
his last illness, — April, 1900.
Mr. Junkins was prominent in public affairs. He served
in the Maine Legislature in 1848 ; again in 1850. In 1856
he was a member of the Senate ; Sheriff of York Connty
three years ; Selectman several years. He was elected
Moderator more than fifty times. After his removal to
Greenland, he was elected Representative from that town,
in 1894; being the oldest man in the House.
In his political opinions he was a Democrat.
April 1837, Mr. Junkins was united in matrimony
-with Elizabeth L. Staples, who was born in Eliot, in 1818.
'With truth it can be said, that Alexander Junkins lived
a life of uprightness, integrity, and his name will ever
arouse pleasant recollections of a happy, genial disposi-
tion ; with a kindly word to all, for he called every man
OLD EUOT. 47*
Although quiet, with no desire for display, he en-
joyed thoroughly the political preferences which were
awarded bim ; and few there are who can more keenly
enjoy a hearty, practical joke, nor acknowledge their
appreciation by a merrier twinkle than could he, to the
very end of his life.
He certainly has left behind a memory honored and
honorable; faithfully won by a long life of usefulness and
— ! o —
Indian Names : —
Piscataqua, or Piscataway, signified Right-angle.
Piscataquack Plantation : the English name, — Kittery,
also, Kittery, Eliot.
Newichawanock, or the Parish of Unity, or Precinct of
Berwick, Town of Berwick, South Berwick, North
(juampagan in Kittery, South Berwick village.
Newichawanack River, the South Berwick River.
Sunkaradunk, Sagadahack, River Kennebunk.
Arrowsick, near the mouth of the Kennebunk.
Sperwink, small river at Cape Elisabeth.
William Fogg paper.
Interesting House Record :
The Mary and Susan Hammond residence, now owned
by Myra and Mary Hammond : This home was built by
Thomas Hammond :
And Thomas Hammond married Mary Rogers, tHe
daughter of the First Eliot Minister. The publishment
of this marriage is dated, March 20, 1756.
Doubtless it was a pleasant memory to VI ary Rogers
Hammond that not only was her fathr a minister, but her
grandfather and her great-grandfather had been pastors
of the church at Ipswich, Mass.; her great-grandfather
coming from a church in England to Ipswich in iZ^ ; ana
48. ©i,D mo$.
lie was the son of a renowned English clergyman whose
grave is marked today with a large old-fashioned head-
stone and his pulpit still preserved in an ante-room of the
meeting-house as a valuable and interesting relic.
— — — o ~
A deed or grant of land, written two hundred and twenty-
seven years ago, including the name of an Eliot family,
— the ancient quill is not wholly readable to-day, but as
a relic, the page is vaiuable : —
Grant of Land,
To Daniel Fogg, 1682,
at Scarborough, Maine.
17. 3, 1682. We the Select men of Scarbra, do give
and grant 30 acors of land : 'to Daniel Fog : lying above
richard Kendal, in the claims near Anthone Leby's lort,
and 4 acors of Swomp where he nay make choyce of it in
Commons; and 2 acors of eldor Swamp joyning to that
marsh that Mark , now improves.
William Fogg House,
Dr. J. L. M. WILLIS, Editor.
VOL. IX. ELIOT, MAINE, April-June, 1909. No. II.
prsf, Wioztz ©nxx&l) Jaxrnn.
The Electrical Pioneer.
It was sung years ago by a writer of verse :
Some names forever live, —
and one of these names surely may be found in the records
of Kliot. And of this name it was said on a public
occasion : " All Americans shouid feel proud of him to
whom it belonged." The name is, —
Moses Gerrish Farmer,
who, in early manhood, was the Principal of Kliot Acad-
emy ; and in later years, chose this town as his own
pleasant home ; and his grave is with us. His wife also,
widely known, and still remembered for her wonderful
kindliness and sympathy for everybody, was one of our
most renowned daughters ; and will never be forgotten.
Of Moses G. Farmer much has been written : and much
remains to be unfolded and published; and though years
multiply since his departure, yet more and more recog-
nition will be given to his life-works, his wonderful dis-
coveries and inventions, and his singular perception of
electric powers, never before grasped, even by the most
skilful and scientific. A printed paragraph once read :
M Farmer, the embodiment Of mechanical ingenuity,
engineering instinct and electrical insight."
A brief glance at his singular and most genial life, will
give his name and fame fresh revival. And the present
year,— 1909, — brings us to the Fiftieth Anniversary of his
Lighting the First Electric Lamp;
and, sure we are, that the anniversary day will also give
new revelations of his wonderful grasp of wonderful things.
SO - MOSES GERRISH FARMER.
His many records and manuscripts, together with the
printed pages and paragraphs of past years, will, if
searched, give many glimpses of his singular unfoldings
of the powers that had been hidden for ages.
We can give but brief and simple glances :
He was born at Boscawen, N. H. February 9, 1820.
His ancestral lines were of genealogical interest :
Col. Moses Gerrish, of Newberry, whose name he bore,
married Jane Sewall. And Jane was the sister of the
Judge Sewall who presided at the Court that condemne d
the witches. The Sewalls were the ancestors of his mother.
His grandmother Farmer was a Russell, — a lineal de-
scendant of Lord William Russell, whose pathetic excecu-
tion, in the Tower of London, is a page of history ; and
whose saintly wife, the Lady Rachel, was an honor to the
faith and integrity of the true life.
Another member of his ancestral family, was Nathan
Hale, the heroic youthful spy of the Revolution.
His father was Col. John Farmer, of Boscawen, N.' H.
He had large lumber interests, an 1 naturally desired
Moses, his eldest son, to carry them forward;, and at his
death, he thus arranged his estate.
But Moses, the son, had his heart fixed on an academic
and collegiate course. This he expressed to his guardian,
who at once refused to let him have his share of the fath-
er's property. But his mother, with the true perception of
her son's interests, said she would devote her share of the
property to his educational welfare.
His early childhood revealed what his later years
would be :
At four years of age he had learned forty of the hymns
of Watts, (church collection ;) and he made himself a pair
of "wheel skates," and rolled himself over the floor and
along the path. It may have been a foregleam of the
Electric Car, of 1847, that wheeled itself in the Town Hall
of Dover, the city where he then was teaching school.
At nine years of age he 'had mastered," as he expressed
it, Colburn's Arithmetic, the terror of the children of fifty
MOSES GERRISH FARMER. 51
years ago ; and then came Adam's new Arithmetic, and in
two winters he lay that on the shelf. Day's Algebra and
Flint's Surveying came next ; and at twelve years he
could survey fields and measure inaccessible heights.
And at twelve years he entered Boscawen Academy.
At thirteen years he was studying Ferguson's Astronomy
and calculating eclipses; making instruments through
which he could observe them, lying upon his back in an
Allusion has been made to his desire for an Academic
course of study; and after the studies at Boscawen, he
went to fhe widely known Audover school, — the Phillips
Academy. In later years he would smilingly tell of an
innocent carelessness and its results ; and any one who
attended the said schsoi in the years of long ago, will
doubtless have a reviving of similar memories : —
One day Moses failed in the recitation, and was sent to
his room by Dr. Taylor. A little later, Dr. T. came to
the room; and as he drew near, the voice of song, not of
study, greeted his ear. He opened the door and, in his
very impressive and unforgetable voice, said : "Farmer,
you are disappointing the hopes of your best friends."
The youthful student was instantly hushed ; and a
thoughtful breath stole over him ; and as he recalled it in
later years, he said : " That moment was the turning
point of my life."
He made rapid progress at Andover, and entered
Dartmouth in the class of 1840, with the same success in
his course of studies.
After his graduation from Dartmouth, he was prostrated
with typhoid fever, which had a singular effect upon his
musical ability : Previous to this attack he had wondrous
skill at piano and organ ; and also sang a gre^at deal ; but
as the fever left him, he had but slight remembrance of
tunes. And this condition strangely marked the end of
his musical career.
Immediately after his recovery, he became the Principal
of Eliot Academy. Then followed a few years at a school
52 MOSES GBRRISH FARMER.
in Dover, N. H. * And while in Dover, his singular ingen-
uity not only led him to pursue studies of Electric and
Magnetic influence, but he invented novel Window Shades,
that were so eagerly sought for, that he was led to invent
the machine to make them.
And the year following, (1846-7,) he brought to light
the wonderful power and possibility of Electricity as a
motive power, by running a Car in the Dover Town Hall.
Ane yet again, the evenings of the first week in July,
1859, he Lighted the Electric Lamps in his parlor at Salem,
(Pearl street.) And they were evenings of pleasantness
to invited friends. The Mayor of the City and his Coun-
cillors were present the first evening ; wise people looked
with interest upon the results of his wonderful brain. —
And when the first week in July comes, 1909, the Fiftieth
Anniversary of this event will be observed in Salem,
Prof. Dolbear, Ph. D. Tufts College, in 1897, at Green
Acre, the Fiftieth Anniversary of Prof. Farmer's " Demon-
strating the possibility of Utilizing Electricity as a Motive
Power, by running a car in Dover, propelled by that
agent," gave the following list of Prof. Farmer's revela-
tions of the hidden powers. To read them will give the
revelations of the man whose face was once familiar to us,
and whose residence in Eliot was only pleasantness and
gladness to those who frequently met him.
Prof. Dolbear said : —
At 26 years of age, (1846) Prof. Farmer had built an
At 28 he had improved the Telegraph.
At 30 he had invented and constructed the Fire
Alarm system with water-power driven dynamos.
At 35 he had discovered the means for duplex and
At 36, the art of depositing aluminum electrolytically. —
At this age he read a Paper before the American Associa-
tion for the Advancement of Science on Multiplex Tel-
MOSES GERRISH PARMER. 53
At 39 he had lighted his parlor, No. n Pearl St. Salem, "
vith incandescent lamps.
At 44 he had greatly improved thermo-electric generators.
At 46 he had invented the modern dynamo with self-
At 48 he had lighted a house at Cambridge with forty
ucandescent lamps in multiple circuit and self-registering.
[And no wonder Prof. Dolbear added : — ]
1 Let us see to it that Prof. M. G. Farmer be honored as an
American Electrical Pioneer/'
And yet more we glean from Prof. Dolbear :
"There is good reason for believing that the introduc-
ion of the Condenser into telegraph work, which so
norruously increased the working capacity of the line,
pas his invention."
" I can but repeat what was said of him by Gov. Clafflin
>f Massachusetts, who knew him well, — 'He was deserv-
ng or more honor than he ever received.' "
Among the multiplied papers of Prof. Farmer, is the
he letter that conveyed to him the regard and honor of
lis former Collegiate home : —
Dartmouth College, July 30, 1853.
vly Dear Sir :
I have the pleasure to inform you that the
rrustees of this College, at the late Commencement,
•onferred on you the honorary Degree of Master of Arts.
I am, very respectfully,
Your obed't serv't,
VIr. Moses G. Farmer. N. Lord.
The last nine years of Prof. Farmer's active life, were
>pent in the service of the Government as Electrician at
it the U. S. Torpedo Station, Newport, R. I.
His family removed with him to a cottage at the Station,
ind it was a season of good cheer, though remote from the
>ld friends and fellowships.
After nine years atthe Station, he resigned, and the Eliot
54 MOSES GJBRRISH FARMER.
home became the comfort and delight of the household.
But sorrows came. His wife departed this life; — after
y.ears of scattering kindness and goodness to everybody,
and winning the love of the rich, the poor, the happy souls
and the sorrowing ones, she was with inexpressible grief
laid upon the pillow of the grave. Her departure was
June 27, 189:.
Prof. Farmer, though frail in body, w r ent, with his
daughter, to Chicago on a visit, where he died, May 25,
1893, — sixteen years ago. He fell asleep with a smile on
his face, and a gentle grasp of his daughter's hand.
His coffined body was brought to Boston. At Dr. Hale's
church there were services, three clergymen beside Dr, H.
participating. The honorary Pall-bearers were :
Commodore Thomas O. Selfridge, U. S. N. Command-
ant, Boston Navy Yard ;
Mr. Franklin Leonard Pope, New York ;
Prof. B. A. Gould, Astronomer of the Argentine Re-
Prof. Elihu Thomson, of Lynn ;
Mr. Charles F. Washburn, of Worcester ;
Mr. Horatio G. Parker, — Prof. Farmer's classmate at
Mr. J. G. Thorpe, Cambridge ;
Mr. Frank Wilson, representing the Commercial
At the close of the Church services, the sorrowing ones
conveyed the remains to the Eliot home; and the grave
received him. The family lot in the grounds of the
Bittersweet home is the resting place of Prof. Farmer and
the widely loved wife; and not a summer rolls by but
the memories of the sacred spot revive, and flowers are
EARLY HANSCOMS. 55
Hanscoms of the Long Ago.
Copied from a Note Book.
oh Hanscom, weaver of Kittery, —
sells to Thomas Hanscom, his nephew, the "Eldest Son
\ my Brother, Thomas Hanscom, late of Kittery, dec'd, —
Ye house & lands of Thomas Hanscom, my father, Late
( Kittery, dec'd, with all ye priviledges & appurtenances
lere unto belonging, with ye revercon & revercons, re-
tainder and remainders, rents, Issues & profits there of,
'o have & To hold unto him, ye sd Thomas Hanscom,"
:c, — and on the 17th of February, Moses Hanscom con-
eyed also "forever, all my rights" in the same property
) the sd Thomas Hanscom, eldest son of my brother
'honias, late of Kittery, dec'd.
1706-7, March 2, Tobias Hanscom, of Dover, son-in-law
t Martha Lord, of Kittery.
1717, Moses and Samuel Hanscom witness a deed of
braham Morrell of Kittery,
Reconed, 2d Augst, 1688, with Mr. Robert Eliot, on ye
reat Island, and there rest due to him from me, Thomas
[anscom, Sen'r, ye Sum of Seventeen pounds, Twelve
lillings. Test : Nicho. Heskins.
There is also due to Mr. Eliot, on my ..Son Thomas
[anscom, Jun'r, his Acco't, ye Sum of four pounds,
Recorded According to ye Original, April 16th, 1714.
p : Jos : Hammond, Reg.
Thomas Hanscom, Sen'r, hath Credit on Mr. Robert
Hot's Book, for 30 ps. Timb'r, fetcht by Mr. Nathan'll
ryer, about Novemb'r, 1688. Contents, Twenty Eight
unns of pine Timb'r. ' Test. Nicho. Heskins.
Recorded According to ye Original,
April 16, 1714.
Jan. 31, 1717. Samuel Hanscom, wit. Deed of Gift, —
'lexand'r Dennett to his son Eben'r Dennett, Kittery.
March 24, 1717-18. Nicholas Shapleigh, "son and heire
56 EARTHY HANSCOMS.
Surviveiug of my late father, John Shapleigh, sells to Mr.
Erooks, lands bounded by Moses Hanscom, et als, near to
ye road that goes from Capt'n Leighton's to Sturgeon
May 13, 1718. Sam'l Hanscom witnesses deed of sale of
land, of Thomas Knight to John Dennet, both of Kittery.
Samuel Hanscom witnesses deed of sale of land, Joseph
Nelson, Kittery, to Paul Wentworth, Dover, 1717.
Sam'l Hutchins to Withers Berry, 1719. Witness, Moses
Daniel Green to Joseph Hammond, Indenture, 1719.—
Samuel Hanscom, witness. It was land "Butting on
Piscataqua river, on ye South west," — part by ye Cove
behind ffranks ffort ; & in part ye Land of Thomas
Hannah Hanscom, grandaughter of Charles Nelson, now
deceased. October 10, 1719.
Daniel ffogg, jr. Ann?, my wife, being one ye Daught'rs
and Coheirs of Thomas Hanscom, late of Kittery, dec'd,
rec'd of Thomas Hanscom, our brother, — Quitclaimed
unto him, &c.
David Libbey, jr., married Esther Hanscom, daughter
of Thomas Hanscom and sister of Thomas Hanscom, jr.,
and grandaughter of Thomas Hanscom. 17*9-
Tobey. The first person by the lame of .Tobey, who
resided in Eliot, was James Tobey, son of Thomas Tobey.
Thomas migrated from England to Long Island about
1640. He eventually settled at Sandwich, Cape Cod.
James Tobey the son, was born in Sandwich, and came
to Eliot about 1675. His home was near Franks Fort.
Mett$\a$t% i CDptBb fcvm t&lvsi Hscorba.
1810. Eliot Incorporated as a Town.
June 2. EHakim Staples and Mary Neal, of Eliot.
June 14. Thomas Worster and Dorcas Ferguson, Eliot.
July 6, William Mclntire of York and Hannah
Leighton, of Eliot.
September 17, William Kennard of Boston and
"Margery Leighton, of Eliot.
October 20, Samuel Davis and Eunice Whittum, of Eliot.
October 28, Thomas Hanscom and Abigail Foster, of Eliot
December 2, Capt. Charles Frost and Sarah Johnson,
both of Eliot.
December 18, Josiah Williams of Kittery and Maria Shaw
January 28th, John Russell and Olive Goodwin, Eliot.
January 31. Moses Wherang and Love Paul, of Eliot.
April 10, Samuel Spinney and Nancy Staples, of Eliot.
May 4, Tobias Shapleigh and Betsey Shapleigh, of Eliot.
May 31, John Nason, of Berwick, and Apphia Hanscom
September 30, Samuel Tetherly and Olive Spinney, Eliot
October 10, Joseph Hussey, of Barrington, and Nancy
Octobe 13, Simeon Emery and Lydia Emery, Eliot.
November 20, Joseph Frost and Dorcas Bartlett, Eliot.
Nov'r 20, Samuel Roberts of Alfred and Patience
• Ferguson, of Eliot.
November 29, Nath'l Clark, Philipsburg, and Betsey
February 2, John Merrill of New Salem, and Hannah
Hill, of Eliot. *
May 24, Charles Hodson, Portsmouth, and Harriet
Staples, Eliot. -
May 31, Oliver Trevett, of Bath, and Sophia Eeighton of
June 11, Stephen Hanscom and Abigail Garland, Eliot.
August 10, Mark Rernick and Miriam Rait, Eliot.
August 16, Jacob Morrell and Sally Bartlett, Eliot.
October 11, Joseph Grover, of York, and Dorcas
November 14, Samuel Welch and Sally Spinney, Eliot.
December 24, Hugh Kenison, jr. and Sarah Bartlett, Eliot.
February 9, Morris Goodwin and Dorcas Paul, Eliot. "
April 8, James Warren and Catherine Nutter, Eliot.
April 8, Richard Shapleigh and Olive Tobey, Eliot.
May 2, Joseph Welch, of York, and Phcebe Furbish, Eliot.
June 13, Nath'l Paul and Eydia Kennard, Eliot.
September 26, Jonathan Leighton and Sally Knight, Eliot.
Oct. 14, Dr. Caleb Emery and Mary Ann "Chandler, Eliot.
Oct. 21, Theophilus Simpson and Abigail Goodwin, Eliot.
Oct. 2i, Dea. Jeremiah Lovett, of York, and Sally
Oct. 24th, Isaac Remick, jr. and Mary Staple, Eliot.
Nov. 4, James Cook, of York, and Maria Simpson, Eliot.
Nov. 4, Timothy Spinney and Sarah Hammond, Eliot.
Nov. 14, Htzekiah Staple and Mary Witham, Eliot.
Nov. 25, Theodore Stover and Hannah Thompson,
both of York.
Nov. 28, George Pierce, of Portsmouth, and Susan Frye,
January 28th, William Hanson, of Dover, and Hannah
Simpson, of Eliot.
February 10, Daniel Abbot, of Berwick, and Betsey
W T orkman, of Kittery.
March 17, Samuel Kennard and Mary Fogg, Eliot.
April 10, James Hubbard and Sally Paul, Eliot.
April 11, Reuben Woodward, of Boston, and Lucretia
Berdeen, of Eliot.
EUOT MARRIAGES. 59
1 8 14 continued.
April 17, Nicholas Scammond and Sally Frost, Eliot.
May 2, George T. Patch, of Kittery, and Statira Black,
June 23. Horace Remick and Mary W. Hammond, Eliot.
August 7. Nath'l Hanscom, 3d, Mary Shapleigh, Eliot.
September 14, Jonathan Ranlet, of Farmington, and
Nancy Pettegrew, of Eliot.
November 29, James Bartiett of Portsmouth, and Eucy
Knowlton, of Eliot.
November 29, Andrew Leighton and Sally Odiorn, Eliot.
December t, Thomas L-ibbey and Sophia Hodsdon, Eliot.
December 1, Alfred Tetherly and Hannah Staples, Eliot.
December 5, Joseph Paul, of York, and Mary J. Frost,
January 1, John B. Haley, of Portsmouth and Sally Fry
February 20, William Scammon and Lois Woodman
March 15, Samuel Bradbury of York and Sally Hervel
March 20, David Furbish and Mary Fry, Eliot.
April 6, John Rait, jr. and Anna Marsh, Eliot.
May 20.' Nath'- Adams of Newington and Lydia Tobey
June 8. Benjamin Brown of Wakefield, and Alice
Dixon, of Eliot.
June n. Joseph Wherren and Eavina Paul, Eliot.
July 2. Joseph Caul, of Kittery, and Elisabeth Black
October 5. Capt. Richard Keating, of Portland, and
'Miranda Emerson, of York.
October 15. William Scriggins and Mary Buzzel, Enot.
October 23. Benjamin Randall, of Portsmouth, and
Elizabeth Remick, Eliot
December 17, John Tuttle and Sally Staple, Eliot.
December 24. Samuel Sherive, of Portsmouth, and
Caroline Scriggins, of Eliot.
December 29. Daniel Brooks, jr. and Elizabeth
February 21. William Morrell and Mary Emery, -KHot.
March 21. Joseph Smith and Mary Nason, Eliot.
May 28. Timothy Remick and Sarah Ripley, Eliot.
July 23. John Dennett, of Kittery, and Sh'uah Ferguson,
of Eliot. '
October 25. William Baitlett and Hannah Neal, Eliot.
November 23. William Tophers, of Kittery, and
Lucy Scriggins, Eliot.
December 5. John Hammond, jr. of Eliot, and
Mary B. Paul, of Berwick.
January 2. Nath'l Knowlton and Rosanna Goodwin, Eliot
January 8. Meshech Thorey and Polly Shackley, both
January 23d. Jonathan Drew and Sarah Quint,
February 6. Jotham Woodman, Sarah Shapleigh, Eliot.
May 20. Alpheus Hanscom and Mary Libbey, Eliot.
May 22. William Randel and Patience Ricker, Eliot.
June 5. Daniel P. Hammond and Sally S. Remick, Eliot
June 29. Nathan Ferguson and Ann Goodwin, Eliot.
July 10. David Libbey jr. and Betsey Hanscom, Eliot.
August 8. Charles Fernald and Mary Libbey, Eliot.
December 11. By Caleb Emery, Esq. Noah Emery of
Eliot and Lydia Racliff, of Portsmouth.
December 29. By Rev. SamM Chandler, Charles Parsons
of York, and Martha Fernald, Eliot.
March 6. By Alfred Medcalf, Ira Paul of Eliot, and
Mary G. Pickering, of Newington.
May 7. Timothy Pettegrew, of Eliot, and Sally Downing
\s 14. William Remick and Dorcas Kennard, Eliot.
ly 9. Jonathan Hanscom and Olive Ann Paul, Eliot.
pt. 10. Charles Spinney Kittery, Eucy Staples, Eliot.
tober 8. Eben'r Bartlett and Alice L,ibbey, Eliot.
nuary 4. Abel Parker and Iyucy Tetherly, Eliot.
nuary 7. By Rev. Samuel Chandler, —
Oliver Hanscom and Miriam Spinney, Eliot.
: b. 9. Capt. Nath'l Hanscom, Abigail Fernald, Eliot,
arch 10, By Stephen Neal, Esq., —
Eeby J. Shapleigh, Eliot, Mary Paul, York,
arch 10. James W. Shapleigh, Hannah Eee Chandler,
arch 21. Richard Neal and Betsey Goodwin, Eliot,
pril 6. By Joseph Thompson, Esq. —
William Smith and Eunice Davis, Eliot,
pril 25. By Rev. Sam'l Chandler,
Alpheus Hanscom and Joanna Stacey. Eliot,
ay 18th. James Shapleigh and Statira M. Remick.
me 3. John R. Hill and Honora Remick.
ily 21. Ebenezer Fry, jr. and Honora Hanscom, Eliot,
ug. 6. Richard Shapleigh, Lebanon, Shuah Ferguson,
cto. 14, Charles Tetherly, Rebecca P. Spinney 1 ; Eliot,
ct. 17. Henry Nutter and Hannah Marriner, Eliot,
ovember 27. Oliver Butler, South Berwick, and
Abba V. Odiorne, Eliot. ~
inuary 10. Samuel Cater and Pamelia Paul, Eliot,
ebruary 10. Stephen Greene, Newcastle, and
Mary Leighton, Eliot,
ay 3. James Hanscom and Katherine Hammond, Eliot,
'ay 7. George Dorr of Milton, and Jane Frost, Eliot,
ay 24. William Cole and Polly Brooks, Eliot,
une 2. Capt John Frisbie, Kittery, and Sally Feguson,
une 5. Elisha H. Gilman, of Brownfield, and Laura
Hammond, of Eliot.
June 8. William Hanscom, jr. and Nancy Remick, [Eliot.
July 5. Nath'l Hanscom, jr. and Betsey Fernald, Eliot.
August 8. Nath'l S. Bartlett and Sarah Kennison, Eliot.
October 2. George Raitt and Eliza Hamilton, Eliot.
October 3. Daniel Knight and Nancy Remick, Eliot.
Nov'r 28. Benjamin Welch and Mira Spinney, Eliot.
Nov'r 29. Capt. Wentworth Fernald, Kittery, and
Miriam Staples, Eliot.
December 7. Joseph Hammond, 3d and Sally Frost, Eliot
December 10, Samuel Hanscom and Maria Paul, Eliot.
January 16. James Libbey and Jane Libbey, Eliot.
January 25. Thaniel Frost and Hannah Furbish, Eliot.
February 8. Henry Card, Dover," and Abigail Lord, Eliot.
February 20. John Hanscom and Ann Hanscom, Eliot.
February 22. James Knowlton and Isabel Tobey, Eliot.
March 15. Thales Downing and Sally Wallingford, Eliot
April 12th. Ceasar Whidden, Portsmouth, and Jerusha
May 7. Robert Ham, of Dover, and Theodosia Gould,
June 16. William Fogg and Betsey D. Hill, Eliot.
October 22. Ralph S. Jordan, of Kenebunkport, and
Abigail Leighton, Eliot.
November 22. Samuel Brooks, 4th, and Emeline
December 20. Arthur Pettigrevv and Nancy Schriggen,
December 23. Oliver Clark and Pardina H. Fry, Eliot.
December 27. Joseph Newell and Ann Preble, both York
Dec. 27, Edward Staples, jr. and Hannah Brooks, Eliot.
January 17. Joseph Nutter and Lydia Paul, Eliot.
January 31. James Staples, Eliot, Mary Downing, of
Feb. 19. Dependence Frost, Jemima L. Goodwin, Eliot. ■
Feb. 24. John P. Rogers, Elisabeth H. Hammond, Eliot.
April 7. Charles P. Spinney and Ann R. Remick, Eliot.
April 17. Thomas Shapleigh and Mary Hammond, Eliot.
April 17. Eenj. Spinney and Mary Pettigrow, Eliot.
May 3. James P. Fry and Abigail T. Varney, Eliot.
June T5. William Odiorn and Olive Praitt, Eliot.
June 27. Samuel Kenison and Mary P. Spinney, Eliot.
July 21. Moses Goodwin and Alice Shapleigh, Eliot.
August 12. Nathaniel Wentworth, of Dover, and
Lydia Lord, of Eliot.
October 19. Asa Brooks and Abigail Tobey> Eliot.
November 12. Simon Staples, jr. and Sally Varney, Eliot
January 7. John Davis and Hannah Parsons, Eliot.
March 20. Henry Dixon and Fanney Spiuney. Eliot.
April 27. Oliver Remick and Isabel S. Shores, Eliot.
May 12. Joseph Nutter and Abigail Paul, Eliot.
May 18. By Jona'n Hammond, Esq. Tobias Fernald and
Lucy Paul, both of Kittery.
August. John Raitt and Betsey Ferguson, Eliot.
Aug. 24. Capt. William Hammond and Mary Paul, Eliot
Oct. 19. Thomas Libbey and Sarah Hammond, Eliot.
Oct. 30. Henry Meloon, of Newcastle, and Mary
Staple, of Eliot.
Nov'r 15. WilHam Varney, and Martha Remick, Eliot.
January 6. Wm. Varney and Martha Remick, Eliot.
January 22. Ichabod Jenkins, of York, and Eunice K.
Varney, of Eliot.
February 9, Ebenezer Simpson, of Saco, and Lucy
Simpson, of Eliot.
March 4, Archelaus Trefethern, of Kittery, and Mary
Spinney, of Eliot.
April 4. William Randall and Elisabeth Shapleigh, Eliot
April 4. Francis Spinney and Mary R. Paul, Eliot.
July 25. John Staples and Martha Scriggins, Eliot.
Sept. 5. Daniel Furbish and Lucy L. Smith, Eliot.
Nov'r 4. Washington Remick and Betsey Leighton, Eliot
1824 continued .
Nov'r 18. Remington Hutchius, of Kittery, and
Mary Jane Wherren, of Eliot.
December 8. Wm. Spinney and Susan Pettegrow, Eliot.
Dec. 27. Capt. Samuel Woodman and Esther Spinney;
January 9. James h. Paul and Sally Seavey, Eliot.
January 13. Stephen Seavey, Portsmouth, Lucy Spinney,
March 23. John Goodwin and Mary E. Hill, Eliot.
March 27. Joel Moore, of York, Susannah Frost, Eliot.
April 17. Thomas Knight, jr. and Lydia Staples, Eliot.
April 24. John Lunday and Mary Remick, Eliot.
April 27. Thomas Hammond and Rosean Goodwin, Eliot
April 28. Capt. Joseph Hill and Eliza Hammond, Eliot.
May 20. George J. Smirt, of Portsmouth, and
and Mary Staples, of Eliot.
July 4. By Stephen Neal, Esq. —
Enoch Emery and Rhoda Staples, Eliot.
July 17. By Rev. Samuel Chandler, —
Samuel Hanscom and Elisabeth Shapleigh,
Japhet Emery and Hannah Leighton, Eliot
November 8. Joshua W. Kenney, of New Orleans, and
Hannah Knowlton, Eliot.
November 20. Abram E. Dixon and Statira M. Spinney,
[Nov. 15, 1823, should read] John Simpson and Mary
Emery, of Eliot.
December 23. Ivory Shapleigh and Sarah Chick, Eliot.
December 25. Shadrach Weymouth, of Newburyport,
and Sally Carter, Eliot.
December 26. Nath'l Kennard and Miriam Fogg, Eliot.
January 3. Diamond Tetherly and Jane Hammond, Eliot
January 5. Washington Brooks and Eliza Ann Skriggins
lary 20. Timothy Manson, Kittery, and
Margaret Staples, Eliot,
uary 11. Noah Randall and Katherine Martin, Eliot
uary 23. Hall Ham, of Dover, Sarah Furbish, Eliot.
:h 23. By Joseph Thompson, Esq., Arthur Caull, of
York, and Olive Emery, Eliot.
1 14. Thomas B. White, of Newcastle, and
Julia Staples, of Eliot.
1 29. Robert Martin, Dover, Martha Spinney. Eliot.
. 25. Thomas Chick and Catherine Emery, Eliot.
29. William Davis and Nancy H. Staples, Eliot.
30. By William Fogg, Justice of the Peace, —
James Tobey, jr. Mary Jane Remick, Eliot
. 12. Henry B. Manson Kittery, Hannah Seavey, Eliot
. 16. Chas. Lang, Stratham, Lucy Ann Hammond "
7. By Moses Hammond, Esq.
James Blaisdell, Lucy Mclntyre, both of York.
*3- Josjah Spinney, Kittery, Clarissa Knight, Eliot
17. John Fernald, Barrington, Sarah Ann Paul, Eliot
30. Parker Foster and Sally Foster, Eliot.
uary 4. Joseph Goold and Rosanna Goold, Eliot,
uary 7. James Rogers and Rachel Libbey, Eliot.
:h 8. Simon Spinney, of Eliot, and
Olive Grover, of Portsmouth.
:hi5. By Moses Hammond, Esq.,
Thomas Locke and Edna Grover, both of York.
tary 9. By Rev. Charles Baker :
John Field and Miriam Raitt, Eliot.
Lary 13. By Rev. Charles Baker, —
Dudley Wiggin, Somersworth, N. H. and
Mehitable Lord, Eliot,
lary 20. Elias Remick, and Caroline Shapleigh, Eliot
lary 21. Nathan Junkrns, Hannah Hauscom, Eliot
uary 10. Wm. D. Fernald and Mehitable Odiornc,
both of Kittery.
February 28. Moses Libbey of Somersworth, and
Huldah Lankton, of Eliot.
Feb. 24. Daniel Odiorne, jr. Sarah C. Kitterege, Eliot.
March 6. John R. Hanscom, Caroline Hammond, Eliot.
May 6. By Rev. Samuel Chandler :
Wm. Fernald, Kittery, Sarah Ann Hanscom, Eliot.
May 4. Washington Leach and Olive Ann Foster, Eliot.
May. 5. Thomas Chick, jr. Louisa Lord, Eliot.
May 30. Avah N. Rugg, of Portsmouth, and
Olive Ann Brooks, of Eliot.
June 2. Edmund Haggens, jr. and
Mary Ann Hamilton, of South Berwick.
July 27. William Hanscom, 3d, and Eunice Seavey, Eliot
Sept. 3. Mark Spinuey and Eliza Spinney, Eliot.
September 26. Samuel Burleigh, jr. of Lee, and
and Lydia Kennard, of Eliot.
September 29. Reuben Winchell, of Somersworth, and
Sally Fernald, of Eliot.
October 10, Levi Brooks and Shuah Leach, Eliot.
Oct. 24. James Shipleigh, 3d. and.Lavia Remick, Eliot.
November 17. By Rev. Oliver Barrow, of Wells :
Thomas C. Bartlett, of Eliot, and
Ann Donnell, of Wells, Maine.
November iS. By Rev. Justin Spalding:
John Langly, of York, and Sirena Field, Eliot .
Dec. 7. Ebenezer Plaistcd, South Berwick, and
Eunice En:ery, Kliot.
December n. Oliver Paul and Mary P. Toby, Eliot.
December 13. James Paul, jr. and Abigail Libbey, Eliot.
Dec. 16. Capt. Caleb Frost and Mrs. Jane Libbey, Eliot.
Dec. 19. Timothy Knight and Mary Ann Pinder, Eliot.
December 21. Abner Cole, Eliot, Esther Spinney, Kittery
January 1. Abraham S. Jackson, of Portsmouth and
Olive Witham, of Eliot.
Charles Willey, of Portsmouth, and
Frances Libbey, of Eliot.
January 25. Joseph Goold and Betsey Goold, Eliot.
February 8. Ebenezer Fry, jr. Elisabeth Tucker, Eliot.
I May 3. By William Hammond, Justice of the Peace :
Richard F. Dunn, of Kittery, and
Mary Dixon, of Eliot.
June 2. William Adams and Mercy Blaisdell, of York.
November 12. Joseph Fisk, jr. Lexington, Mass.,
and Mary Kennard, of Eliot.
Nov. 26. By Justin Spalding, "minister of the gospel,"
Benj. Ferguson and Mary C. Piper, Eliot.
Nov. 26. William R. Dickson and Mary E. Cole, Eliot.
Nov. 3. Timothy Mclntire and Sally Thompson,
both of York, "duly joined by J. Spalding."
December 27. Isaiah Shorey, South Berwick, and
Patience Parsons, Eliot.
June 6. John H. Fernald and Polly Cole, Eliot.
May 29. By Rev. Justin Spalding, —
Dr. Oliver A. Jones and widow Mary Ann
Fernald, both of Eliot.
Dec. 15. By E. F. Newell, Ichabod Bickford, of Ports-
mouth and Susan F. James, Eliot.
;Dec. 20. John Fernald, of Kittery, and Sarah Ann,
May 15. By Rev. Josiah F. Hawes, —
Edward Rand, Boston, Caroline Paul, Eliot.
May 19. By Rev. Stephen Merrill, of Kittery, —
John Paul and Sally Hanscom, of Eliot.
June 27. Levi Cole and Elisabeth W. Hanscom, Eliot.
Sept. 16. John Moody, Lebanon, Mary Jane Libbey, Eliot
Nov. 14. Wm. H. Peters, Dover, Lydia Fry, Eliot.
Oct. 13. Thomas F. Brooks and Catherine Tobey, Eliot.
Oct. 20. James Spinney, jr. and Ann W. Brooks.
Nov. 7. Robert Nason and Hannah Chick.
Nov. 15. Charles Spinney, jr. and Lucy Hanscom.
Nov. 24. Jotham Woodman, of Eliot and
Margaret Witherson, South Berwick.
68 _ MARRIAGES.
February 9. Joel Hanscom and Elisabeth Pierpont, Eliot
June 1. Benj. F. Emery, Esq. of Berwick
and Sophia Jenkins of Somersworth.
June 6. William L. Kennard and Elisabeth Frost.
September 29. John W Tucker, of Rye, and
and Katherine Fogg, of Eliot.
December 6. Parker Foster, and
Mrs. Lois Thompson, Eliot.
. December 25. Alpheus Staples and Mary Welch, Eliot.
February 10. Nicholas Spinney and Eleanor Cole, Eliot.
May 12. By Rev. Ferris Fitch : —
Reuben Frost and Eliza Ann Cole, Eliot.
Oct. 19. Eben'r Raines of Milton, and
Ann Maria Fernald, Eliot.
Dec. 26. George Rogers of Palmyra and
Mary Elisabeth Spinney, Eliot.
February 20. Sebastian. S. Hubbard, Concord, N. H.
and Mary E. Staples, Eliot.
April 27. Thomas Rue, Portsmouth, and
Mary Ann Leighton, of Eliot.
June 12. Joseph W. Staples and Louisa Wherren.
One hundred and twenty of the foregoing marriages were
solemnized by the Rev. Samuel Chandler.
Intentions of Marriage, and the date of Publishment:
January 13. David Ladstone, Eliot, and Almira Freeman
Aprtl 1. John Rogers, of Eliot, Martha Bean, Bangor.
Aprit 13. Stephen Paul, Eliot, and Mary A. Pickering,
May 24. Isaac Libby. jr. and Sarah Elisabeth Russell,
both of Eliot.
June 8. Joshua Grafton, of Somersworth, N. H and
Eliza A. Morgan, Eliof.
i834> Publishments, continued,
August 17. Nath'l Goodwin and Olive G. Russell, Eliot.
August 31. Hiram Goold, Eliot, and Lydia Burnham,
S o me rs worth, N. H.
I Sept. 7. Joel Woodman and Sally Spinney, Eliot.
J Sept. 7. James A. Brooks and Eliza Jane Dixon, Eliot.
Sept. 21. John H. Varney and Belinda Staples, Eliot.
Sept. 27. David Spinney, jr. and Nancy Frye, Eliot.
November 1. Jeremiah I,ibbey Julia F. Hammond, Eliot
January 8. Jacob Shorey, Eliot, and Jane Key, Berwick.
February 15. Joshua Emery and Sarah Jones, Eliot.
February 21. William Frye, Mehitable Wilkinson, Eliot.
" Jeremiah Varney, Eliot, and
Margaret Tibbetts, Great Falls.
March 29. John Staples, of Eliot, and
Mary Ann Andrews, Berwick.
June. Parker Fernald, Kittery, Lydia H. Tuttle, Eliot,
jjuly 12. Alexander R. Shapleigh, Susan Remick, Eliot.
I July 19. Lyman Spinney and Lydia Staples, Eliot.
I August 1. John Frost and Jane Graham, Eliot.
August 20. William Plaisted, South Berwick, and
Louisa Jane Frye, Eliot.
August 29, Isaiah Hanscom and Sarah Cutts Frost, Eliot
September 28. Elias Staples, Eliot, and
Rebecca H. Remick, of Kittery.
October 4. Daniel L. Rollins, Somersworth, N. H.
and Martha Jane Shapleigh, Eliot.
October 18. Stephen Hanscom, jr. Olive Hanscom, Eliot.
Nov'r 1. John Tetherly, jr. Thankful Hanscom, Eliot.
Nov'r 4. Ivory Bridges, York, and Phebe Varney, Eliot.
Nov'r 8. John Smith, jr. Pittston, Mary E. Stacy, Eliot.
Nov. 29. Dependence Shapleigh and Jane Goodwn, Eliot
Dec'r 13. John H. Ferguson, Eliot, and
Mary H. Meserve, Berwick.
i836. Publishments continued :
January 27. William Fernald, of Kittery, and
Miriam Spinney, oj Eliot.
February 14. JohnTuttle, Mrs. Ann R. Spinney, Eliot.
March 13. Asa Goodwin, of Eliot, and
Mary Ann Newell, of Somersworth.
April 13. Joseph Davis, of Portsmouth, and
Roxana Tetherly, of Eliot.
June 26. Daniel Goodwin, of Bangor, and
Jane H. Libbey, of Eliot.
June 26. Ivory Goodwin, of Bangor, and
Elisabeth Hill, of Eliot.
July 17. Otis Wakefield, of Reading, Mass. and
Abigail. T. Hammond, of Eliot.
September 17. Asa Gowen, Charleston, Maine, and
Mary Jane Emery, Eliot.
Nov'r 6. Elisha Grover, of Eliot, and
Adaline S. Moulton, of York.
William H. Hammond, of Boston, and
Mary Jane Hanscom, of Eliot.
Nov'r 7. Benjamin Sherburn, of Somersworth, and
Hannah Jane Worcester, of Eliot.
i83 7 .
February 1st. Hiram Field, Eliot, and
Sally Langley, of Somersworth.
"February 19. James Jenkins, of Eliot, and
Melvina D. Dolloff, Somersworth, N. H.
February 26. Alexander Jenkins, of Berwick, and
Elisabeth L,. Staples, of Eliot.
March 12. Martin P.* Paul and Olive S. Dixon, Eliot.
April 23. Oliver Grant, Berwick, Constant Chick, Eliot.
April 30. John Field, Portsmouth, Sarah Frye, Eliot.
May 14. Jacob Willey, Kittery, Eliza Ann Brooks, Eliot.
July 23. Wm. D. Spinney, Eliot, Mary C. Linscot, York
August 6. Simon Staples, 3d, and Loiza Field, Eliot.
August 20. Isaac Frost and Judith Odiorne, Eliot.
1837. PublisJwients continued.
September 9. Daniel Bartlett, jr. and
Placentia Odiorne, Eliot.
J September 24. Francis Frost, and Sally H. Raitt, Eliot.
September 24. Wm. Hanscom, 4th. of Eliot, and
Hannah M. Truman, of York.
September 24. Jeremiah Butling, Charleston, Maine.
and Anne Foster, of Eliot.
October 22. Alexander Libbey and Deborah Chick. Eliot
October 29. James Remick. and Abigail Wilkinson, Eliot
Oct. 29. Charles Cole and Mary Elisabeth Witham, Eliot
Nov'r5. Alexander R. Tobey, Clarissa Paul, Eliot.
Nov'r 12. Caleb E. Chick and Nancy H. Spinney, Eliot.
December 10. Samuel Grover and Mary Ann Jolley, Eliot.
Dec. 24. Albert Paul, Eliot, Sally R. Shapleigh, Kittery.
Dec. 31. Alexander Smith and Sarah Keating, Eliot.
January 7. William J. Paul, Eliot, and
Elisabeth A. Pickering, of Portsmouth.
Jan. 21. Paul Garvin, Somersworth, and
Sarah Ann Hanscom, Eliot.
February n. Nathan McKenney, Portsmouth,
Caroline Spinney, Eliot.
April 15. Levi J. Shapleigh and Mary Goodwin, Eliot.
May 6. Dennis Ferguson, South Berwick, and
Mary A. Shapleigh, Eliot.
May 19. Oliver Lord, Eliot, Mary D. Wiggin, Dover.
June 3. Hammond Libbey and Ann Maria Fogg, Eliot.
July 29. Nathan L. Goodwin and Betsey Ferguson.
Sept. 9. Elisha Hammond, Eliot, and
Elisabeth Ann Fernald, of Kittery.
October 21. John Nelson, and Lucy Ann Cole, Eliot.
November 4. Thomas Cottle and Mary E. Dixon, Eliot.
November 10. David Williams and Louisa Grover, Eliot.
November 24. Geo. H. Nelson and Irena Welch, Eliot.
December 9. Abraham Brooks, Mary G. Brooks, Eliot.
1839 Publishments continued.
January 13. Moses Paul, jr. and Sarah J. Retnick, Eliot.
February 3. Anthony Martin, jr ( Dnrham, N. H.
Sarah Jane Johnson, Eliot.
June 2. John Matthews, of Hallowell, and
Mrs. Ann W. Spinney, Eliot.
June 16. David Spinney, jr. and Abigail Foster, Eliot.
June 23. Ivory Shapleigh and Louisa Staples, Eliot.
June 23. John C. Staples, Eliot, and
Alice Parsonage, Portsmouth, N. H.
July 1. Washington Pickering, Portsmouth, and
Mary Paul, Eliot.
July 28. John Jones, Somersworth, N. H.
and Mary Worster, Eliot.
August n. Caleb S. Frost aud Sarah A. Bracey, Eliot.
August 25. Leonard Spinney, Boston, and
Martha E. Hill, Eliot.
August 25. Timothy D. Vincent, Delevan, Illinois,
Elisabeth S. Emery, Eliot.
Sept'r 1 Dr. Horace D. Vincent and
Sarah Jane Paul, Eliot.
September 8. Alpheus H. Brooks, of Eliot,
and Clarissa A. D. Quint, Newington, N. H.
Sept. 8. Washington Leavitt, York, and
Susan Hanscom, Eliot.
January 19. Wm. D. M. Rogers, Mary Hammond, Eliot.
April 26. Payson G. Dyer, Boston, Sophia Leighton, Eliot
May 10. William Remick and Elisabeth Brooks, Eliot.
June 3. Alexander Wilson, of York, and
Mary A. Jenkins, Eliot.
June 7. Jeremiah L. Spinney and Caroline Staples, Eliot
June 24. Eliot Emery and Temperance Emery, Eliot.
July 5. Francis Spinney, jr. Elisabeth Freeman, Eliot.
Aug. 9. Thos. C. Stacey and Sarah Hubbard, Eliot.
Aug. 9. John Stacey of Eliot, and
Maiy H. Gardner, of Berwick.
1840, Publishments \ continued.
August 16. Asa A. Hill, of Eliot, and
Olive B. Freeman, of York.
August 20. Isaac Libbey, Eliot, and
Mary Neal, South Berwick.
September 20. Edwin Paul, Eliot, and
Patience Smith, York.
September 27. George A. Hammond, Eliot,
Betsey W. Huntress, Centreville, Mass.
October 22. Joseph Crosby, Portsmouth, and
Nancy Fry, Eliot.
November T5. Mark F. Lewis, Kittery, and
Nancy Staples, Eliot.
December 13. John Odiorne, Eliot, and
Emily Adams, Portsmouth.
December 20. William Simpson, Susan Johnson, Eliot.
December 27. Benjamin Simpson, Eliot, and
Lucy Crodofor, of Wells.
The marriage of Joseph Crosby, of Portsmouth, and
Nancy Fry, of Eliot, was solemnized, Nov. 30, 1840, by
Rev. Ivory Kimball.
Married by Reverend Ivory Kimball :
August 8, 1841. Moses Goodwin, jr. and
November 10. Horatio Bird, Springfield, Mass. and
Caroline D. Nason, Eliot.
Nov'r 14. Edward Spinney and Jane Whitham, Eliot.
. Nov'r 25. Ichabod Cole and Mary K. Tetherly, Eliot.
Dec'r 23. Lyman Staples and Mary Jane Brooks, Eliot.
By Rev. John Rice :
April 7. Daniel Lord and Mary M. Siuclair, Eliot.
April 7. Chandler Brooks, Eliot, and
Sarah B. Kingsbury, York.
May 1. Wm. H. Swett, Mary P. P. Carpenter, Portland.
1 842. Co7itinued.
By Rev. Ivory Kimball.
April 17. Oliver T. Leighton, Eliza Jane Brooks, Eliot.
April 24. Moses Libbey and Mrs. Leach, Eliot.
Oct'r 17. Benj. Cram, Boston, Elisabeth Leighton, Eliot.
By Rev. Josiah B. Clark :
Oct'r 30. Samuel Cole and Sarah Ann Tetherly, Eliot.
By Rev. John Rice :
Dec'r 18. Benjamin Tetherly, Eliot, and
Elisabeth Davis, Portsmouth.
By Rev. Jesse Herriman :
Oct. 23. Cyrus Fernald and Olive Mason, both of Kittery.
Oct. 26. John Russell and Mary Kennison, Eliot. ,
Nov'r 6. James Goodwin, jr. and Abigail T. Paul, Eliot.
Nov. 17. Wm. Lord, Boston, Lucy Ann Ferguson, Eliot.
Nov. 30. John Smith, of York, and Jane Paul, of Eliot.
By James Goodwin, Justice of the Peace, —
Oct. 18. Charles M. Norton, formerly of York, and
Nancy S. Stacey, of Kiiot.
By John Rice, Ordained Minister of the Gospel :
June 20. Thomas Brooks and Lucretia Staples, Eliot.
June 29. William Tetherly and Ann E. Brooks, Eliot.
By Francis Massure :
No^'r 2. Gilman Raitt and Mary Nason, Eliot.
Nov'r 7. Sylvester Mclntire, Esq., and
Rhoda Mclntire, both of York.
By Rev. Josiah B. Clark :
April 11. Amos Seargeant, of Dover, and
Julia Hanscom, Eliot.
Dec. 7. Francis Weymouth, North Berwick, and
Mary E. Scammon, of Eliot.
Dec. 28. Daniel T. Dixon and Lydia N. Tetherly, Eliot.
April 5. William Tucker and Ursula Chick, Eliot.
Nov'r 12. Joseph Gould and Mrs Abigail Remick, Eliot.
March 30. by Rev. Francis Massure,
George Mclntire and Clarissa Nichols, of York.
April 17. by Rev. John C. Perry,
William Varney, of Eliot, and
Mrs. Lucy Colebath, of Portsmouth.
June 16; Obadiah Jenkins and Lydia Knight, Eliot.
The following marriages were not recorded till many
years after the wedding days, — January 1851:
This may certify that the following Persons were Joined
in marriage before me, the Subscriber, one of the Justices
of the Peace, within and for the County of York, viz :
October 22d, 1820. Jeremiah Staples and Mary Brooks.
August 12, 1824. John Gerrish, Berwick, and
Mary Remick, of Eliot.
February 24, 1825. At Kittery, Charles Goodwin and
Abigail Smith, of Eliot.
Mark Dennett, Justice Peace'.
The foregoing is a true Copy of a return made this
eleventh day of January, 1851. Attest,
James G. Jenkins, Town Clerk.
The three Town Clerks, whose ready and faithful pens
recorded the Intentions of Marriage, and the dates of
the Marriages, were, first, William Fogg, who did more
"to investigate and record Eliot and Kittery history than
any other man; next was William J. Paul, whose name
sometimes has the prefix — Rev ; and the third Clerk of
the Town was William Hammond.
Persons Ages Recorded.
Sarah Fernald, daughter of William Fernald and Mary
his wife, born April 25, 1774.
Sarah Ann Green, daughter of Nehemiah Green and
Sarah his wife, born November 4, 1807.
Nehemiah Green, son of Nehemiah Green and Sarah
his wife, born March 29, 1809.
Sarah Hammond, daughter of Joseph Hammond and
Mary his wife, born December 29, 1792.
Charles Green, son of Nehemiah Green and Sarah his
wife, born September 9, 181 1.
Stephen Neal and Ruthy his wife, were married the
19th of the 3d Month, A. D. 1790. Their Children Born
as follows :
David G. Neal, Born 14th of ye 5th Mo. 1791.
Stephen Neal, jr. Born 10th of ye 9th Mo. 1792.
, Peace Neal, Born 23d of ye 8th Mo. 1794.
Lydia Neal, Born 17th of ye 8th Mo. 1798.
Lucy G. Neal, Born 9th of ye 9th Mo. 1800.
Peace Neal Died, 3d of ye :o Mo. 1807.
Nathaniel Bartlett, son of Nathan Bartlett and Abigail
his Wife, born 23d Jan'y, 1798.
Charles Elmore Bartlett, son of Nathan and Abigail
Bartlett. born 27 December, 1803.
William Morrel, son of Jacob Morrel and Sally his Wife
born 25th October, 1811.
Cyras Rogers, son of John Rogers and Dorothy his
Wife, born nth March, 1794.
Asa Libbey, son of George Libbey and Mary his Wife,
born January 22d, 1813.
— Gleaned from family and town records, years ago.
Intention of Marriage.
Continued from Marriages and Publishments, pages 57-75.
April 21. Oliver Paine and Polly Warren, Eliot v
May 19. Alexander Raitt and Sarah A. Hill, Eliot.
August 4. William Frye, jr. Hannah C. Dearing, Eliot.
[August 11. Thomas Chick, Eliot, and
Mary A. Hersum, North Berwick.
September 17. Caleb Emery and Abigail Cutts, Eliot.
(September 22. Charles H. Brown, Portsmouth, N. H.
and Martha J. Dixon, Eliot.
November 17. *Moses G. Farmer, Dover, N. H.
Hannah T. Shapleigh, Eliot.
.December 1. George U. Emery, Sally Knowlton, Eliot.
.December 22. Robert Hendry, Roxbury, Mass. and
Elisabeth Hanscom, Eliot.
February 2. Leonard Waterhouse, Scarborough, ,
and Lydia A. Stacy, Eliot.
February 2 James Field, jr. and Clarisa Remick, Eliot.
February 9. Edmund A. Dixon and Ann P. Paul, Eliot.
February :6. John Lydston, Mrs. Mary Quimby, Eliot.
March 9. John Lundy and Mrs. Betsey Brooks, Eliot.
May 4. Nathaniel S. Bartlett and
Mrs. Catherine Chick, Eliot.
May 9. James Devall, Kittery, Adaline Pierce, Eliot.
May 12. James G. Jenkins, Eliot, and
Mary Noble, Portsmouth, N. H.
August 22. Capt. William Bartlett, Eliot, and
Mary H. Cate, Northwood, N. H.
August 31. Enoch Lewis, Kittery, Olivia Spinney, Eliot.
August 31. Moses Goodwin, jr. Sarah Jane Grover, Eliot.
September 14. Samuel P. Treadwell, Portsmouth, N. H.
and Hannah Nason, Eliot.
September 21. Warrington Paul, Eliot, and
Sarah A. E. Fernald, Kittery.
See pages 49-56, — sketch of Prof. Mo?es Gerrish Farmer.
1845, continued. Inte?ition of Marriage ^
September 28. Nathan Paul, Susan A. Hanscom, Eliot.
September 28. Mark Knight, Eliot, and
Ann M. Junkins, York.
October 5. Simon Foster and Olive A. Leach, Eliot. „
October 19. John H. Staples and Harriet Dixon, Eliot.
October 26. James Tobey, Eliot, and
Mary E. Tucker, Portsmouth, N. H.
November 1. Daniel Bartlett, Mary A. Goodwin, Eliot.
November 1. Oliver Staples, and Susan Staples, Eliot.
November 9. Mark F. Goodwin, South Berwick,
and Dorcas B. Frost, Eliot.
November 15. James Hanscom and
Olive A. Hanscom, Eliot.
December 15. Freeman Hodgdon, Newington, N. H.
and May Nason, Eliot.
December 28. John P. Hanscom, Eliot, and
Almira Welch, Kittery.
February 8. Richard A. Butler, Portsmouth, and
Mrs. Mary E. Cole, Eliot.
February 15. Washington Remick, Eliot, and
Mrs. Sarah Dorr, North Berwick.
March 15. Timothy Ferguson, Lucy M. Leightou, Eliot.
June 12. Josiali Hooper, Margaret P. Brooks, Eliot.
June 21. Isaac Spinney, New York, and
Martha A. Green, Eliot.
June 30. William Lewis, Kittery, and
Jane Spinney, Eliot.
July 3. Robert Spinney and Martha J. Cole, Eliot.
August 7. William Fogg and Mehitable P. Moody, Eiiot.
September 13. John D. Fernald, Kittery, and
Mary A. Paul, Eliot.
November 1. Charles C. Goodwin, Portsmouth, and
Mrs. Sarah D. Kimball, Eliot.
December 2. Amos Cousins, Kennebunk, and
Hannah W. Lord, Eliot.
December 5, 1846.
Joseph Furbish, Eliot, and
Caroline G. Baker, Great Falls, N. H.
1847. Intention of Marriage.
February 21, 1847. John H. Rogers and
Adaline P. Hanscom, of Eliot.
James Hendrick, Portsmouth, N. H. and
Mary P. Foster, Kliot.
William D. Spinney and Alzira Field, Eliot.
John Lewis, Portsmouth, N. H. and
Mrs. Martha M. Dixon, Eliot.
Thomas Hammond, of Eliot, and
Mrs. Elisabeth J. Keen, of Kittery.
James T. Woodman, and Mehitable Nason, Eliot
Nathaniel Hanscom, jr. and
Mrs. Lavinia Chandler, Eliot.
Joseph D. Frost, Sarah M. Jellison, Eliot.
August 21. Moses Libbey, Martha A. Goodsoe, Eliot.
September 22. William Raitt and Loisa Frost, of Eliot.
Dctober 2. Samuel Remick, of Eliot, and
Susan A. Burleigh, Tuftenborough, N. H.
William Huntress, Newington, N. H. and
Izetta Spinney, Eliot.
John Weeks, jr. of Kittery, and
Christinia F. Rennick, Eliot.
George Thornton, Portsmouth, N. H.
and Susan A. Brown, Eliot.
George W. Fernald and
Elisabeth W. Shapleigh, Eliot.
Hugh Reniston and
Elisabeth F. Hanscom, Eliot.
Joseph Hinnim, Northfield, Mass.
Lidia M. Hanscom, Eliot.
Joseph Spinney, jr. and
Elisabeth P. Dixon, Eliot.
Samuel L. Paul, Eliot, and
Maria Fernald, Kittery.
1848, continued. Intention of Marriage,
March 25. Lyman Parsons, Eliot, and
Elisabeth King, Philadelphia.
April 15. Charles H. Breed, Lynn, Mass.
and Matilda B. Allen, Eliot.
April 15. Daniel G. Hanscom and
Sarah J. Spinney, Eliot.
May 5. William W. Tobey, Eliot, and
Lydia A. Reinear, Portsmouth, N. H.
August 19. Elisha W. Frost, Mrs. Sarah W. Hill, Eliot.
Sept. 15. David Emery and Mary A. Hamilton, Eliot.
Sept. 23. Henry M. Jenkins, Eliot, and
Adriana Wentworth, Portsmouth.
October 7. James Field, jr. Eliot, and
PameliaS Hillard, Kittery.
October 21. William Simpson, Eliot, and
Sarah A. Shapleigh, South Berwick.
November 4. William Hill and Miriam Leighton, Eliot.
November 4. Samuel N. Warren, South Berwick, and
Mary A. Remick, Eliot.
November 15. William Stacy and Mary A. Furbish, Eliot
November 25. Oliver Dixon, Eliot, and
Francis Lord, South Berwick.
December 2. Charles W. Walker, Portsmouth,
and Martha J. Tobey, Eliot.
December 9. Sylvester M. Brooks and
Olive J. Shapleigh, Eliot.
December 12. John Lundy and Charlotte Remick, Eliot.
January 27. Japhet Morrill, Elisabeth P. Hanscom, Eliot
April 8. Augustus W. Brooks, Mary J. Shapleigh. Eliot.
May 18. George M. Dixon, Marsha A. Spinney, Eliot.
July 1. Dr. L. Murry Wi lis, and
Paulina H. Fogg, Eliot.
July 8. John Neal and Elisabeth Raitt, Eliot.
September 2. Timothy O. Parker, Saugus, Mass.
and Irene D. Witham, Eliot.
1849, continued. Intention of Marriage.
September 30. Sylvester Ferguson, Eliot, and
Orivill L- Larrjbee, Limington.
October 7. Pierpont Hanscom, Eliot, and
Eliza J. Philbrook, Kittery Navy Yard.
October 14. Abraham Brooks, Eliot, and
Mrs. Elvira J. Lord, Dover, N. H.
October 21. Nathaniel Spinney, and
Caroline Leach, Eliot.
October 28. Jefferson Raitt and Isabelle Knowlton, Eliot.
October 28. Augustus Hanscom and Sally Mclntire, Eliot
November 11. Charles H. Lang, Dover, N. H.
Sarah A. Staples, Eliot.
December 30. Benjamin Brooks, Eliot,
and Julia A. Lewis, Kittery.
January 20. Francis Raynes, Boston, and
Harriet C. Hanscom, Eliot.
Harch 17. Simon Hanscom and Olive Remick, Eliot.
March 17. Stephen Hanscom, Eliza J. Hanscom, Eliot.
\pril 28. Dr. Johnson Clark, New Bedford, Mass. .
and Frances J. Hanscom, Eliot.
May 19. Leonard C. Staples, Eliot; and
Hannah M. Colby, Dover, N. H.
August 11. Hamilton Spinney, and
Betsey D. Tetherly, Eliot.
September 10. Charles S. Mason, Hartford, Ct. and
I Martha D. Fall, Eliot.
)ctober 13. Sylvester Staples, Sarah S. Dixon, Eliot.
)ctober 27. William Nason, jr. Eliot, and
Lucy A. Cutting, Portsmouth, N. H.
ebruary 9. William G. Cole, Portsmouth, N. H.
and Hannah T. Brooks, Eliot,
larch 9. Fabius Spinney, and Martha A. Leach, Eliot,
larch :6. Joseph L. Grant, Meriden, N. H.
and Mrs. Julia H. Sargent, Eliot.
I85I, continued. Intention of Marriage.
April 13. Richard H. Shapleigh, Rosan Tobey, Eliot.
May 18. William Hanscom, 4th, and
Mrs. Clarisa Tobey, Eliot.
May 25. Jeremiah Knowlton and Eliza Goodwin, Eliot.
June 30. Marshal W. Post, Madison, Ct. and
Caroline A. Paul, Eliot.
August 10. Charles W. Seavey, and
Frances E. Manson, Eliot.
August 17. Charles W. Dixon, Mary J. Staples, Eliot.
October 29. Daniel Staples, Margaret E. Spinney, Eliot.
November 2. Sylvester Hanscom, Elisabeth S. Paul, Eliot
November 16. Samuel H. Spinney, and J
Ann M. Kennison, Eliot.
November 27. Frederick Pirseh, Boston, and
Mary A. Spinney, Eliot.
January ir. Daniel Stacy, Eliot, and
Elisabeth Whithouse, Somersworth, N. H.
February 8. Charles W. Brooks, Eliot, and
Johanna Wilson, Kittery.
February 22. Justin Hanscom, Sarah M. Hanscom, Eliot
March 21. Joseph' Graves, Kittery, and
Mary A. H. Brooks, Eliot.
March 28. George E. Stearnes, MLlbury, Mass.,
and Ann A. Clark, Eliot,
May 9. Joseph Stacy and Mary A. Chick, Eliot.
July 3. Nathaniel Shapleigh, 3d. Eliot, and
Martha A. Maddox, Great Falls, N. H.
August 15. Joseph Kennison, Sarah J. Spinney, Eliot.
September 24. Nicholas P. Furber, Newington, N. H.
and Caroline Welch, Eliot.
September 27. Daniel Furbish and Eliza J. Raitt, Eliot.
October 4. Dr. Charles P. Chandler, Addison,
and Mary A. Shapleigh, Eliot.
October 19. Hiram Field, Eliot, Mary Furbish, York.
i852, coniinued. Intention of Marriage,
November 8. Daniel A. Hill, Klioi, and
Jane A. Thompson, York.
November 22. Jairus Coleman, Dover, N. H. and
Sarah J. Taylor, Kennebunk.
November 25. Horace H. Vinton, Melrose, Mass.
and Isabelle Raitt, Eliot.
December 10. Stephen Green and Betsey Kennard, Eliot.
January 13. Harrison O. Flint, Salem, Mass. and
Mary Augusta Leighton, Eliot.
January 14. Edward H. Paul, Mary C. Spinney, Eliot.
January 30. Nathan Spinney, jr. and
Martha J. Spinney, Eliot.
March 19. George W. Leach, and Maria Spinney, Eliot.
March 20. George K. Gibbs, Lewiston, and
Ann E. Fernald, Eliot.
April 15. Sylvester Spinney, Eliot, and
Mary A. Erch, Portsmouth.
May 21. Stephen H. Tobey, Eliot, and
Mrs. Almeda Norwood, York.
June 1. John W. Bates, Great Falls, N. H. and
Sophia K. Thompson, Embden, Me.
June 11. Benjamin F. Bartlett and
Cynthia E. Hanscom, Eliot.
June 21. John Lundy and Elisabeth Spinney, Eliot.
June 28. John Rogers, Eliot, and
Emma Woodworth, Albany, N. Y.
August 10. Temple W. Webber and
Eliza J. Manson, Portsmouth.
September 15. Charles F. Hanscom and
Hannah K. Goodwin, Eliot.
September 24. Dudley A. Garland, Somersworth, N. H^
and Roseanna Cole, Eliot.
1854. Intention of Marriage.
January 2. Jeremiah P. Goodwin, and
Hannah M. Jones, Eliot.
January n. James H. Gerry, and
Abby M. Pettegrew, Eliot.
January 25. Isaac Martin and Clarissa Mclntire, Eliot.
February 4. Samuel B. Ham, Cambridge, Mass.
and Paulina Cutts, Eliot.
February 18. John W. Leighton, Boston, and
Anxretta T. Frye, Eliot.
February 21. Daniel P. Spinney, Ann M. Spinney, Eliot.
February 24. Samuel Martin and Ellen Dunn, Eliot.
March 12. James H. Knovvlton, Matilda P. Bartlett, Eliot
April 12. James Tucker and Abigail Gould, Eliot.
April 22. Moses Morrill and Sarah E. Emery, Eliot.
May 9. James H. York, Portsmouth, and
Lucy A. Emery, Eliot.
May 18. Charles W. Foster, Eliot, and
Minnie E. Trickey, Portsmouth.
August 5. Augustus Fernald and Octavia G. Green, Eliot.
August 19. Jonathan Leighton, and
Mrs. Sarah A. Fernald, Eliot.
August 19. Lorenzo D. Manson, Kittery,
and Mary A. Martin, Eliot.
October 2. James W. Brooks, Eliot, and
Anna A. Wilson, Kittery.
January 9. Ira S. Paul and Margare 1 Leach, Eliot.
March 14. Walter T. Brooks, Mrs. Mary E. Butler, Eliot.
March 2r. William H. Mandal, Somersworth, N. H.
and Elisabeth Kennard, Eliot:
March 26. John S. Browto, Mrs. Ann M. Spinney, Eliot.
March 29. Charles W. Rogers and Mary A. Paul, Eliot.
April 29. James J. Johnston and Sarah E. Rogers, Eliot.
May 12. Charles Anderson, Portsmouth, N. H.
and Lydia A Cole, Eliot.
1855, continued. Intention of Marriage.
August 18. William Jackson, Eliot, and
Anna T. Martin, Portsmouth.
!Vugust 21. Dr. Clark C. Trafton, Kennebunk,
and Julia E. Hammond, Eliot.
August 25. A. H. Iy. Bedell, Sanford, and
Olive J. Paul, Eliot.
September 1. Samuel H. Spinney, Eliot, and
Susan A. Pettigrew, Kittery.
Dctober 22. Albert J. Knight and Adaline Dixon, Eliot.
bctober26. John R. Hanscom, Elisabeth Hammond, Eliot
November 1. Rufus Stewart, Wells, and
Catharine J. Spinney, Eliot.
November 2. Daniel Hammond, Eliot, and
Susan A. Goodwin, South Berwick.
November 16. William J. Paul, Eliot, and
Mrs. Hersina F. Dole, South Acton, Mass.
November 26. Joseph Knowlton, Portsmouth, and
Lydia H. Remick, Eliot.
November 28. Simon F. Spinney, Eliot, and
Margaret A. Fernald, Portsmouth, N. H.
December 26. Sylvester Bartlett and
Clementine Raitt, Eliot.
January 14. Winslow O. Garland, Somersworth, N. H.
and Mary A. Baker, Somersworth.
January r . Ebenezer Plaisted and
Mrs. Hannah Simpson, Eliot.
February 27. George Briggs, Raymond, Maine,
and Miss Hannah Simpson, Eliot.
April 14.- James W. Tobey, Eliot, and
Hannah Martin, Portland.
July r. Nathaniel Tufts, jr. Maiden, Mass. and
Susan E. Frost, Eliot.
August 20. David L. Hodgden, Great Falls, N. H.
and Mary H. Fernald, Eliot.
August 29. Melville Hanscom, and Sarah Eibbey, Eliot.
I8561 continued. Intention of Marriage.
September 1. Samuel C. Shapleigh, and
Sarah F. Hammond, Eliot.
September 3. Henry M. Raitt and Sarah J Nason, Eliot.
September 5. Aaron Hanson, Eliot, and
Elisabeth B. Cook, York.
September 17. Charles E. Stacy and Octavia Frost, Eliot.
October 10. Charles B. Jones, Eliot, and
Rosa J. Rowell, York.
November. William D. Durgin, Tuftenborough, N. H.
and Mary Ann Nutter, Eliot.
January 8. Frank L. Fernald, Portsmouth, and
Mary E. Remick, Eliot.
January 9. Joseph Spinney, Elisabeth K. Brooks, Eliot.
Jhnuary 12. Henry P. Spinney, Eliot, and
Olive A. Newbergin, Newfield, Maine.
April 11. Archelaus T. Welch, Emily A. Spinney, Eliot.
September 19. Capt. John Paul, Eliot, and
Elisabeth Wilson, Kittery.
September 26. James H. Spinney, Eliot, and
Olive A. Aspinwall, Kittery.
October 8. William Varney, Eliot, and
Mrs. Delia H. Brown, Belfast, Maine.
December 12. Oliver Prime, Boston, Mass. and
Emma F. Kennard, Eliot.
January 9. Jefferson Raitt and Elvira S. Emery, Eliot.
February 13. James W. Wherren, Eliot, and
May S. Frisbee, Kittery.
May 8. William O. Brooks, Eliot, and
Mary J. Sinclair, Stratham, N. H.
May 22. Andrew P. Fernald, Eliot, and
Lucy J. Grant, York.
May 21. James M. Shapleigh, and
Aravesta Hammond, Eliot.
i858, continued. Intention of Marriage.
I July 10. Thomas J. Burt, Boston, and
Mary A. Libbey, Eliot.
September 15. Jerome S. Wherren, Eliot, and
Sarah P. Lane, Wolfborough, N. H.
I September 27. Levi W. Adams, Portsmouth, N. H.
and Elisabeth A. Staples, Eliot.
October .12. John W. Knight, Nancy A. Spinney, Eliot.
[ October 25. Joseph Remick, jr. Boston, Mass.,
and Mary A. Hammond, Eliot.
November 1. Joseph Remick, Angeline Brooks, Eliot.
November 20. Andrew J. Dixon, Mary J. Dixon, Eliot.
December 1. Abram Hill, Boston, Mass. and
Sarah C. Holmes, Eliot.
December 11. Isaac Flint, North Reading, Mass.,
and Mary J. Cutts, Eliot.
January 17. John M. Remick and Lenora Spinney, Eliot.
July 14. James W. Bartlett and Hannah Cook, Eliot.
Augusts. Stephen A. Dixon and Ellen Hanscom, Eliot.
August 13. Joseph L. Kennison and Miranda Citts, Eliot
August 17. George A. Frost, Emily M. Darling, Eliot.
September 6. Samuel S. Simpson, Eliot, and
Clarisa J. Hasleton, Chester, N. H.
October 10. Joseph S. Grant, York, and
Evaline Simpson, Eliot.
October 25. Alvah Darling, Eliot, and
Georgians Weeks, Kittery.
November 5. John D. Frost and Lucy Knowlton, Eliot.
November 12. Solomon Staples and Jane Chick, Eliot.
January 14. Richard F. Djxon, Sarah A. Dixon, Eliot.
February 20. Hiram W. Emery, Lockport, Maine,
and Sarah F. Bartlett, Eliot.
March 27. George M. Stevens, Andover, N. H.
and Mrs. Lucy M. Ferguson, Eliot.
1860. Intention of Marriage.
May 21. George C. Bartlett, Eliot, and
Phoebe Bartlett, New Portland.
June 18. Charles W.,Tetherly, Eliot, and
Mary M. Lydston.
August 21. John W. Remick, Emily Hammond, Eliot.
September 4. John H. Staples and Lucy M. Dixon, Eliot.
September 28. Henry F. Donnell, Newburyport, Mass.
and Sarah H. Leighton, Eliot.
September 29. Capt. Alphonso H. Brooks, and
Mrs. Martha A. Spinney, Eliot.
October 8. John Varney and Mary A. Carter, Eliot.
October 23. Samuel A. Staples, Eliot, and
Martha A. Place, Kittery.
October 31. Robert Drew, Portsmouth, and
Drucilla Paul, Eliot
November 29. Pierpont Hammond and
Mary E- Shapleigh, Eliot.
December 16. Oliver Paine and Mary E. Powers, Eliot.
December 3£. James Griffin, Northwood, N. H.
and Mary A. Bennett, Dover, N. H.
M ly 6. Frank N. Dixon, Eliot, and
Lydia S. Sanborn, Kittery.
June 3. Charles W. Feraald, Kittery,
and Mary A. Remick, Eliot.
July 15. John W. Young, Portsmouth, and
Rebecca Emery, Eliot.
August 5. Paschal M. Langton, Kittery,
and Sarah A. Tobey, Eliot.
August 31. Daniel Goodwin, jr. and Mary A. Lord, Eliot.
Septeinbtr 16. Jefferson Raitt, Sarah H. Ferguson, Eliot.
November 8. James A. Jones, Eliot, and
.Augusta C. Carter, Kittery.
November 21. Laban A. Grover, Eliot, and
Mary A. Carter, York.
December 2. Ira Hanscom, Martha A. Tetherly, Eliot.
December 10. Thomas A. Staple, Eliot, and
Fannie M. Towle, Newington, N. H.
1862. Intention of Marriage.
February 1. Alexander Dixon, Ellen E. Staples, Eliot.
February 9. Augustus Paul, Amanda Leach, Eliot.
February 17. Theodore Fernald, Almira E. Spinney, Eliot
February 24. Louis J. Farwell, Great Falls, N. H.
and Lavina Brooks, Eliot.
March 24. Washington Brooks, Eliot, and
Phoebe Graves, Kittery.
April 10. Joseph W. Libbey, Lucy A. Pettegrew, Eliot.
June 24. William Shapleigh, Eliot, and
AdalineM. Foye, Portsmouth, N. H.
September 5. Henry M. Paul, Mary E. Tetherly, Eliot.
October 4. Capt. Joshua Frost, Mary Cushman, Eliot.
October 25. Samuel A. Remick, Eliot, and
Fannie D. Brown, Belfast.
October 27. John F. Raitt, Eliot, and
Susan A. Lord, South Berwick.
Nov'r :6. Joshua L. Frye and Mary E. Brooks, Eliot.
Nov'r 25. Stephen Ferguson, Eliot, and
Almira J. Seavey, York.
January 3. Sam'l Clark and Ellen J. Shapleigh, Eliot.
January 10. William A. Staples, Julia A. Lewis, Eliot.
January 26. Frank Shores, Portsmouth, N. H. and
Fidelia S. Murphy, Eliot.
January 27. Eliott Emery, York, and
Lucy E. Simpson, Eliot,,
April 14. George W. Brown, Sarah T. Kn ght, Eliot.
April 27. Albert A. Shapleigh, Susan A. Hanscom, Eliot
May 8. George A. Tobey, Constantia O. Tetherly, Eliot.
June 22. Edwin F. Tobey, Olive A. Staples, Eliot.
July 8. John Shapleigh, Eliot, and
Julia A. Fernald, Kittery.
August 4. Albert W. Libbey, Ellen P. Holmes, Eliot.
Aug. 19. Henry D. Spinney, Sarah E. Hammond, Eliot
Sept. 15. Morris G. Shapleigh and Almira Leach, Eliot.
1863, continued . Intention of Marriage.
October"i7. Samuel Shapleigh, Eliot, and
Susan A. Whitehouse, Dover, N. H.
October 2S. Levi R. Staples and Lucy M. Frost, Eliot.
Nov'r 20. James H. Decoff and Nancy Emery, Eliot.
Nov'r 30. Samuel Shapleigh, jr. and
Sarah E. Grace, Eliot.
December 1. Roscoe G. Shapleigh and
Annette C. Dixon, Kliot.
December 10. George E. Bartlett, Eliot, and
Ellen D. Whitney, Casco.
December 16. James M. Raitt and
Mrs Nancy Y. Cutler, Eliot.
December 19. Eenj. F. Downing, Lizzie D. Bartlett, Eliot
December 22. Ai S. Cole, Eliot, and
Caroline A... Varney, Portsmouth, N.H.
January 2. William O. Jones and Emily E. Clark, Eliot.
April 9. _Charles H. Spinney, Eliot, and
Sarah J. Nowell, York.
April 9. James A. D. Remick, Olive E. Spinney, Eliot.
May 18. Charles E. Paul, jr., Eliot, and
Rosamond F. Coleman, Nevvington, N. H.
May 20. Francis Spinney, Eliot, Mary E. Place, Kittery.
May 20. Joseph W. Davis and Betsey Dixon, Eliot.
May 27. Nehemiah Loagee and Lizzie Sanborn, Eliot.
June 23. Jeremiah P. Goodwin, Eliot, and
Isabella D. Wilson, Kittery.
July 28. John L. Ltttlefield and Ann A. Frye, Eliot.
August 18. Myrick L. Hatch, Dorchester, Mass. and
Sarah E. Knowlton, Eliot!
September 29. Charles W Stimpson, Kittery, and
Mrs. Martha J. Walker, Eliot.
November 5. Albert Goodwin, Mary E. Shapleigh, Eliot
Nov'r 7. Henry C. Hammond and Carrie B. Jones, Eliot.
Dec'r 10. Elijah Varney and Frances C. Brooks, Eliot.
Dec'r 25. Lyman P. Spinney, Kliot, and
Elisabeth F. Stackpole, Charlestown, Ms.
i865. Intention of Marriage.
February 20. Jeremiah Libbey, Eliot, and
Mrs. Hannah Scott, South Berwick.
April 8. Thaddeus W. Knight, Sarah J. Welch, Eliot.
May 7. Alfred L,. Brooks and Annie A. Lewis, Eliot.
May 19. William H. Brooks, Eliot, and
Mary J. Bickford, Epsom, N. H.
May 26. Amos Cousins and
Mrs. Elisabeth S. Hanscom, Eliot.
May 28. Henry C. Tobey and Nellie A. Goodwin, Eliot.
June 20. Stephen A. Dixon and
Mrs. Anoie L. Roberts, Eliot.
August 21. Nath'l Frost and Olive J. Emery, Eliot.
Nov'r 25. Augustus Brooks and Mary E. Staples, Eliot.
Nov'r 27. Joseph R. Manning, Aphia A. Nelson, Eliot.
December 1.8. Harrison T. Frost, Eliot, and ,
Addie F. Frost, Boston, Mass.
January 22. Oliver C. Stacy and Lydia A. Emery, Eliot.
H.~E. Bartlett, Eliot, and
Mrs. Maria Jackson, Casco.
April 28. Charles E. Paul, Mrs. Adeline F. Welch, Eliot
May 9. John R. Cole and Mary E. Cottle, Eliot.
Sept. 1. Oren B. Hammond, Cambridge, Mass. and
Mary E. Bartlett, Eliot.
Oct. 1. T. Frank Staples and Clara E. Spinney, Eliot
Oct. 15. Alvin Dixon and Mary A. Libbey, Eliot.
Nov'r 17. John E. Fernald and Eliza J. Adlington, Eliot.
Nov'r 23. George W. Libbey, Eliot, and
Fannie A. C. Tarlton, Newcastle, N. H.
Dec'r 10. Geo. O. Shapleigh, Lizzie M. Kennar-d, Eliot
May 6. J. Howard Paul, Arianna M. Guptill, Eliot.
June 26. John H. Rogers, Mrs. Emily D. Bartlett, Eliot.
Dec'r 17. Simon Emery, Eli°t, and
Arazena H. Fernald, Kittery.
Dec'r 17. Frederick A. Staples, and
Sarah A. Paul, Eliot.
1868. Intention of Marriage.
April 8. Fred. W. Retnick, Fanny A. Tetherly, Eliot.
April 27. Samuel T. Baker, Milford, and
Catherine S. Shapleigh, Eliot.
May 6. » Eliot F. Scammon and Sarah A. Frost, Eliot.
May 6. John W. Rogers and Lizzie M. Tucker, Eliot.
June 10. George E. Bartlett, Eliot, and
' Sarah Davis, Naples.
Jnly 12. John F. Todd and Mary A. Frye, Eliot.
August 17. Capt. George A. Harn, Strafford, N. H.
and Nellie J. Tucker, Eliot.
Sept'r 28. Percival B. Doroning, Cambridge,
and Matilda C. Raitt, Eliot.
October 6. James H. Kimball, Cambridge, and
Cynthia H. Nason, Eliot. ,
Nov'r 6. Leander Brooks and Annie J. Guptill, Eliot.
June 30. Alfred Coasterntinoble, Plasburge, N. Y.
and Mathilde Duperine, Canada.
Sept'r 6. Daniel Hammond, Eliot, and
Nellie J. Farr, Brunswick.
Sept'r 22. Henry N- Frost and Hannah G. Staples, Eliot
Married by Geo. W. Brown, Sept. 26.
Dec'r 1. William H. Tucker, Eliot, and
Augusta Chick, Berwick.
Marriages, recorded 1870-90:
Febuary 3. Albert S. Hurse, Portsmouth, N. H:
and Carrie H. Cole, Eliot.
Feb. 20. David P. Pendexter, Portsmouth, N. H.
and Emma Cottle, Eliot.
December 19, by George Bachelor, Salem, Mass.,
George S. Stevens, Monmouth, and
Hattie E. Leighton, Eliot.
November 26. Moses E. Goodwin, Eliot, and
Mary L,. Paul, Kittery.
December 30. -Frank J. Paul, York, and
Altie J. Paul, Eliot.
June 16. John N. Isham, Wilbraham, Mass. and
Harriet N. Guptill, Eliot.
June 10. Jacob S. Hanscom, South Berwick, and
Sarah L,. Hodgden, So. Berwick.
September 5. Wm. O. Junkins, M. D. Greenland, N. H.
and Lizzie J. Hill, Eliot.
September 29. Frederick B. Furbish, Cambridge, Ms.
and Sarah L,. Grant, So. Berwick.
June 8. Samuel W. Staples, Josephine E. Remick, Eliot.
June 15. Hermon Staples and Rebecca F. Spinney, Eliot.
May 20. William W. Benton, Concord, N. H.
and Juliette Kinin, Eliot.
October 16. Oliver Wilson, Kittery, and
Sarah J. Paul, Eliot.
November 8. David Urch, Portsmouth, N. H.
and Ida A. Rogers, Eliot.
Nov'r 27. Albert A. Fernald, Myra H. Lydston, Eliot.
Sept'r 7. William Nichols, Eliot, and
Lois E. Renshaw, Great Falls, N. H.
January 11. Geo. W. Shapleigh, Izetta E. Stacey, Eliot.
May 10. Dan'l W. Dixon and Arabella S. Roberts, Eliot.
May 10. Jackson M. Hoyt, Newington, N. H.
and Cynthia H. Kimball, Eliot.
May 2. By Horace Graves, Dover, N. H., —
Fred. H. Rowe, Eliot, and
Ellen E. Turner, Dover, N. H,
December 24. Samuel E. Cole, Eliot, and
Ella A. Dickey, Orland, Maine.
December 22. Daniel Brooks, Somerville, Mass. and
Emma I. Fernald, Kittery.
July 3. Walter C. Rogers and Vienna Spinney, Eliot.
1875 co?ili?iucd : —
June 15. Henry Shapleigh, Salem, Mass. and
Annie S. Tobey, Eliot.
Sept. 29. Timothy Manson and Lois B. Nichols, Eliot.
Dec'r 31. Jasper Shapleigh and Harriet M. Staples, Eliot.
Sept'r 30. George W. Dixon, Eliot, and
Eizzie M. Builard, Wayland, Mass.
July 17. Alfred Spinney aDd Aurilla M. Cole, Eliot.
October 3. Harris Staples and Rebecca Cole, Eliot.
July 24. George A. Genthner, Parkman, Maine,
and Eliza O. Spinney,. Eliot. '
January 11. Joseph H. Dixon, Eliot, and
Bertha M. Pirsch, Jersey City, N. J.
August 27. Calvin H. Staples, Wilhelmina N. Spinney.
Dec'r 24. Frank E. Kennard and Klla M. Athorne, Eliot.
May 13. Mark Knight and Mary A. Fields, Eliot.
July 2. Charles W. Estes, Eliot, and
Anna Thomas, Maiden, Mass.
July 22. Richard J. Remick and Isabel F. Cole, Eliot.
October 24. N. Miliard Sewall, York, and
Emma E. F. Guptill, Eliot.
December 25. By J. W. Smith, Portsmouth, N. H.
David Varney, Eliot, and
Dorothy Manson, Kittery.
October 23. George K. Gibbs, Martha T. Fernald, Eliot.
Nov'r 26. Robert D. Fernald, Orinthia J. Spinney, Eliot.
Dec'r 8. Andrew P. Brooks and Alice A. Welch, Eliot.
February 16. Denton E. Randall, Cambridge, Mass.
and Antoinette B. Remick, Eliot.
April 26. Frank A. Spinney and Arabella F. Cole, Eliot.
June 8. John E. Rogers and Emeretta A. Spinney, Eliot.
June 26. Joshua M. Vaughan, Portsmouth, and
Susie R. Cole, Eliot.
Dec'r 28. Edgar W. Remick, Annie L. M. Welch, Eliot.
February 21. Pharez E. Rogers, Abbie M. Knight, Eliot.
Feb. 21. Frank F. Knight and Lizzie M. Spinney, Eliot.
Feb. 22. Melville S. Spinney, Geneva A. Staples, Eliot.
Feb. 28. Geo. A. Fernald and Grace G. Spinney, Eliot.
April 24. Clarke C. Tetherly, Addie L. Spinney, Eliot.
August 1. George C. Hammond, Eliot, and
Augusta Spinney, Kittery.
November 6. Daniel W. Furbish, Eliot, and
Hattie Wiggin, Northwood, N. H.
Dec. 29. Charles O. Hill Mattie A. Gunnison, Eliot.
Feb. 12. Albert Lord and Martha J. Simpson, Eliot.
April 17. James A. D. Remick, Florence A. Welch, Eliot
June 1. By Rev. J. B. Lapham, Eliot, —
John W. Manges, Portland, and
Mrs. Eliza B. Evans, Saco.
Sept. 6. David W. Murron, of Shapleigh, and
Laura E. Dixon, Eliot.
Sept'r 25. Alpheus B. Brooks, Vianna R. Staples, Eliot.
Nov. 24. Henry A. Series, Portsmouth, N. H. and
Fanny Libbey, Eliot.
Dec. 26. Albert R. Dixon and Eva C. Staples, Eliot.
January 15. Alvin W. Place, Kittery, and
Carrie E. Johnson, Kittery.
Feb. 22. Winfield E. Tripp, Lyman, Maine, and
Lizzie May Dame, Eliot.
March 16. Benjamin F. Frost, Eliot, and
Lula D. Nelson, Amesbury, Mass.
April 16. Frank G. Fernald, Edith M. Spinney, Eliot.
May 1. Martin P. Tobey, Abbie E. Rogers, Eliot.
June 3. Edward E. Hanscom, Marblehead, Mass.
and Annie L. Junkins Simpson, Eliot.
October 11. William Hodgdon Mary E. Frost, Eliot.
October 15. Fred I. Dexter, South Berwick, and
Maggie O. Raitt, Eliot.
1882 continued: —
October 29. Guy G. March, Lawrence, Mass. and
Mabelle Go wen, Eliot.
Nov'r 12. James A. Hanscom, Elvena J. Fernald, Eliot.
Dec. 28. George W. Shapleigh, Isa. Adams, South Eliot.
January 25. Elbridge Brooks, Eliot, and
Ida M. Fernald, Kittery.
February 14. Jos. H. Butler, Gertie H. Goodwin, Eliot.
July 5. Edward P. Adams, Castine, and
Lizzie C. Emery, Eliot.
July 8. Elmer E. Martin, Kittery, and
Roxanna Patch, York.
August 1. John E. Hanscom, Mary E. Huntress, Eliot.
September 15. Hennan A. Shapleigh, Eliot,
and Mary E. Brown, Dover, N. H.
October 16. Wm. W. Cook, Shapleigh, and
Fannie Nelson, Eliot.
October 24. Howard B. Furbish, Eliot, and
Mabel C. Grant, South Berwick.
Nov'r 11. Linville S. Remick, Nettie C. Lydston, Eliot.
Nov'r 6. Alvin Nelson, Eliot, Rose B. Neal v So. Berwick
Nov'r 22. Wm. J. Brooks and Ellen F. Donnell, Kittery.
Dec'r 6. William L. Hobb, Dover, N. H.
and Lizzie R. Hill, Eliot. .'
January :. Frank P. Hodgdon, Esther A. Abbott, Eliot.
May 1. Flavius J. Paul and Jennie S. Hibbard, Eliot.
May 18. Thomas F. Staples, Isabelle A. Spinney, Eiioc.
Sept'r 20. Nathaniel Knowlton, Eliot, and
Addie W. Goodwin, South Berwick.
September 22. William Hill and
Mary J. Brooks, Eliot.
October 6. Albert J. King, Portsmouth, N. H.
Mary L. Adlington, Eliot.
July 4. Fred. L v Paul and Ella B Remick, Eliot.
July 7. Howard E. Bartlett, Eliot, and
Annie Jessup, Amesbury, Mass.
July 17. Walter W. Rowe and Lizzie F. Earle, Eliot.
August 1. James K. P. Rogers and
Angie A. Dame, Eliot. •
October 27. George A. Towne, Everett, Mass.
and Cora Belle Brooks, Eliot.
November 4. Albert W. Nowell, and
Ivizzie M. Paul, Eliot.
November 22. Frederick J. Frost, and
Elma J. Goodwin, Eliot.
December 14. Samuel H. Chauncey, Boston, and
Alice R. Adams, Eliot. -
December 23. George E. Ireland and
Laura A. Junkins, Eliot.
Willard H. Spinney, and
Annie Belle Foster, Eliot.
Frank E. Worster, Eliot, and
Henrietta F. Shaw, East Boston.
June 2. William W. Knight and Lula L. Cole, Eliot.
July 11. Charles B. Gale, Lawrence, and
Nellie M. Worster, Eliot.
Fred L. Spinney and Emma Hanscom, Eliot,
John H. Griffin, Dover, N. H. and
Abbie G. Bartlett, Eliot.
James W. Bartlett, Lydia F. Worster, Eliot.
Elmer E. Langton, Kittery, and
Carrie L. Bartlett, Eliot.
November 24. Horace L. Manson, Kittery, and
Emma J. Knight, Eliot.
March 23. Frederick P. Davoll, Lebanon, Conn.
and Ada W. Spinney, Eliot.
March 16. Geo. E. Staples and Carrie E. Tetherly, Eliot
October 30. Harry C. Crosby, Dover, N. H.
and Loretta M. Nason, Eliot.
November 9. Wallace E. Dixon, Eliot, and
Alberta N. Ham, Dorchester, Mass.
February 6. Geo. E. Leach and Ada S. Varney, Eliot.
May 20. True L. Norris, Portsmouth, N. H. and
Lillian G. Hurst, Eliot.
August 10. Mauriee*S. Leach, Mabel G. Staples, Eliot.
December 1. Victorft*. Junkins, York, and
.Mary L. Hammond, Eliot. " *. "
April 6. Willard E. Raitt and Mary G. Rogers, Eliot.
August 15. Ernest E. Coles, Eliot, and ,.
Florence E. Carter, Kittery. .. -
September 14. George W. Urde, Chicago, 111.
Florence Spinney, Eliot.
-September 30. Wilmot E. Spinney, Eliot, and
Valeria Buck, Chelsea, Mass. ;,...»
October 18. FreH. E. Cummings, Boston, and •;.;.
Bertha E. Rogers, Eliot.
November 1. Everett Spinney, Annie McDonald, Eliot. j
See next page :
®lje MarrtagB GLzumvxxQ
a Centuary ago.
We have given the Marriages and Intentions of Mar-
riage, recorded 'in the Books of the Eliot Town Clerks
from 1810 to 1890 ; and ; in the ancient collection of the
Joshua Hubbard papers, dating 1770, — one hundred and
forty years ago, — we find the written ceremonial pledge,
used by the Clergyman, or the Justice, of that far-away
date, at a Mariiage.lt reads : —
— Let the Persons who have proposed Marriage come
Mr. A. B. and Mrs. C. D. it appears to me by this
Certificate from the Clerk of the Town of Kittery, That
your Intention of Marriage has been Published Agreeable
Therefore I shall proceed to Join you in Marriage :
Mr. A. B. please to take Mrs. C. D. by the right hand :
You, A. B. do take C. D. to be your wife ; to live with
her, Love, Nourish and Cherish her, both in health and
sickness, to be chaste to her and her Only, and to do all
the duties required of a husband : — This you promise to
do and perform, until Death or the Laws of the Land
shall make a Separation.
Mrs. C. D. please to Take Mr. A. B. by the right hand :
You C. D. do take A. B. to be your husband : to live with
him, Love, honor and Obey him, — Nourish & Cherish
him, both in Sickness and health, to be Chaste to him
and him Only, and do all the duties required of a Wife.
This you promise to do and perform, until Death or the
Laws of the Land shall make a Separation.
And I do Therefore, by Virtue of the Laws of this
IOO " MARRIAGES.
Commonwealth, and the Authority given me, — do declare
you to be husband and wife, agreeable to the Laws of
GOD and man.
Next thing Prayers.
Oi<d Euot : page of pleasant things ;
The gleanings of the Past ;
A Yesterday revives, and brings
The memories we can grasp.
The long-ago becomes once more
The life of our to-day ;
The names and faces thus renewed,
Most kindly with us stay.
We truly glean from time to time
A page of history rare ;
With interest turn Old Eliot leaves
Its treasury to share.
Historical Press :
Old Road, Eliot, Maine.
Dr J. L. M. WILLIS, Editor.
VOL. IX. ELIOT, MAINE. July-September, 1909. No. III.
The name Willis, is one of about twenty British names
derived from Will, alias Wille.. Before a uniform spelling
was adopted, it occurred in many ways : — Wills, Willes,
Wyllys, Wyllis, Willys, Willis.
Among the immigrants to New England, in the 17th
century, twenty of the name of Willis appear. One of
these was, —
Deacon Joint Willis 1, a Puritan of distinction and res-
pectabilty. We first learn of him at Duxbury, Mass. in
1637 ; where he held several town offices. He was made
one of the grantees of the town of Bridgewater, in 1650;
and at that time owned considerable estate. From that
town he was elected the first representative to the General
Court, at Plymouth, in 1651, and continued in that body
for twenty-five consecutive years.
His wife was Hannah — — — . His second wife was
Elizabeth (Hodgkins) Palmer. His will w r as proved in
1693. He had eight children, the oldest being —
John 2. Dea. who died, 1712. He married Experience
Byram, daughter of Nicholas Byram, of Bridgewater. He
had five children. His son, — •
Nathaniel 3, born about 1700, in Taunton, Mass., mar-
ried and had two children. His son, —
Lemuel 4, born about 1740; died 1780 ; married Lydia
Hodges, who w r as born in Taunton, Mass. 1741, died at
Windham, Vermont, 1810. Their son, —
Lemuel 5, born at Taunton, Mass. June 29, 1771, died
May 12, 1849, in Westmoreland, N. H.; married Fanny
Cobb, born February 24, 1780, in Hallowell, Maine ; died
102. WII«US FAMILY.
in Westmoreland, N. H. August 18, 1862 ; had eight
Lemuel 6, Rev'd, born April 24, 1802, at Windham, Vt.
He was a prominent Universalist clergyman, and occupied
pulpits in Troy, N. Y., Salem, Lynn and Cambridgeport,
Mass., Portsmouth, N. H. and other places; married
Almanda R. Simmons, of Westmoreland, Nov. 11, 1824;
(Thanksgiving;) born January 25, 1803, died September
23, 1846 ; married 2d, Mrs. Abigail P. George, of Warner,
N. H. daughter of John and Miriam (Pettingell) Bean,
March 30, 1847. She was born Aug. 17, 1799, died Oct. 12,
1880, at Warner, N. H. He died at Warner, N. H. July
23, 1878. Had Lemuel Murray 7, Otis Winchester 7,
Algernon 7, Mary Linn 7, Harlon Simmons 7.
Lemuel Murray, 7, M. D. born at Lebanon, N> H.
Oct. 7, 1825, died at Charlestown, Mass. Jan. 17, 1893;
married Paulina Hammond Fogg, daughter of John and
Mary (Staples) Fogg, July 15, 1849, born June 4, 1826,
died March 23, 1859; married second, Abbie Augusta
Neal, daughter of Ebenezer and Pricilia (Hitchings)
Neal, Lynn, Mass. Feb. 25, 1864; born Jan. 1, 1841, died
Nov. 2i. 1903.
He was a Surgeon in the Civil War; after which he
was one of the leading physicians of Charlestown, Mass.
Had by first marriage, one child : —
John Lemuel Murray Willis 8, M. D. born Feb. 1 1, 1856,
at Chelsea, Mass., resides at Eliot, Maine, where he has
practiced medicine since 1877; married Carrie . Estella
Ham, daughter of Freeman C. and Ellen J. (Cooper)
Ham, Oct. 1, 1879; born Feb. 13, 1S59. They have two
children: Elizabeth Gail Willis 9, born at Eliot, Oct. 18,
1884 ; married Albert Eliot Libbev, Sept. 22, 190S. He
was son of Albert W. and Mary Ellen (Holmes) Libbey,
born at Brooklyn, N. Y. March n, 18S4. Harlon Parker
Willis 9, born at Eliot, April 30, 1891.
Lemuel Murray Willis 7. had by his second marriage
Harold Neal Willis 8, born at East Boston, Mass. July
WIX.US FAMILY. I03
29. 1866, married, Jan. 1, 1896, Mary Beatrice Lynch,
daughter of William A. and Julia (McDermott) Lynch,
horn .at Dorchester, Mass. Sept. 22, 1872; had three
daughters born in Arlington, Mass., viz.:
Beatrice Olive 9, born Dec. 16, 1898 ;
Anna Gertrude 9, born July 16, 1900 ;
Mary Edith 9, born Dec. 15, 1902.
Edith Gertrude 8, born at East Boston, Mass. July 4,
1868, married at Dorchester, Mass. March 24, 1896,
Franklyn Samuel Rideout, son of Franklyn D. and Abbie
(Hardwick) Rideout, born July 27, 1872; died at Maiden,
Mass. Dec. 25, 1898. Had Jessie 9, born at Chicago, 111.
Dec. 30, 1896.
Otis Winchester 7, born at Troy, N. Y.August 24,
died at Calaveras Co. June 29, 1896; married 1st Ellen
Cheever, at North Branch, Cal. She died 1866. They
had no children. Married second, at Petersburg. Cala-
vera Co. Cal. Jan 12, 1870, Clemencia Valdez de Centeno,
daughter of Antonio and Carmen Valdez, of Hermosillo,
Mexico, born Dec. 14, 1840; died June 28, 1898. They
had five children :
Mary Linn 8, born Sept. 9, 1871.
Ruth Ellen 8. born December 26, 1873.
Clara George 8, born September 28, 1875.
William Grant 8, born April 13, 1877.
Alis Lois 8, born November 4, 1879.
Mary Linn 8, married first Antoni Cassovia, August 19,
1889, who died February 4, 1892. They had >ne daughter
Elenor Raymond 9, born June 4, 1890, Oakland, Cal.
Married 2d. John Stevenson, Dec. 6, 1894. They had
one son : Arthur Willis 9, born July 4, 1896, Oakland, Cal.
Married 3d, Charles Henry Walker,, at Reno, Navada,
Sept. 29, 1900. They have three children :
Glenwood Murray, born at Valley Springs, Cal. Sept. 23,
1902. Charles- Craig born at Valley Springs, Cal. Sept.
13, 1904. Sidney Harold 9. b. at Valley Springs, Cal.
July 28, 1906.
Ruth Ellen 8, born Dec. 26, 1878, married in 1892, John
104- WILUS FAMILY.
Hoey. The> r had one daughter, Clara Lillian, born 1893.
Married 2, Andrew Jordahl, 1901. Nochildren.
Clara George 8, born Sept. 28, 1875, unmarried. Died
1897 or 1898.
William Grant 8, born April 13, 1877, married Annie
Mastinez Dec. 18, 1899; had William Grant, jr. 9, b. 1900.
Alis Lois 8, born Nov. 4, 1S79. Married Sept. 28, 1907,
in Oakland, Cal. Frank Smith, born 1879. No children.
Algernon 7, born in Lebanon, N. H. July 28, 1833. Mar-
ried Susan Leonora Marston, at Deerfield, N. H. Sept. 7,
1859, who died at Deerfield, N. H. May 17, 1900 : —
Had Eben Marston 8, born at Claremont, N. H. May 11
1871 ; married Lena Vera George, at Concord, N. H.
October 2, 1895. They have Mary Elizabeth 9, born
July 25, 1899.
Mary Linn 7, born January 13, 1836, died August 20,
1869. Married Oct. 23, 1861, Philip Colby Bean, son of
William Henry and Mary Swett (Colby) Bean; born
April 24, 18^6, died Ma-rch 25, 189S. Had, —
Lemuel Willis, born Sept. 19, 1866, at Warner, N. H.
Married Carrie Belle Frost, Oct. 23, 1901 ; daughter of
William E. and' Alma (Wood) Frost, of Brookline, Mass.
born Feb. 9, 1876, in Boston.
Harlon Simmons, born at Cambridgeport, Mass. July 18
1843, mariied Susan Adelia, born Sept. 17, 1846, daugh-
ter of Joshua and Lavinia (Foster) Sawyer, at Warner,
N. H. Sept. 17, 1870; had —
Arthur Lincoln 8, born at Warner, N. H. June 25,
1872; married Sarah Mabtrl Gould, daughter of Henry
Chandler and Elvira Marvin (Way) Gould, at Hillsboro
Bridge, N. H. Nov. 4, 1895.
Edward Simmons 8, Dec. 22, 1881."
Florence Cheenev 8, born Nov'r 21, 1883.
For other branches of the Willis family, in America, see
New England Genealogical Register, 1859.
OLD ELIOT. 105.
East Eliot M. E. Church.
By Mrs. Mary A. Butler.
Previous to 1826, there was but one church in Eliot, —
the Congregationalist, which was situated near the centre
of the town. At that time we find this among the old
church records :
The people desiring religious worship in East Eliot,
called a meeting by a warrant from the Justice of the
Peace, organized themselves, by choosing the necessary
officers, into a society, to build a house of worship. They
chose a building committee, who contracted with "James
Raitt to build a meeting house for $1350,00 ; which was
raised April 14, 1826, and, according to the custom of the
times was named. At this ceremony the speaker, sitting
astride the ridgepole, repeated the following lines :
Here is a fine frame for public worship raised,
In which the God of Nature is to be praised;
Religion is our object, and if we keep it in view,
Morality will be established, and religion, too;
The Contractor has faithfully begun,
And treated his men well as far as he has gone;
And when the Father calls His children home,
May this Contractor be one of them.
After this came the breaking of a jug and two tumblers,
by the speaker.
In the summer of this year, a stranger came to Eliot,
and requested the privilege of preaching the gospel. As
no public house was available, he accepted the invitation
of Capt. Elisha Goodwin, to preach in his house.
This was the first sermon by a Methodist; and the
preacher was the Rev. George Pickering.
The second was preached by Rev. Shipley Wilson, in a
wood house of Mr. Goodwin. His text was John xi, 5.
The proprietors of the new church were probably influ-
enced somewhat by these sermons; for we find in the
records, soon after, this vote :
r " Voted, that this Society be called the Methodist So-
ciety ; and that a committee be appointed to request a
106. EAST EUOT CHURCH.
minister of that Society to preach a dedication sermon on
twenty-third of August."
The services of Rev. John N. Maffitt, an eloquent
Methodist minister from New Hampshire, were secured for
the occasion ; his text was Gen. xxviii, 17.
The afternoon sermon was by Rev. Thomas Greenhalyh
who came to this country, from England, a few months
There are few now living who remember the interior of
the Church as it was first finished. The contract thus
describes the pulpit :
" The pulpit is to be built decently plain, and to stand
on two posts in front, with stairs leading to the same to
go up on the backside, with a suitable door to the same."
Above the room now used for a vestry, was a gallery,
called the singers' seats. This gallery was reached by a
flight of steps at each end of the hall that extended across
the entire front of the house.
After the dedication, we find this record :
"Voted, that the committee be authorized to procure a
Methodist preacher, to preach in said house for the future,
and as soon as may be."
Rev's Phineas Crandall, Giles Campbell and Oren Bent
alternated as supplies, until Conference assembled in 1827.
The first Class was formed March 17, 1827, by Phineas
Crandall. There were six members :
Capt. Moses Paul and his wife, Mrs. Mary Paul,
Mary J. Bartlett,
Miss Sarah J. Paul,
Kben Bartlett and his wife, Mrs Alice Bartlett.
The Leader of the Class was Capt. Moses Paul. Mrs.
Alice Bartlett died March 20, 1890, aged ninety-two years.
In the records we find this request for a preacher from
the Maine Conference :
" We wish to have a smart Preacher, of Piety and Edu-
cation, without a family, as our means of support will be
small the first year. If such a man can be obtained, we
think he will build up a large Society in a few years."
EAST ELIOT CHURCH.
Conference responded by sending Rev. Charles Baker.
The first Sabbath School Society adopted its Constitution
The Parsonage was built in 1834 ; and was first occupied
by Rev. George D. Strout. The earlier preachers resided
in the house now owned by John Shapleigh, near the
In 1854, the Church was repaired and remodeled ; and
again in 1878.
In 1890, it was thoroughly reconstructed. A vestry
with dining room and kitchen above, occupy the place of
the old hall and gallery ; the tower has been removed from
the roof and another built at the side of the house.
Another important event in this history, was the organ-
ization of the Kpworth League, in 1890 The League is
still an efficient aid in all departments of Church work.
The following ministers have served the Church at
1827. Charles Baker.
1828-9. Justin Spaulding.
1830-1. Aaron Sanderson.
1832. Caleb Mugford.
1833-4. Daniel Crocket.
1835. George Strout.
1836. Gorham Greely.
1837. James Harrington.
1838. Horatio N. Macomber
1839-40-41. John Rice.
1842. Jesse Harriman.
1843-4. Francis Massuere.
1845. Silas M. Emerson.
1846. John W. Atkins.
1847-8. Alvra Hatch.
1849-50. John W. True.
1851-2. John Mitchell.
1853-4. John Cobb.
1855-6. Simeon W. Pierce.
1857-8. Albert T. Barnard.
1859-60. Dan'l Waterhouse
1861-2. Alpheus Loveweli.
1863. Sargent S. Gray.
1864-5. A - R - Sylvester.
1866-7. Ezekiel Robinson.
1968. Marcus Wight.
1869-70/ Oliver M. Cousens.
1871-2. Gershom F. Cobb.
1873-4. Hezekiah Chase.
1875-6-7. Silas F. Strout.
1878-9. George R. Wilkins.
1880-1-. John B. Lapham.
1882. John M. Woodbury.
1883-4-5. James H. Trask.
1886-7. Kinsman Atkinson.
1888-9. John Gibson.
1890-1-2. Gilbert I. Lowe.
1893-4. Erntst A. Porter.
1895-6 Eugene W Kennison
1897-1900. Frank C. Potter.
1901-3. T. C. Chapman.
1904-8. John E. Clancey.
1909. Wm. P. Eldredge.
io8. OLD 3U0T.
Solemnized by a Methodist Clergyman.
The following marriages were "solemnized by the Rev.
Aarou Sanderson," who was the Methodist clergyman
stationed at the East Eliot church, in 1830-31. They are
copied from a little record book of the clergyman, now
preserved as a relic of his busy life and clerical duties :
February 3. Samuel Bridges and
% Olive Ann Jenkins, both of Kliot.
May 9. Joseph Emery and
Olive Odiorn, both of Eliot.
August 11. Nathaniel Foster and
Mary Fry, both of Eliot.
Nov'r 30. Daniel Pierce, jr. of Kittery, and
Mary J. Bartlett, of Eliot.
Dec'r 15. Peltiah Moore and
Katherine Frost, both of Eliot.
1832. ' :
Jan'y 11. Samuel Hmscom, Eliot, and
Lydia Willey, of Kittery.
Jan^y 22. Eliot Emery, and
Hannah Foss, both of Eliot.
April 2. Alexander Junkins, of I-erwick, and
Elisabeth L. Staples, of Eliot.
We do consider that a man who insults a School Teacher,
insults the whole Inhabitants of the Said District.
An Eliot School Committee, Sixty Years ago.
OLD ELIOT. IO9.
South Eliot M. E. Church.
Gleanings from a manuscript history by
SAMUEL H. REEVE.
Joseph Spinney, Levi Remick, Asa Brooks and Wash-
ington Remick, were the earliest to be interested in this
church ; and were Methodists long before it was organ-
ized. Many others also, residents of South Eliot, attended
the Methodist services at Spruce Creek.
In 1838, a Bible Study began in South Eliot: Hannah
Remick and Harriet Hanscom, visited the people from
house to house, and invited families to the School House
for Sabbath sessions; and the result was, — the erection of
a new house,
In 1843, Levi Remick, Asa Brooks, Washington Rem-
ick, Joseph Spinney, with orhers, went to the woods,
cut and hewed timber ; and in one year, — 1844, — the new
house of worship was completed. It was built on the
upper end of Eliot Neck, and the east side of the Bolt
1 1 was dedicated as a Methodist Episcopal Church. The
leading clergyman in this transaction, was Elisha Adams,
of the New Hampshire Conference, stationed at Ports-
mouth. South Eliot, however, was of the Maine Conf. • \
The first Class was formed in 1843, by the Rev. J. C.
Perry. He was the Pastor at Kittery.
In 1845, (some think in the Fall of 1844,) the Rev.
Josiah Hooper, became the First Minister of the M. E.
Church of South Eliot ; young, active and successful, at
that early date ; and still alive and hale, — in his ninety-
first year. He received his commission in that early day
from David Copeland, (then Presiding Elder ;) and re-
mained with the new church two years. At that time
Asa Brooks was the Class Leader.
The Second Minister, stationed by Conference, 1847,
was the Rev. Abram R. Lunt.
Then followed two years, in which there was no Pastor.
The local church secured supplies as they were able.
HO. , OLD ELIOT.
Jn 1850, the Rev. Mr. Simpson was procured.
In 185 1, the Rev. James Marston was the supply. A
revival led to additions to the church, and increased its
In 1852, Rev. Stephen H. Tobey was sent by the Maine
In 1853, a change came: a Wesleyan Methodist, the
Rev. William C. Clark, supplied; and he induced many
to form a Wesleyan Church :—
And in the years 1853-4. the present church edifice was
built ; it was dedicated in June. The first house was
moved and became the Parsonage and Class Room.
Mr. Clark remained three years, then left the pulpit
vacant. The Maine Conference came at once to the rescue.
In 1856. Rev. Mr. Whitaker was procured.
In 1857, Rev. James P.errin was the supply ; he came
from the New Hampshire Conference
In 185S, the Maine Conference sent the Rev. F. A. Craft.
Are-organization in the Church took place ; are-union
with the Annual Conference. Granville A. Rernick was
the first Class Leader under this movement. In 1859,
.under Mr. Craft's ministry, a revival occured, and the
entire community was interested.
In the i86o's, a season of depression fell upon the as-
semblies ; from 1863 to 1865, the Church was left to be
supplied : —
The Rev. Horace Sawyer was called ; he remained
nearly two jeais. and was acceptable;
• Re**. Mr. Carter came from the Biblical Institute at
Concord ; he remained a year;
Rev. S. Holmau, then residing at Portsmouth, fol-
lowed for a few months.
Rev. James O. Thompson was sent, in 1866,-from the
Concord Institute. He came in June to reside.
Rev. Alvah Cook was sent in 1867; remained three
years; and another revival was the result of his efforts.
In 1870, came Rev. E. H. McKenuey, and he was suc-
cessful In 1871, he left for other fields. But the pulpit
was supplied. •
A List of the Ministers,—
and the years of service,
each year beginning in the Spring, —
will be found on the following page: —
OLD EMOT. III.
Rev. Alvah Cook returned in 1874 ; he had three suc-
In 1877, Rev. Alpha Turner was sent by Conference.
He was however, stationed at Kittery Second Church, — \
and the Rev. B. Freeman ministered at South Eliot. At
this date, .the Sabbath School, through the efforts of Mrs.
Freeman, became very successful.
In 18&6, Rev. Kinsman Atkinson was stationed at Eliot.
He supplied two years.
From 1888 to 1901, Kittery First Church and South
Eliot were united. The ministers resided in South Eliot
except Rev. Mr. Mitchell.
' In 1902, Kittery desired its own pastor ; therefore Rev.
Mr. Gerry was stationed at South Eliot, — 1902-3. Since
then the Eliot Church has been supplied by the Pastor of
Kittery Second Church.
A new parsonage was erected in 1893 ; and a vestibule
was added to the entrance of the church ; horse sheds
also were erected.
Rev. Mr. Pratt not only advocated these improvements,
but, with tools at his command, he exercised his mechan-
ical as well as ministerial skill. And not only were these
externals accomplished during his ministry, but a new
Organ was placed within the edifice.
^-Rev. E. W. Kennison, during his stay, advised the
new furnace, instead of the unsightly sfoves. j
The Rev. Elbridge Gerry did a most pleasant work,
the edifice underwent a thorough renovation ; and the
vestry, also, -was included in the improvements.
When the attractive and convenient improvements were
complete, the Conference re-dedicated the House.
Rev. .B. C. Wentworth, afterward Presiding Elder, and
District Supt. preached the dedicatory sermon.
The List of the Ministers
and the Years of Service, M. E. Church, South Eiiot.
Each Year begins with Spring.
E. H. McKenney, 1870-71.
A. C. Trafton, 1872-73
Alvah Cook, 1874-76
Alpha Turner, t 1877
Benj. Freeman, 1877-78
R. H. Kimball, 1879-80
H. B. Mitchell, 1881-82
E. K. Colby, 1883-84
H. F. A. Patterson, 1885
Kinsman Atkinson 1886-87
W. F. Marshall, 1888-89
H. B. Mitchell, 1890-91
David Pratt, 1892-96
H. W. Kennlson, 1897-99
Elbridge Gerry, 1900-03
Sylvester Hooper, 1904-06
Daniel Onstott, 1907-9
t Exchanged to Kittery Second Church.
Josiah Hooper 1845,
Abram R, Lunt,
S. H. Tobey,
W. C Clark,
F. A. Crafts,
Horace Sawyer, 18m
Mr Carter, *i yr.
S. Holman, *3 mo.
James O. Thompson
1688. Thomas Hanscora, Sen'r, hath Credit on Mr.
Robert Eliot's Book for 30 ps. Timb'r, fetch't by Mr.
Nath'll Fryer, about Novemb'r, 1688.
Contents, Twenty Eight Tunns of pine Timb'r.
Test : Nicho. Heskins.
Recorded According to ye Original,
April 16, 1714.
OLD EMOT. 113.
James W. Bartlett.
James W. Bartlett, the second son ol Nathan and
Mehitable (Kmery) Bartlett, was born July 1, 1828, in the
old Bartlett homestead in Eliot.
He went to school in the old school house in District
Number One, where his aptness lor mathematics was
developed and strengthened. Among his teachers were
Thomas Clemens, Monroe Hunt,
Sarah Mclntire, Joshua Frost,
Amos Sargent, Albion Hammond.
Mr. Odell and George Emery also taught the school
about this time.
After he was *twelve years old, James attended school
in the winters only, finding occupation with his brothers
on his father's farm, through the other seasons.
For twenty years, James was actively engaged with his
brother Sylvester, in a large retail beef business. They
bought their cattle, had all their beef dressed for them,
and sold from their carts in the near-by towns. * i
Starting this business in 1855, they continuedit through
the war ; and after retiring from it in the Seventies, James
gave his attention to farming, raising, for many years,
large crops of cucnmbers, which he pickled before whole-
James inherited the Bartlett homestead, which has been
in the family since 1713 ; andmarried Caroline A. Good-
wi .1, daughter of Nathaniel and Abigail (Rait) Goodwin,
of Biddelord, October 24, 1861 ; she died March 26, 1887,.
leaving three children :
Abigail Goodwin ; i
John Heard ;
Alfred, graduated at Dartmouth Col. 1894 ;
conducts a publishing business, Boston.
Abigail Goodwin married John H. Griffin, Oct. 16, 1888,
and lives in Newmarket, N. H.; they have three children :
Bartlett, a student at Dartmouth College ;
James Bartlett married, second, Lydia F. daughter of
Stephen and Lydia (Emery) Worster, Oct. 30, 1888.
He enjoys farm-life, and has given great care to his
Jands ; — his fields producing many tons of the cleanest
timothy ; and his apple orchards large quantities of finest
Although an active farmer, he finds enjoyment in travel
and has visited most of the states of the union.
He is a member and liberal supporter of the Methodist
Church ; a strong believer in Prohibition, — and in other
movements which he believes to be for the greatest good
to the greatest number.
Being by nature a financier, and a man of integrity, he
renders valued service io the Salmon Falls Bank, for
which he has been Auditor for several years.
Straight forward and honest in his dealings, he has no
patience with the tricks and trades of politicians ; but he is
a constant reader of the doings of Congress, in which he is
deeply interested. He holds his opinions strongly, and
his ready memory of facts and figures furnish him material
for discussion at all times.
Fearless, noble and patriotic, he gazes hopefully and
optimistically on the fufure of his country. Hospitable,
generous and cheerful, he loves nothing more than to be
surrounded by his family and friends.
March 24, 1717-18. Nicholas Shapeigh, son and heire
Surviveing of my late father, John Shapleigh, sells to
William Brooks, lands bounded by Moses Hanscom,
et als, near to ye road that goes from Capt'n Leighton's
to Sturgeon Creek. —
1717. Sam'l Hanscom witnesses deed of sale of land, —
Joseph Wilson, Kittery, to Paul Wentworth, of Dover.
May 13. 1718. Samuel Hanscom witnesses deed of sale
of land, — Thomas Knight to John Dennet, both of Kittery.
— Will lam fogg. gleanings.
OLD EMOT. 115. .
BY M. S.
The family tradition is, that three brothers, — William,
Samuel and Benjamin, — came to this country from Kent's
county, England, to escape the great plague in London,
which was in 1665.* They landed at Kittery Point.
Later, William married Mehitable Weymouth ; settled
in what is now Eliot, north of Sturgeon Creek, by the
river. The land where the house stood, is now owned by
George Brown, who uses water out of the old well.
The old burying ground is near by, as shown on an old
map, owned by George E- Stacy. In 1779, there were'
thirteen graves, besides their slaves who were buried on a
knoll, a short distance away. One Samuel Stacy, an old
man, was buried in 1770, according to the headstone, —
probably William's son. William died in 1752.
Second Generation : —
Benjamin, son of William and Mehitable (Weymouth)
Stacy, married, October 7, 1730, Lydia Libbey, of Ber-
wick. He lived where his father had lived before him;
had several children.
Third Generation : —
Ichabod, son of Benjamin and Lydia ( Libbey) Stacy,
born 1731, married, 1736, Lydia Guptilf, of Berwick ; lived
on the old homestead by the river. Ichabod was King's
Surveyor. Died in 18 io. Their children were : — ;
Fourth Generation : —
William, married and lived iu Berwick, where his
descendants lived for several generations. Rev. Thomas
Stacy, of the Free Baptist denomination, is one of the
descendants ; report says he is one of their best.
Benjamin, son of Ichabod, also lived in Berwick.
The late Gilman Stacy was his grandson. They are all
gone now; and the houses that Ichabod built. The
See Chades Dickins' Hist, of England, p. 358.
Il6. ;■ OLD ELIOT.
writer well remembers the house where old Dea. Samuel
Stacy lived, grandfather of the Rev. Samuel Stacy.
Sarah, married Mr. Pike, of Berwick.
John, son of Ichabod, was in the Revolution; en-
listed when twenty years old, and served until nearly the
close of the war, when he lost a leg ; he married and was
living in Porter, Oxford Co. in 1812, according to an old
deed. Received a pension. Died 1838, aged 84 years.
Betsey, married Nov. 22, 1797, John Frost, jr.
Alice, married Oct. 27, 1799. Samuel Hodsdon.
Molly, married June 28, 1792, John Remick, jr.; lived
in Ossipee, N. H.
• George, son of Ichabod and Lydia (Guptill) Stacy, born
1780, left Eliot when a young man and went to Pittston ;
married, 1807, Betsy Scott, of Wiscassett. Genealogy says
she came of one of the first families. Respected by all, she
died in 1870, aged ninety-four years.
Later they came to Eliot ; bought out the heirs of his
father's and mother's estate, and lived on the home place
until he was about sixty-three years old, when he built
the house w T here George E. Stacy now lives. He owned
a field there ; but Nathaniel Stacy and his wife owned the
land next the road. They refused to sell him a houselot,
so he built in from the road. After they died the land was
for sale ; and Mr. Stacy bought out to the road. He died
hi Eliot, 1867, aged 87 years.
The children of George and Betsey (Scott) Stacy were :-
fifth Generation : —
Gilbert, born Nov'r 27, 1807, died 1829-30.
Daniel, born Feb. 25, 1809 ; m. Elisabeth Ann Whitehouse,
of South Berwick ; no children. He was a musician in
his youngjer years ; played the trombone and bass-viol :
- wrote music and taught singing school ; played the fife
in his old age. He sung the old tunes until just before
his death. He died Oct. 1. 1891, of heart failure.
Lucy Ann, died in infancy.
Mary E. born March 7, 1814, married John Smith of Pitts-
ton ; was a milliner ; died in Portland, August, 1871.
OL.D ELIOT. 117.
buried in Eliot.
John, born Sept. 12, 1816, in Eliot; married Mary Gard-
ner. Married 2, Agnes Ricker, of Berwick. He lived
to be ninety-two years old. Died at Woburn, Mass. —
Their only son living, John F. married and is living in
Chicago ; he is an artist ; teaches in a Technical High
School in that city.
George W. born June 10, 1818 ; married Mary Ann Guptil
of Berwick. His name is on the catalogue of students
of Berwick Academy, 1838, and Eliot Academy, 1840.
He was a musician of no mean power ; gave lessons on
the violin. Children living in Boston. No sons.
Hannah J. born June 19, 1823, married Mark O. Neil, of
Bath. She was a born milliner ; conducted the business
many years in Bath and Portland. Is now living with
her daughter Jennibel. in Boston. A neighbor made the
remark, that " Nature did a great deal for that family."
Lydia A. born Oct. 1, 1828, married Leonard Waterhouse,
Scarborough, deceased. Lived at Portland, Maine, and
kept a Milliner's store for many years, as did her elder
sisters. Her son George Waterhouse, is in the same
business in Portland. Her daughter, Mrs. Bates, re-
sides in Boston.
Joseph, born October 25, 1825, in Eliot ; went to Salem,
Mass., to work at the couriers trade. Married Mary
Ricker, of Berwick, May 27, 1856 ; lived in Mass'ts until
1869, when he returned to Eliot, where 1 is family now
reside. He enlisted in the Civil War, as musician, in
Co I, Mass'tts 4, Heavy Artillery; served until the
War closed. Was fond of music and nature ; enjoyed
playing on the violin. Died in Eliot July 14, 1905.
The children of Joseph and Mary (Ricker) Stacy, —
Rosalie, born Sept. 23, 1857, died Oct. 29, 1864.
Freddie, born March 17, 1859, died Sept. 12, 1759. \
George E. born Aug. 17, i860, in Salem, Mass., married
Ada A. Spinney, of South Eliot, Nov. 10, 1894.
1 18. OLD ELIOT.
Joseph Walter, born April 29, died June 29, 1865.
Ralph Winfield, born August 5, 1871, married Mrs. May
Philbrick, Sept. 2, 1901 ; lives in Lynn, Mass. Trade,
brickrnason. No children.
Flora Evelyn, born April 30, 1875, married Oct. 11, 1906,
Walter W. Grant, of Wells, Maine. They have one
child. Esther Elisabeth.
Seventh Generation : —
Viola Marie, daughter of George E. and Ada A. (Spin-
ney) Stacy, born June 13. 1895.
Howard Eugene, son of George E. and Ada A. (Spin-
ney) Stacy, born October 26, 1896. .-
Jchabod Stacy's List of Houses.
The Oiiginal Papers in Possession of George E Stacy.
Kittery, January 16, 1799 : —
I hereby present the iollowing list of my dwelling
houses iu the Town of Berwick, in the North Parish, in
the County of York :
One Dwelling house, 32 feet long, 16 feet wide, one
Story ; Situated on my farm, on two acres of land joining
the s-tnie ; 5 windows, 12 squares, 6 by 8 inches ; 4 win-
dows of 6 squares, 6 by 8 inches ; built of wood ; 35 years
old, half finished ; occupied by my son, Benj. Stacy.
1 Dwelling house 28 feet long & 14 feet wide, occupied
by my son, William Stacy ; one story ; 4 windows, 24
squares, 6 by 8, situated un two acres of land where my
sou William lives ; built of wood 26 years ago ; no part
finished. Ichabod Stacy.
I hereby present the following list of my land, in the
Town of Berwick, in the North Parish : 1 piece of 68 acres
after deducting 2 acres for the house occupied by my son
1 piece of 138 acres, after deducting 2 acres for the house
occupied by son William Stacy, (chiefly wilderness )
Kittery, January i6th, 1799. Ichabod Stacy.
OLD ELIOT. 119.
The Fifth Annual Meeting of The Piscataqua Pion-
eers, was held August 31, 1909, — the members and guests
meeting at Beacham's stable, Portsmouth, taking convey-
ance from there to Odiorne's Point, visiting the site of the
first settlement in New Hampshire ; also the old Cemetery
and site uf the old Garrison ; thence proceeding to New-
castle, stopping at Fort Constitution and Walbach Tower ;
and thence to Hotel Curtis, where the Meeting was called
to order by the President, J. L. M. Willis, M. D., of
Eliot, Maine. j
• The Call for the Meeting was read by the Secretary.
John Scales, Esq., of Dover, N. H., read a paper
entitled " The Settlement of Odiorne's Point and Hilton's
Point, otherwise known as Dover Point."
The President, J. L. M. Willis, M. D., of Eliot, Maine,
presented a paper : " The Submission of Maine to Massa-
Hon. Moses A. Safford, of Kittery, Maine, read a paper
on "The Piscataqua Pioneer, Captain John ■Mason."
Rev. George M. Bodge, ot Boston, Mass., gave an
interesting talk on "The Bodge Family, of Kittery,
An original Poem was read"by William Hale, M. D., of
Gloucester, Mass., "A Legend of Gosport Town."
The Secretary's and Treasurer's Reports were read, and
placed on file.
Bill from the Secretary for postage and notices was read
and ordered to be paid.
Through the Hon. Moses A. Safford, of Kittery, Maine,
— the State Librarian, of Maine, Hon. E. W. Emery, pre-
sented the Society with Volumes V to XVI, of York
Deeds ; and a vote of thanks was extended to him.
The Secretary reported that he could procure the first
four volumes, at a small expense ; and, on motion, he was
appointed the Committee to get the same for the Society.
120. PISCATAQUA PLANTATION.
The following were—
nominated and elected to Membership :
Charles H. Batchelder, of Portsmouth, N. H. in the right
of William Cotton, of Portsmouth, N. H.
Miss Elizabeth Bartlett. of Eliot, Maine, in the right of
Nathan Bartlett, ot Kittery, now Eliot.
Miss Mary L. Spinney, of South Eliot, Maine, in the right
of Caleb Spinney, of Kittery, now Eliot.
James W. Locke, of Kittery, Maine, in the right of Capt.
John Locke, of Portsmouth, N. H. 1636, and
William Sherburne, of Portsmouth, N. H. 1725.
Edgar A. Leighton, of Somersworth, N., H. in the right
of Thomas Leighton, of Dover, N. H. 1635, and
Thomas Edged v, of Dover, N. H., 1665.
Nathan Goold, of Portland, Maine, in the right of
Nicholas P'rost, and Goold, Kittery, Maine,
Miss Susan Woodman, of Dover, N. H., in the right of
John Odiorne, of Portsmouth, N. H.
Charles Wesley Tibbetts, of Dover, N. H., in the right of
Henry Tibbetts, of Dover, N. H.
Mrs. Hannah Chandler Tibbetts, of Dover, in the right of
Alexander Shapleigh. of Kittery, Maine.
Mrs. Sophia Hall, of Dover, N. H., in the right of
Ebenezer Thompson, of Durham, N. H.
Miss Annie K. Seavey, of Dover, N. H. in the right of
Thomas Canney, of Dover Neck, 1631,* and
William Seavey, of Seavey's Island, Isles of
Mrs. Ellen S. Rounds, Dover, N. H., in the right of
Ralph Twonibly, of Dover.
William Hale, M. D., of Gloucester, Mass. in the right of
Nathan Lord, of Kittery, now So. Berwick, Maine.
Mrs. Ida Estelle (Paul) Fernald, of Worcester, Mass., in
the right of Daniel Paul, Kittery, now Eliot.
Mrs. S.irah P. Billings, of Boston, Mass., in the right of
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. 121.
Fred B. Furbish, of Cambridge, Mass., in the right of
i — Furbish, of Eliot, Maine.
Waiter N. Weeks, of Whitehall, New York.
The President appointed Messrs Safford and Moses and
Mrs. Alice J. Moore, a committee to prepare a list of
officers for the ensuing year. They presented the follow-
ing names : —
John Scales, Dover, N. H.
Vice Presidents :
John M. Moses, Northwood Ridge, N. H.
J. L. M. Willis, Eliot, Maine.
Alexander Dennett, Kittery, Maine.
Oliver P. Remick, Kittery, Maine.
Mrs. Alice J. Moore, Kittery, Maine.
Mrs. Florence A. Crane, Des Moines, Iowa.
Samuel K. Hamilton, Boston, Mass.
Miss Theodora Chase, Newton, Mass.
Denison R. Slade, Center Harbor, N. H.
Rev. George M. Bodge, Boston, Mass.
Oliver Remick Grant, New York City, N. Y.
Alexander Dennett, Kittery, Maine.
Albert H. Lamson, Elkins, N. H.
Hon. Moses A. Safford, Kittery, Maine.
Henry W. Fernald, Boston, Mass.
Albert H. Lamson, Elkins, N. H.
J. L. M. Willis, M. D. Eliot, Maine.
Charles A. Hazlett, Portsmouth, N. H.
Albert H. Lamson, Elkins, N. H.
—all of whom were elected to serve as officers for one year.
Letters were read from the following :
Fred B. Furbish, Mrs. Anna M...Chandler Rider,
Mrs. Florence A. Crane, Mrs. J. Quincy Billings,
John Scales, , Charles A. Hazlett,
122. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS.
A. Augustus Stocker, M. D.
Frank R. Strong, Walter D. McKinnev,
Denison R. Slade, Orra E. Momiette,
George Francis Dow, of the Essex Institute, Salem, Ms.
Charles H. Houghton, Hist. So., Leominster, Mass.
Harriette E.' Jones, Hist. So. of Old Newbury, Mass.
Frank A. Bates, of the Bates Association,
Ellery L. Goff, Antiquarian Society, Rehoboth, Mass.
John K. Allen, of Chicago, presented the Society with a
copy of, — George Morton, of Plymouth Colony, and
some of his Descendants ;
Henry, \V. Fernald, of Boston, Mass , a copy ol — A Cen-
tury of Population Growth in the United States,
1 790- 1 900 ;
Miss Juliet Porter, of Worcester, Mass. a copy of —
A Porter Pedigree ;
The President, Dr. J. L. M. Willis, a copy of— Old Kittery,
and volumes of Old Eliot ;
The Secretary, a copy of Saco Records.
A vote of thanks was extended to them.
Communications from Mrs. Lettie M. O'Neil, ot Clare-
mont, N. H.; Rev. Clarence P. Emery, Chepachet, R. I.;
William M. Emery, Fall River, Mass., were read, expres-
ing their desire to withdraw their Membership from the
Society ; and on motion, their requests were granted.
The Secretary reported that he had applied to the State
Librarian of New Hampshire, for a set of " N. H. State
Papers." A letter was read from him, stating that the
•" Trustees did not see their way clear" to do so.
The Secretary announced that the Directors had held a
meeting, and those members who had not complied with
the requirements for membership had been dropped.
The President declared the meeting adjourned, — the
Society returning by carriage to Portsmouth, over the
" Three Bridges." Respectfully submitted.
Albert H. Lamson, Sec'y.
The various Addresses, of much interest, are upon following pages : —
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES. 123.
The President's Address,— J. L. M. Willis, M'.D.: —
The Submission of Maine to Massachusetts.
J. L. M. WILLIS.
On the banks of the Piscataqua, at Watts' Port, just in
the corner of the highway and the road to Knight's Ferry,
stood William Everett's Tavern, a great three-storied
mansion house, which gave, at all hours, accommodation
to the wayfarer ; and where, in its great front room, many
of the public meetings of the old town were held. Here,
in 1652, November 16th, was signed the Submission of
Maine to Massachusetts, the most important political
event in the history of the Piscataqua Pioneers; and
which, in a lew days, was followed by the submission of
other towns to the eastward.
It may be of interest to sketch briefly the conditions
which led up to this important meeting : —
On the 19th of May, 1643, the Puritan portion of the
Colonies,— Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut and
New Haven, — believing the opportunity a good one, be-
cause at this time the Honse of Commons was in sympathy
with them, formed a compact for mutual aid and counsel.
The Province of Maine, being under Episcopal rule,
could not be admitted ; and New Hampshire had made an
alliance with Massachusetts the year before.
In 1648, the Province of Maine extended from the Piscat-
aqua River to the Kennebec; eastward from the Kenne-
bec, it was known, as the Province of Lygonia. In a
way these two provinces were rivals ; the former under
. Gorges, the latter under Rig by ; they were about equal in
population, although Lygonia was larger in territory.
After the death of Gorges, — Wells, Georgeana, Kittery
and the Isles of Shoals, in July, 1649, held a Convention,
and, after long discussion, they formed a social compact,
which was as follows :
•' We with our free and voluntary consent, do bind
ourselves in a body politic and combination, to see these
parts of the country and provinces regulated, according
124. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
to such laws as have formerly been exercised, and such
others as shall be thought meet, but not repugnant to the
fundamental laws of our native country."
They elected Edward Godfrey, Governor ; and Richard
Leader, Nicholas Shapleigh, Thomas Withers, Edward
Rishworth, Councillors; Edward Rishworth was also made
Recorder. This contract was continued two years.
When they heard of the death of King Charles, they
indicated their willingness to take direction from Parlia-
ment, and asked by petition, December ist, 1651, for the
same rights and privileges as were bestowed on other
Previous to this, in October, 1651, at the session of the
General Court, Massachusetts planned to extend her
jurisdiction over. Maine, because she had long felt the
danger of the form of government existing there, so en-
tirely different from her own. Her people had left their
homes, many of them of comfort and luxury, for the
enjoyment of religious freedom ; while Maine's settlement
was made up of those who had come to seek their fortune
with no especial regard for any religious principles ; al-
though they preferred the faith of the Episcopal or High
Church of England.
I Winthrop and his government hated to see this directly
opposite form of Church and State so near ; aud they w r ent
about shrewdly, to change all this, and prevent the danger
to themselves. They guessed that their charter, if taken
literally and a survey made, would give them quite a little
of Maine territory ; and they voted unanimously, ^on
March 31st, 1652 :
4< The extent of the line is to be from the Northernmost
part of the River Merrimack, and three miles more North
where it is to be found, be it a hundred miles more or less
from the sea, and thence upon a straight line East and
West to each sea. and this to be the true interpretation of
the Termes of the Limmette Northward granted in the
They then sent surveyors, or artists as they were called,
PISCATAOUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES. 125.
to look after this ; and marks of their survey may be seen
in the famous "Endicott Rock," at the outlet of Winnipi-
seogee, at the Weirs, on the Meredith side ; here is a
large boulder bearing the inscription:
E. J. S. W. W. P. IOH.N. - -Endicott, Gov.
[Initials of Edward Johnson, Simon Willard, Comm'rs
and the Worshipful John Endicott, Governor.]
The report of this survey was, that Massachusetts owned
as far East as the Presumpsco River ; and she immediately
set about to take possession. On the 14th of October,
1651, Dep. Gov. Bellingham and Mr. Samuel Symonds,
Assistant, were selected by the Massachusetts Court, to
draw up an address to the Governor of Maine. This is
the gist of it :
tl Whereas, by the extent of the line of o'r pattent, it
doth appeare that the towne of Kettery, & many miles to
the northward thereof, is comp'hended w'thin o'r graunt ;
& forasmuch as this Courte hath beene informed that
there hath beene a late endeavor of severall psons -there-
abouts, to draw the inhabitants of Kettery, who govern
now by combination, to petition Parlianr t of England, for
a grant of the sd place, which the major pt ot the inhab-
itants refused to doe; many of them expressinge theire
willingness rather to submit themselves to the govern-
ment of Mass'tts.
* * This Court takeing into consideracon the p'mises,
together with the commodiousnes of the River, of Pa scat, &
how p'judiciall it would be to this government if ye
afforesd place and river should be posse sed by such as
are no ffriends to vs, hath ordred, that a lovinge and
ffriendly l'tre be sent from this Court to the sd inhabitants
of Kettery, aquay'tinge them w'th o'r affore sd right, &
Commission granted to Mr. Simon Bradstreete, Major
Daniel Denison, and Capt. Wm. Hawthorne, to treat with
them accordinge to instruct's given, to receive them vnder
this government, if tearms of agreement can be concluded
vppon by mutual consent : —
(and then the "lovinge and ffriendly" wise men of Bos-
ton, added an— Otherwise :)
" Other wise haveinge made o'r right and layd claim to
the place, to p'test ag't any further p'ceedings, by vertue
126. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
of theire combin't or other interest w'tsoever ; and Mr,
Belingham & Mr Symonds to draw the l'tre and instruc-
The Commission was made up of her strongest men.
Bradstreet was a Councilor of long experience ; Denison
was the Commander of the Militia, and Hawthorne the
Speaker of the House ; but they returned unsuccessful,
after proclaiming to the people of Maine the right of
Massachusetts to govern them ; and they t^ld them that
they need pay no further attention to Gov. Godfrey or his
Another Commission, consisting of Bradstreet, Simonds,
Wiggins and Pendleton, in October, 1652, was appointed
to visit Kittery, with instructions as given in the following
notice : —
" To the Inhabitants of Kittery :
Whereas the General Court Holden at Boston, in the
last month, did Appoint Us whose Names are here under-
written, as by their Commission under the Seal of the
Colony ot the Massachusetts, doth or may Appear By
Summons to Assemble the Inhabitants of this Town
together, in Some Place where we Should Judge most
Convenient, and to declare unto them our Just Right'and
Interest to & Jurisdiction over the Tract of Land where
you inhabit, requiring their Subjection there unto. As-
sureing them they Enjoye equal protection & priviledge
with them selves.
This is therefore to Desire you & in the Name of the
Government of the Massachusetts to require you, and
every one of you, to Assemble together before us, at the
house of Wm. Everett, between Seven & Eight of the
Clock in "the Morning, the 16 of this present Novemb'r,
to the end afores'd, & to Setle the Goverment amongst you
Which we hope will tend to the Glory of God and to the
peace and Welfare of the whole.
,l Dated the 15th of November, 1652, & Signed
Simon Bradstreet Tho's Wiggins
Samuel Simonds Brian Pendleton."
Accordingly, on Nov. 16, 1652, the Commissioners came
to'Everett's Inn, and this is the word the Court spoke to
them when they started on the journey to our borders :
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES. 127.
" Whereas you are chosen Commissioners by this Court
to settle the Civill government amongst the inhabitants of
Kittery, the Isle of Shoals, Agamenticus, and so to "the
northerly extent of o'r patent, you are hereby authorized
and required with all convenient speede to repayre to
those partes, and there, by Summons, to assemble the
inhabitants together, — to declare unto them o'r just right
to, and jurisdiction o'ver those tractes of land where they
inhabitt, requireing theire subjection thereunto, assuring
them they shall enjoy equal p'tection and priviledges
with o'rselves, & to settle the government there — as in
your wisdomes you shall judge most to conduce to the
glory of God — and the mayntenance of o'r owne just rights
and interests; and we doe hereby require all the inhabit-
ants of the Isle of Shoals & beyond the River of Piscataq
within the limits of o'r pattent to be aydinge & assisting
to these o'r Commissioners."
It is dated Nov'r 8, 1652, and eight days later they were
here, — Simon Bradstreet, (whose wife, Ann Bradstreet,
was the first poetess of New England,) and Samuel Sy-
monds, and Brian Pendleton ; and if several severe rebel-
lions, and some very rough words tend to God's glory,
then that day did. That very morning, one John Burs-
ley, "vttered threatening words," and Charles Frost heard
him ; so did Michael Brance. The said Bursley was
brought into open Court ; and after much manifestation of "
the human, to get out of the scrape and escape punish-
ment, he confessed and submitted.
The Everett Inn had a most memorable meeting. There
were wars and rumors of wars. Not low-minded retalia-
tions, but honest and outspoken convictions. The early
men of Kittery were not shallow ; with solid wisdom, with
clear comprehension of the value of the Maine seacoast,
they fought against the compulsory surrender to the
graspingness of Massachusetts.
But Maine, in 1652, had but "a fringe of settlements" on
its shores. [In 1642, ten years earlier, there were but
fifty towns in all New England, and seventy-seven cler-
gymen.] In Maine, Kittery was the only incorporated
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
At the Eliot Inn, after struggle and discussion, forty
men and one woman, (Mary Bachiller,) "submitted."
This is what the Secretary said :
44 At the time appointed the Inhabitant appeared, a
Court was held ; after long adjutations with them about
the whole buisness in hand, they offered to come Under
the Government of Massachusetts;
Provided, that the Article & Conditions tendered by
by themselves might be received as the grounds thereof ;
Which being wholly denyed by the Commissioners, who
told them they must first Submitt to the Government &
they Should be ready to Afford them Such priviledges &
Immunities as they Shall think meet to Grant. Where-
upon at Length they did Submitt as Follows :
V Wee whose Names are Under written do Acknowl-
edge our Selves Subject to the Government of the Massa-
chusetts Bay, in New England :
The mark N. F. of
Abraham Cunly (Conley)
Robert RM. Mendum
Nic : Shapleigh
the marke of
John Deamunt (Diamond)
Thomas Durston (Duston.) John Bursley
The last eight names
were added the following day.
The Commissioners having arranged that a 1 Deputy
should be sent to Boston Court, and that we should be
PlSCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES. 129.
called Yorkshire, and have our own Militia and M General
Training- Day," went back to Boston content.
Nicholas Shapleigh, the strongest opposer of the Sub-
mission, and the most marked public character of that
date was selected for County Treasurer;
Thomas Dunstan and Robert Mendam were sworn
Hugh Gunnison was licensed to keep an Ordinary, and
sell wine and strong water, and . pay the Government
twenty shillings the butt.
Thus Kittery began its new life and associations in
1652, with two hotelb, two constables, and all the equip-
nientsof office and men.
Hugh Gunnison, in six months, asked to have his
twenty-shillings reduced to ten ; and Massachusetts said,
We will not close this mere outline of a memorable
event without another allusion to Everett's Ordinary, or
Inn. It is the historic house of earliest Eliot. It stood
upon the lands now in possession of Mrs. Pierepont
Hammond. To this day the line oi the cellar walls can
be traced. It was a very large house ; and was the rest-
ing place of the travellers who came or went across the
Ferry. Many were the prominent people who tarried
there for a meal, or for a night's rest.
It was used also for State assemblies, Courts and Town
affairs. Capt. Everett, the proprietor, was a man who
adapted himself to people of rank and title, and to the
plain "goodrnan," with his ax or hoe.
The ancient road came up from the Ferry, and went by
it; and on the riverside was the Ferryman's house, also
traceable today by its cellar lines.
William Everett was the last citizen who signed the
. Could we give the history of each of these signers, it
would indeed be a pleasure ; but, alas, of many of them,
only the slightest record is left, and that but in scattered
130. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
bits. I have collected as much as my limited time and
opportunity allow. . The following is a copy of the Massa-
chusetts Grant to the town :
The Grant to Kittery, Novem*r 20, 1652 :
Whereas the Town of Kittery have Acknowledged
themselves Subject to the Government of the Massachu-
setts Bay in New England as by the Subscription under
hands, bareing date the 1 6th of this Instant, it doth
Wee the Commissioners of the General Court of the
Massachusetts for the setling of Government among them
& the rest within the bounds ut their Charter Northerly
to the Full and just Extent of their line, have thought
meet and Actually do grant as iolloweth, to Wit :
1. That ye whole Tract of Land beyond ye river of
Piscataqua, northerly, togeather with ye Isles ol Shoals,
within our sd bounds is and Shall be hence forth a County
or Shire, called by the name of York Shire.
2. That people Inhabiting there Shall Enjoy protec-
tion, Equal Acts of favour & Justice with the rest of the
People Inhabiting on the South side of the river of Piscat-
aqua, within the Limitts of our whole Jurisdiction.
3. That Kittery shall be 8c remain a Town Ship &
have & Enjoy the priviledges of a Town, as other of the
Jurisdiction have & do Enjoy.
4. That they shall Enjoy the Same bounds that are
Clear, between Town & Town, as have been formerly
Granted, when Commissioners of Each bordering Town
have Viewed and returned to us or to the General Court
the ir Survey.
5. That both Each Town & Every Inhabitant Shall
have & Injoy all their Just proprieties. Titles and Inter-
ests in their houses and Lands which they do possess,
whither by Grant of the Town or of the Jurisdiction, or of
the former General Court.
6. That the Town of Kittery by their Freemen Shall
send one Deputy yearly to the Court of Election, and it
Shall be in their Libertie to send to each Court Two
Deputvs if they think good.
# * * #
14 Provided always that Nothing in this our Grant
Shall Extend to determine the Infringing of any person's
right to any Lands or Inheritance, whether by Grant, by
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES. 131.
Patent, or otherwise, where possession is had; but Such
Titles Shall be left to be heard and Determined by due
Course of Law.
And after other matters therein contained,
it was Subscribed : —
Simon Bradstreet Tho's Wiggin
Samuel Simonds Brian Pendleton
The within written is a True Copy as appears of Record
in the County of York. Exam'd,
p. Jos: Hammond, Cier.
Compared with the Copy on file, —
p, Jos: Hammond, Cler.
A true Copy on file, — p. Elisha Cook, Cler.
Nine years after Massachusetts' assumption of authority,
the rule o 4 Cromwell having come to an end, and royalty
restored again, Parliament pronounced the claim of Mas-
sachusetts unlawful and unfounded ; Commissioners were
sent, ordering directly from the King that Massachusetts
give up her claim and return the province to its rightful
owners. Massachusetts refused to do this ; and, when
the King's Commissioners attempted to set up a govern-
ment, sent men of her own to form a court, with orders to
arrest an> who disputed her authority.
Constant struggles went on, and conditions were most
unsettled, until, in 1667, Massachusetts succeeded in
purchasing the charter from the heirs of Gorges, which
gave them at last an undisputed title, and government
Items, — concerning the Signers of.the^Submission ;
and their location as far as known :
John Andrews was one of the first settlers on the river,
at what is now known as Paul's Landing.
He sold his property to Daniel Paul and Bartholomew
Smith, March 21, 164S, and moved to Braveboat Harbor.
At the session of the Court, held at Saco, June 25, 1640,
he is mentioned in a list of those present.
132. : piscataqua pioneers, addresses.
In 1649, under date of October 16, he is again mentioned
in the Court record, in an order by the Court, to cut a
road from Rogers' Cove to warehouse Point, by way of
Braveboat Harbor, Georgeana, to cut to Andrews' land,
and the inabitants of Pascataquack from this one.
He died before July 4. 1671 ; for,- on that date, the Court
made his wife Joan (or Joane, ) Admx.
Philip Babb, resided at the Isles of Shoals, after 1652 ;
but before that, he is recorded as "of Kittery."
March 18, 1653, his name is joined with twenty others
on a petition to the Massachusetts General Court, * asking
that the Shoals be erected into a separate Township ; —
upwards of one hundred men lived there then.
This was granted eight years afterward and, in a brief
time, the same year, his name was associated, under com-
mission from Massachusetts, with Major Bryan Pendleton,
Nicholas Shapleigh and others, in the Government of
He was evidently of clear intellect, and familiar, per-
haps, with law, as in 1666 he was empowered to take
He had finished his career in 1674; for, two years later,
we read :
il June 24, 1676. Joseph Hall petitioned.; the .Court for
recompense for maintaining two years, Peter Babb, son of
Philip ; :the fatherland mother both being dead, and the
child five, years old next Michaelmas ; the Court, June 27,
1676, bind r Peter as an apprentice to Joseph Hall ...until he
reachesthe age of twenty-one."
A cove, just at the s^uth of the landing atj Appledore,
still bears the na.me,[B abb's Cove.
MARY B AC HELLER.
Mary B<\cheller, was the third wife of the Reverend
Stephen Bacheller, of Hamptou, N. H., who came to this
country from England, June 5. 1632, on', the William a?id
Francis. In 1647, he moved to Portsmouth, and took ... her
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES. I33.
as his housekeeper, and very soon made her his wife. —
He was then eighty-seven years of age. He was fined for
not publishing his marriage. In a short time he applied
for a divorce ; it was not granted to him.
He returned to England, 1655, and died in London in
1660, at the age of one hundred years.
He was one of the original settlers of the town of Hamp-
ton t N-. H., and gave it its name. He was the leader of
the enterprise in settling Hampton, and he was the first
minister of Lynn.
In 1656, she obtained a divorce ; in her application
therefor, she stated in the petition to the Court, that her
husband, the Reverend Stephen Bachelier, "upon some
pretended ends of his owu, had gone to England, and had
taken a new wife ;" and she expressed her wish to be at
liberty to marry if she should have a good opportunity
and the Lord should so incline her heart.
July 4, 1674, she sold to Peter Staple her lot of land,
granted to her by Thomas Gorges, and re-granted by the
Town of Kittery. Thomas Turner, her husband, joined
with her in the deed.
■ / - JOHN BURSLEY. . j
John Bursley, Nov. 28, 1639, married Joane, daughter
of the Rev'd Joseph Hull, of Barnstable.
He was Constable in 1645. He bought houses and land
of George Barlow, March 25, 1648, and specified certain
cows that he gave in part payment, one of which he had
of his brother Jones.
In 1652, he threatened the Commissioners, and all others,
who should submit to the government of Massachusetts.
He was complained of by Charles Frost and Michael
Brand ; was arrested, but confessed, and signed the Sub-
mission, and was discharged.
Humphrey Chadbourn had a deed from Sagamore
Rowles, May, 1643, of a portion of the land that was
originally granted to Mason by Gorges. Mason's heirs .
tried to recover from Chadbourn and Spencer, bringing
suit against the latter, but failed.
134- PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
He is said to have succeeded Gibbon as Steward at
His house was north of the mill grant ; a half mile'of
ground between the Little and the Great Rivers.
January 25, 1640, his name is found among others, as
present at the Court in Saco.
He was elected Sefectman, in 1651.
At Winepiesocket, in June, 1694, he made the acquain-
tance of Indians who wished to make friends with the
English. He reported this to the General Court of
He was one of the Stewards sent by JohnjMason ; he
came to Portsmouth in 1631, where he resided a few years,
and then took up his home at South Berwick. He was
appointed to take charge of the plantations on the river,
and established himself at the Falls. In 1643 he purchased
a large tract of land of the Indians ; apart of which still
remains in the family.
He was a Representative to the General Court at Boston,
in 1657-9. In 1662, he was one of the Associates for the
County of York.
He had built what was called The Great House in Ports-
mouth, and was engaged in public affairs of Kittery until
His widow (he had married Lucy Treworthy,) married
twice after his death : first, Thomas Milles, in March,
1669 ; and for her third husband, Capt. ^lias Stielman.
William Chadbourn w r as evident^ a carpenter ; as
the earliest mention of him is that he came from England
in the Pied Cow, with two other carpenters ; and their
purpose was to erect mills for Ambrose Gibbons, at
Newichawannock. Their work was truly historic ; for
the buildings erected were the first saw-mills of New
. The vessel landed half a mile below the Falls ; and not
only unladed William Chadburn and his associates, but
also brought to the shore some fine Denmark cattle ; and
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES. I35.
the landing-place to this day bears the name of Cow Cove, \
William Chadbourn soon became possessed of land [
granted him by Capt. John Mason, upon which land he 1
built a house.
He was the father of Humphrey Chadbourn ; they both
signed the Submission.
Abraham Cunly wasamong those present from Kittery
in the Saco Court, in 1640.
In 165 1, he was a Selectman:
He owned a six-acre lot, next below William Everett's
His daughter, Judith, married Nathan Lord, another of
the Submission signers.
"He is mentioned in the grant from the Commissioners,
where he is given liberty to appeal in respect of his case,
where he was fined ten pounds, 165 1.
In his Will, March 5, 1691, he made a bequest to Abra-
ham Fry, " With whom I now live."
Daniel Davis was in Kittery in 1649 ; a freeman, 1652.
He probably lived on land just north of Antipas Maverick
between Cammock's Creek and Hill's Creek or Davis
Joh * Diamond was a ship-builder; and owner, after
Alexander James, of a very large part of the land now
known as Kittery Foreside, purchased of James, or Jones,
june 15, 1651. He is spoken of in the deed, as a rope-
In 1629. he was Constable ; 1662, Clerk of the Writs.
He died about 1667. His home was probably not far ^ •
from the -Public Library in Kittery.
His name revives the terrors and the miseries of some
of the people of the long ago :—
In 1682, it is recorded that, at his shipyard, Nicholas
Shapleigh was killed at the launching of a ship, April 29.
I36. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
In 1692, a pitiful story is still rehearsed of John Dia-
mond, who was probably his son, who was taken captive
by the Indians and tortured to death, at the date of the
attack on Wells, in King William's War, 1692.
Dbnnys^ Downing, was a blacksmith. 1650, Dec. 18,
he bought land lying toward Watts' Fort and Frank's
Fort, — consisting of a houselot and thirty acres of upland.
1694, on the 16th of August, £ike says, eight persons
were killed or captured by Indians at Long Reach, three
at Tobey's, and five at Dowuing's.
He probably lived on the estate now owned by Mrs.
His son was ambnshed, and shot with Major Charles
Frost, July 4, 1697, coming from church at Newich-
awannock. A letter from Richard Waldron to Gov.
Stoughton, dated July 5, 1697, says that Maj; Charles
Frost, "himself and seven or eight in Company, yesterday,
in the afternoon coming homeward from meeting at
Nechoironke, were ambushed by ye enemy. The Major,
and one Heard's wife were shot down dead ; Heard and
young Downing wounded ; — the latter mortally."
His son, Joshua Downing, claimed and, after a law-suit,
with Col. Joseph Hammond, obtained a lot of land ex-
tending from Watts' Fort to Miller's Cove.
Thomas Duston, 1654, June 19th, had a grant of twenty
acres, it reached from Crooked Lane to Spruce Creek ;
afterwards owned by Robert Cutt, who built a Garrison
Honse on it, — in which William Whipple, a Signer of the
Declaration of Independence, was born.
He was the father of Thomas Duston. of Haverhill, who
was the husband of the renowned Hannah Duston, of
Indian fame, who was captured by Indians, with' her
nurse and babe, in the night ; when her captors were
asleep, she arose with other captives, and killed them all,
— twelve in number, — and brought home their scalps.
At the time of the Submission, he was appointed
Constable for Kittery, with Robert Mendum.
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES. I37.
Anthony Emmry lived where the descendants of Joseph
Merrill now live, in Eliot.
He had a Ferry, known as Cold Harbor Ferry ', last known
as Morrill 's frerry, — kept by Joel Morrill.
He was licensed to keep an Ordinary, in 1650.
The location of his house is still visible, a little to the
north of the Ferry Road, near the old Ferry Landing.
In 1652, he was one of the Townsmen, or Selectmen.
He was a carpenter in Romsey, England, and came over
in the James, April, 1635. Settled in Newbury, Mass ;
removed to Dover, in 1637 ; was one of the Proprietors. —
In 1651, he sold his property in Dover, and removed to
Cold Harbor, in Maine.
His earliest home was in Kittery ; he evidently pur-
chased it in J648. It was designated as on Sturgeon
Creek. The deed covers house, field and marshes. "The
location is still visible."
Again, in 1650, he bought of Joseph Austin, "a little
house," above Sturgeon Creek, and also one thousand
five hundred foote of boards ; ,J and he paid for the same
" Two stears," one named Dragon and the other BenBow ;
and, in addition, he did "a week's work," with two other
He was evidently a man of clean thought, and in ad-
vance of the early times ; for he was not only a friend, but
he entertained the Quakers, though they were, by law, to
be disregarded, and, if possible, annihilated. He recog-
nized the higher law \ and preferred "penalty" rather than
a violated conscience.
His wife's name was Frances.
James Emery, son of Anthony Emery, lived on land
afterward sold to Joseph Hammond, and on which he built
a Garrison House, with a stockade around it^, — which was
often attacked by the Indians, but never captured.
He lived north of Birch Point Cove, South Berwick.
I38. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
1654, be had a grant of land of fifty acres.
1696, he sold the land to Philip Hubbard, whose Garrison
House stood on the spot where the late Isaac Libbey's
In 1697, we find his name on a petition to Gov'r Stough-
ton and Council, asking that the tax of Kittery and Ber-
wick be abated.
In 171 1, there was a Garrison House on Emery's land.
He was a Selectman for several years ; and Represen-
tative to the General Court at Boston, in 1676.
William Everktt came from Kittery Point ; was
licensed to keep an Ordinary, in 1649; ai] d the said Or-
dinary, most surely became a chapter of history.
This Tavern was where the Commissioners met the
inhabitants of Kittery, and where the Submission was
signed. It was located where the road from Trickey's
Ferry, afterwards known as Knight's Ferry, came into the
This Tavern was a very large house, — three stories
The marks of the cellar may still be seen in the front yard
of Mrs. Rebecca Hammond, on the River Road in Eliot.
He probably bought his land of Wannerton.
He was a sea-captain, and lostat sea, as was his son also.
His only daughter married Nathan Lord.
His widow married Isaac Nash of Dover ; they sold the
Everett property, in Eliot, in 1656, to William Leighton ;
for many years it was known as Leightoii Pohit. It was
first known as Point Joslyn.
At the first Court in the Province of Maine, held in
Saco, in 1636, William Everett's name appears.
Charles Frost was born and lived at the foot of
Frost's Hill, or Great Hill. The remains of the founda-
tion of his house may yet be seen in the field of Newberry
Paul, next east of Moses A. Frost.
He and others were given authority, in 1692, to select
a lot, aBd build a Meeting-house.
PISCAtfAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES. 139.
1658, he was Deputy to the General Court, and the five
In 166S, July 6, he was Captain of the Militia of [Maine.
No man of his time was more honored and respected ; and
he w T as a leader in Town Meetings, and the affairs of the
The Indians hated him more than any other man;
ambushed him with others in 1697.
He was one of the Associate Judges of the State'of
Maine ; and a member of the Governor's Council, in 1693.
And honor and respect were not limited to the years of
his life and residence here ; his public labors, his value to
the town, and the localities that yet bear his name, are
familiar still ; and it is pleasant to speak of and to revive
Nicholas Frost : In 1637, Alexander Shapleigh and
James Treworgy agree with neighbors dwelling at Stur-
geon Creek, that there shall always be a highway from
Nicholae Frost's house, "down to Sturgeon Ck and soe
along to the Leaders." This evidently was the home of
Nicholas Frost in 1637.
In 1640, June 25, Nicholas Frost was present at a Court
Session, held in Saco.
In 1648, July 16, the first Selectmen of Kittery were
appointed : Nicholas Shapleigh, John Heard, Nicholas
1652. He was Attorney for one Thompson in a suit
brought against him.
1661. " Two tracts of land granted by Town of Kittery
to Nicholas Frost and Anthonie Emerie," are alluded to ;
the lands given in former years.
1687. Cedar Road referred to, — at Sturgeon Creek, —
led through Nicholas Frost's land.
In 1693, his wife was taken captive by the Indians.
In 1698, he was reported as drowned.
140. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
John Greene's land was bounded by the highway and
land of Peter Staples, at South Eliot, a little below
Frank's Fort. In 1650, he was a Juryman.
In 1654, he had a lot of fifty acres granted him, not far
from Birch Point, near the so-called Eliot and Dover
In 1647, he was a Member of the Board of Arbitration.
He was dead before July, ,1683.
Hugh Gunnison succeeded William Hilton as tavern-
keeper at Kittery Point.
He leased from Major Nicholas Shapleigh, June 5,
1651, five hundred acres of land, "at the Poynt where Mr.
Wm. Hilton now dwelleth ; and 'upwards towards Capt.
Francis Champernown's land."
He married for his second wife, Sarah (Kelley) Lynn,
widow of Henry Lynn. At the time of their marriage,
the widow was living in an old house by the river, belong-
ing to Nicholas Shapleigh.
His widow married John Mitchell ; and later, Surgeon
Francis Morgan. She continued her former husband's
business, and kept an Ordinary, which was later carried
on under license, July 4, 1671, to Thomas Morgan.
Robert Mendnm also kept an Ordinary at the Point,
and evidently was not on good terms with his competitor
in the business, lor in the Court re i ord for 1650, we find
that Goody Mendum was fined five pounds for saying,
" The Devil take Mr. Gullison and his wife."
He owned a saw mill on Tucker's Cove, Spruce Creek.
In 1699, he was appointed to keep a Ferry over Spruce
Creek. This crossed the Creek a little to the south of the
He had a long lawsuit with Nicholas Shapleigh, about
the sale of a piece of land at Kittery Point.
He was appointed Associate Judge, in 1652, by the
PlSCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES I4I.
After the Submission, Oct. 23. 1653, he was indicted for
letting his daughter stay at home from Church a whole
month at a time.
He was sued by Nicholas Shapleigh ; he resisted the
Major on account of his manner of serving the writ ; Dec.
20 1653, "he gave the Major the law bucke, bidding him
lucke in it and acte according to lawe, and he would not
fBHe died before March 26, 1660; for then his widow,
Sarah, wrote to Captain Davenport, asking him to help
her inthe settlement of her business before she married.
Nicholas Shaplkigh was born in 1610 ; and was the
son of Alexander Shapleigh who built the first house in
Kittery, — at the Point ; and was one of the leading men
of his time. He owned a saw-mill at Spruce Creek. His
farm at the Creek was known as Oak Point Farm.
1653, Nov. 24, the Selectmen confirmed to him those
tracts of laud formerly owned by Cammock and Wannerton,
running from the Piscataqua along the Mill Creek, now
known as Shapleigh Creek, and between said Creek and a
little brook near Goody Everett's and back half-way to
He was extensively engaged in lumbering; being in-
terested in mills on Sturgeon, Spruce and Cammock's
Creeks. He received but little from the town ; he had
great influence with the people, yet never made use of his
power to enrich himself. He purchased many tracts of
land ; and one of them includes the Township of Shapleigh
to perpetuate his name.
He first resided at Kittery Point ; but, in 1655, his home
was at Sandy Hill, at or near the homestead of the late
Capt. Elisha Shapleigh.
He early became a very distinguished man in Kittery
and the Province. He was one of Gov. Vine's Council in
1644, which sat at Saco. He was one of the Provincial
Committee, County Treasurer, one of the Board of Select-
I 4 2.
PISGATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
men ; one of the Commissioners who held the first term of
Court in York County ; and Justice of the Peace. At the
first regular organization of the Militia of York County,
into a regiment, he was appointed Commandent, and was
required to meet with the officers for improvement in mili-
tary tactics, and to see that the soldiers were well armed,
equipped and disciplined.
In 1678, Maj. Shapleigh, Capt. Champernowne and
Capt. Fryer ot Portsmouth, were appointed by the Gov-
ernment of Massachusetts, Commissioners to settle Peace
with Squando and the S.agamores of Androscoggin and
Kennebec Rivers ; they met the Indians at Casco, and on
the 12th of April, 1678, ended a most distressing three
His sympathies were with the Quakers ; and for shel-
tering and giving entertainment to their preacher, he was
deposed as Selectman. He was imprisoned in 1674 for
sheltering two men, accused of piracy, and fined ^"200 ;
for, as he expressed it, his compassion overcame his reason.
- In the early part of April, 1682, he was for the last time
elected to office, — Representative to the Massachusetts
* A few days later, April 29, he was accidentally killed at
the shipyard of John Diamond, in Kittery, while viewing
the launching of a ship : the moment the vessel started, a
spar struck him.
- His wife's name was Alice. He left no children.
THOMAS RYSE. :
Thomas Ryse wa» born, 1614.
In 1646, he worked in a brew house ; and lived in vari-
ous places from Brave-Boat Harbor up.
1647, December, he bought land on Spruce Creek, not
far from Crockett's Neck.
1684, complaint was made that he was "very sick ; in
deep suffering." The Selectmen were ordered to help
him at once.
•PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES. 143.
- CHRISTIAN REMICK.
Christian Remick : A large tract of land belonging to
Christian Remick was sold by his son to John Dennett, jr.
— a part of that which is now known as the Old Dennet
Farm, in Kittery.
Received the first grant before 165 1 : and others fol-
lowed, making two hundred and forty acres.
He was a Surveyor, Treasurer and Selectman.
He lived on Eliot Neck, just at the beginning of the
Long Beach ; probably on the south side of the road, near
the water, on the land owned today by Marshall Huntress.
Thomas Spencer. In early days the landed estates of
Kittery settlers, was not always secure. Some, who were
heirs of the earliest comers, were obliged to surrender ;
but to others the lands were confirmed.
V Thomas Spencer was one who had the good fortune to
have a deed from the Sagamore of this realm.. He is
called Sagamore Rowles ; and to Thomas he secured the
land. This was in 1643.
. It was a favorable homestead ; for in 1652, we read of
corn mills and saw mill, not far from his dwelling; and
both were conveniences for farm-life in those early years.
Thomas Spencer was here as early as 1630, as shown
by deposition. He lived just below Mason's, or Great
Works' Mill, by the Steep Fall.
He married Patience, daughter of Willi? m Chadbourn.
He was farmer, lumberman, and tavern-keeper.
He deeded to his son William, Dec. 20, 1669, "the tim-
ber in Tim Sinker's swamp."
He died Dec. 15, 1681. His wife died 1653.
Thomas Spinnky lived at the end of Eliot Neck. Had
a grant of land of two hundred acres on both sides of the
Great Cove,' later called Spinney's Creek, thus perpetua-
ting his name and residence.
. 1691, the Court ordered a road built from York to the
144- PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
house of Thomas Spinney ; this was an advantage, as it
connected with a Ferry, across the river, near Pulpit
Rock, where Jones' Wharf now is, and where the road
started that went to Boston.
His will is dated July 9, 1701, and probated the follow-
ing September ; and, "aged and very weak, bequeathes
his property to his children and grandchildren."
John Hord, (or Heard,) was a carpenter and yeoman.
He was a noted Indian fighter, and lived where James
Bartlett now resides.
1640, June 25th, he was present with others at Court
held in Saco.
In 1648, he was one of the Selectmen.
At John Heard's house, the Selectmen of Kittery met
with prominent men of Berwick, to arrange matters after
the Town of Berwick was incorporated, Sept. 29, 1713.
He was with Charles Frost when ambushed by the Indi-
ans. His wife, Phoebe was wounded and fell from her
horse. She begged her husband to leave her and save the
children at home. She was killed, and he was wounded,
July 4, 1697.
In 1663, July 7, he was fined forty shillings for enter-
Reginald Jenkins built a house and for several years
lived on a lot of land between Thcjias Jones and Joshua
Downing. It was probably east of Watt's Fort. This lot
was south of Thomas Jones'.
He later lived at Cold Harbor Ferry ; his laud adjoined
the John Merritt estate.
In 1640, he was a Quaker, as was his daughter ]also ;
and was often in Court for not attending Church on the
Thomes Jones was born ,1609 ; and lived between
Reginald Jenkins' and William Everett's land. After-
PISCATAOUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES
wards both lots belonged to John Leighton.
In 1639, he worked for Alexander Shapleigh.
In 1676, he was supported by the town.
In 1651, the town granted George Leader one-fourth of
the land between Crooked Lane and Spruce Creek. On a
partol this land is now standing the old Whipple house,
owned and occupied by Mr. Harrison Philbrick.
1654. He bought of Richard Nason a section ot land
four rods wide, running south from "Pipe Stave Point, "
and down the river to the next fresh water creek.
He settled at Newichawannock in 1652. He was a
Juryman in 1664.
1651. The town granted the Leaders the use of the mills
and water privileges, built by Chadbourne, Mason's agent,
in 1634, which then were abandoned and nearly destroyed ;
also one-fourth mile either side.
The Leaders rebuilt the mills, and put in a gang of
nineteen saws, which never worked satisfactorily ; and
which the settlers, in derision, called The Great Works.
The name finally became fixed to the settlement and the
river, —which bear this name today.
' ANTIPAS MAVERICK.
AntipaS Maverick bought of Edward Small, (a kins-
man of Sir Ferdinando Gorges,; June 23, 1647, the tract of
land lying between the two creeks : that on the south side
of his home known as Mill Creek, otherwise known as
Cammocks and Shapleigh Creek ; and on the north side
by Davis Creek, otherwise known as Daniel's Creek.
He is thought to have been the son of the Rev. John
Maverick, and brother of Samuel Maverick of Noddles
Island or East Boston.
He came to Kittery from the Isles of Shoals. Was
licensed to keep an Ordinary in 1659.
Died 1678, July 2nd.
Gowkn Wilson's house (a garrison house,) stood near
I46. PISGATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
the'junction of the Norton Road, with the road along the
east side of Spruce Creek.
June 2d, 1684, he gave eleven acres a» a wedding gift to
his son-in-law, Andrew Haley, who married his only
daughter, Deborah. Haley formerly lived at the Shoals.
John White planted, with Menduin, on the west side of
Spruce Creek, between the Creek and Crooked Lane.
1640, March 3, he was granted a lot, ".next unto Pound-
ings, — 24 rods by the w T ater side, and so back into the
woods, — unto the way that goes from Cold Harbor into
In 1679, he testified to the location of Cedar Road forty-
two years before.
CAPTAIN JOHN WXNCOLL.
Capt. John WiNCdtt, came from Watertown.
In 1651, he bought ot John Heard thirty acres of land,
which were the second lot above Shorey's Brook.
He bought land between Sturgeon Creek and the Cove
above it, for his brother.
1652, he had a grant from the town, which he sold to
Roger Plaisted, — spoken of as the Birch Point Lot.
He was a brother of Thomas Broughton, a merchant of
Boston, who was a large owner in the mills at Sturgeon
Creek, Quamphegan and Salmon Falls.
He also had a grant above Richard Tozier's one hun-
dred acres ; and he bought (back of it,) fifty acres more,
on the old road to Berwick above Salmon Fails.
Several years he was Representative to the General
Court, viz., 1653-54-55, and 1675-77-78. Many times he
was a Selectman.
He was part owner with Broughton and John Hall, in
the saw mills, at Salmon Falls ; and large tracts of lumber
He was a Surveyor also, and a large part of the lands
in Berwick were laid out by him.
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES. I47.
He was Associate Judge, and Justice of the Peace, for
many years ; also Register of Deeds, Register of Probate,
and Clerk of the Courts.
He was Captain in the Militia, 1675 ; and while with
his Company at Scarboro, his house at Salmon Falls was
burned by the Indians.
He married Mary Etheriugton, 1675; and Olive, widow
of Roger Plaisted, before 1683. .
October 22, 1694, he fell off his horse and was killed.
Thomas Withers, born 1606, came to w this section
Gorges gave him four hundred acres, at Kittery, op-
posite Portsmouth; and Vines gave him six hundred
acres at Spruce Creek.
1652, May 24, the town confirmed the grant from Vines,
and added two hundred acres more.
He was a leader in town affairs.
1644. he was a Commissioner; 1651, a Selectman ;
1652, appointed Judge, by the Massachusetts Commis-
sioners ; 1656, Deputy to the General Court.
1684, Dec. 22, he and his wife Jane, ("being of great
age and waxing antient,") gave their sheep and cows to
their daughter Elizabeth, and he had previously deeded
one half of his farm, in 1651, to his daughttr Sarah, on
her marriage to John Shapleigh.
He died in 1685.
Robert Waymouth lived just north of Greenacre Inn,
on a part of the John Greene land. He came from Dart-
He* died in 1662.
After passing through several hands, his place was sold
to Joseph Hammond. Here the famous Hammond Gar-
rison was built, and surrounded by a stockade.
148. ' PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
John Simons was with John Mason's Company in 1634.
He was a surveyor, or lot layer, before 1652.
His farm at the Neck was granted him by the Town.
His second wife was Welthea, widow of John Stoddard,
of Dover Neck. With her he moved to Dover, giving his
land in Eliot to his son-in-law, William Hilton. He
probably lived where the Edward Paul house now stands.
Jeremiah Shires, lived next north of Mendum, be-
tween Mendum's Cove and Mass Cove. Sold this prop-
erty in 1664.
His house was probably not far from the Kittery
He had a law-suit in Dover Courts, in 1650. "
Removed to Cape Nottocks in York.
. JOSEPH MILLS.
Feb. 23, 1629, Joseph Mills bought eight acres of land
of John Billings and John Larder, fishermen at Spruce
Creek, for which he was to pay six pounds for every acre
he should clear and plant ; the amount to be paid on the
Fast Day of St. Michael, the Archangel. Brought a suit
at Dover in 1649.
We find William Palmer in Kittery, as early as 1642.
He lived probably a little north of Mass Cove, otherwise
known as Weir Creek, near Kittery Junction. His land
was next west of Jeremiah Shires. Sixteen acres of this
land he gave to his son-in-law, William King.
He was Commissioner for minor trials ; and a lot-layer.
Hujbrect Mattone, — Hubert Mattonk, lived at Kittery
Point, near Roger Deering, nearly opposite Fishing Island.
Married June, 1673, Sarah Jones, daughter of John Peirce.
They had trouble and separated. She obtained a divorce
PISOATAQUA PIONJSRR. ADDRKSSK3. I49
in 1681, for seven years non support; and she testified
further that he threatened to kill her.
She went to the Barbadoes with Jones whom Mattone
said she knew was alive when she married him.
In 1657, Mattone was a voter in Portsmouth and a-
Nathan Lord came over with Abraham Cunly, and
married his daughter Judith, Lived first at Cold Harbor
Ferry ; then at Old Fields, in Berwick. He married
William Everett's daughter Martha, for his second wife ;
after her death, he married Martha Tozier.
Just above Salmon Falls, Richard Tozier, Martha's
father, had sixty acres of land and a farm-house ; was
killed here by the Indians, Dec. 11, 1662.
After the marriage of Nathan Lord with Martha Tozier,
he lived at her father's ; his house was taken down about
fifty years ago, and now the house of Charles Collins is
on the site.
In 1701, he was a member of the Committee to repair
He was an ancestor of the Rev. Nathan Lord, President
of Dartmouth College.
In 1711. the Lord garrison served for five families, and
As early as 1664 the town of Kittery granted land to
Richard Nason, adjoining Nathan Lord's acres; and to
designate the ownership, trees were marked R and N,
(Richard and Nathan.)
Thirty years later, he deeded this estate to his sons, —
Benjamin and Baker. This property went to tide-water
on the west. A little earlier than this, 1654, he sold a
strip to John Beex, "down along the river unto Fresh-
Water Creek." This river strip was called Pipe Staff Point,
supposed to be one of the oldest landmarks in Old Kittery
mentioned in Dover records in 1639, sometimes called the
150. PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
His land was probably occupied before the grant ; it
was the case with nearly all the earlier settlers.
Below Quanipheagan Falls was a stretch of houses and
farms ; on one of these was the Garrison House, owned by
one Sligo. The Nason House was about opposite, and
gave him doubtless a feeling of security.
In 1690, Richard Nason's house was one of eight Gar-
j risons of Kittery or upper Berwick ; and in Lower Kit-
tery there were ten more. But the Indians were riot the
only angered ones ; for a man's own neighbor might be a
resolute foe, because he was willing that a Quaker should
live in Kittery, and have a Sunday meeting for his own
worship. It was feared that Shapleigh allowed Quakers
to hold Sunday services in his house ; the anger of many
was stired, aud Nicholas and James Heard and Richard
Nason were at once dismissed from being the Selectmen of
Kittery ; and one John Heard had a fine of forty shillings
to pay for once having had a Quaker in his house.
Robert Mk.ndum lived next north of Thomas Withers,
northwest of River Ferry. Sold to Hugh Gunnison, July
15, 1654, two houses and a large parcel of tillage land, on
the west side of the mouth of Spruce Creek ; also other
lands given him by the townsmen.
He was licensed to keep an Ordinary, in 1644. He was
still in the business in 1650 ; for the Court records declare
that Goody Mendum was fined ^5 for saying, "The Devil
take Mr. Gullison and his wife ;" Mr. Gullison being the
business rival. He had a grant of land, Dec. 1652, extend-
ing to the head of Brave Boat Harbor- This included
the Ashen Swamp.
Daniel Paul was a ship builder and sea captain, from
Ipswich, England: At one time he owned land near Boil-
ing Rock. He probably lived not far from Charles Paul.
A part of his estate is still owned by the Pauls. His son
Stephen married Katherine, daughter of Antipas Maverick.
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES. X51
The Poem of Dr. Hale read at the Annual Meeting: —
3fr %t#evto of ©osporf €oro«.
Star Island, Isles of Shoals.
WILLIAM HALE, M. D.
'Twas in 1650, or thereabout,
Bravely from Portsmouth putting out,
That Parson Brock with good intent,
Over the sea to Gosport went.
Over the sea to Gosport town,
On the Isles of Shoals to settle down
O'er his little flock of fisher-folk
(To harder flock divine ne'er spoke,)
That spent their lives at the oars and sails,
Triming their craft to meet the gales,
Subsisting on faith and fish and fog,
But chiefly the last, if the island log
We may believe. But at all events,
Full of faith and fight and common sense.
Godly John Brock ! by Mather praised,
As grand a soul as the Lord e'er raised
To fight the good fight with tongue and pen,
And preach the gospel unto men ;
A bluff old web-footed saint was he
To save the sailor and smooth the sea.
His quaint old church to this day remains,
Which one may see, so take the pains ;
Like a crippled coot, the forlorn hulk braves,
On the topmost ledge, the winds and waves,
Of Spanish cedar and gnarled knees,
Built for battling the stormy seas
Out of the wrecks of Spanish ships,
Lost, alas ! after venturesome trips.
The good old man was in his prime,
When, out 01 the salt sea's roar and rime,
152. PISQATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
Was tossed this tale of Gosport town,
In the island's annals salted down.
One morning the parson, — be his name revered, —
By Shoaler and shoreman both loved and feared,
Unfolded an earnest, exhaustive plan
•Of God's salvation for sinful man.
The high box-pulpit gave scant space
For this gospel soldier's fighting-place ;
It shook'and shivered profoundly when,
Aiding, abetting voice and pen,
The pastor, his huge fists square and brown,
On the flimsy structure pounded down ;
Weak and tottering as earthly throne,
It shook when the shepherd besought his own.
Now his was a goodly and earnest flock,
Grandly moulded, of sturdiest stock.
Blunt old sea-dogs, gentle or rough,
Singing or swearing, tender or tough,
Honest and true as the day is long.
Free as the wind, as the tide as strong,
A-fooling, fighting, swearing ashore,
Eating prodigiously, drinking more.
At sea the picture of patience, they,
Benumbed with' frost and wet with spray,
Toiling as only heroes toil,
Tho' fierce the foray and scant the spoil.
Yet, much as they honored their pastor brave,
One failing they had, these sons of the wave,
That failing was fishing. The call to fish
(The world hath not wisdom that one could wish.)
Was stronger far than the gospel call ;
Blow high or blow low, it took them all,
When fish were sighted, one by one
For the boats they scrambled, each mother's son.
'Twas the custom shrewd in that wise day,
When mackerel were schooling in the bay,
PISCAfTAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES. 153,
To keep on Sundays, in weather fine,
A lookout watching for fish the sign ;
A lynx-eyed lad at the steps or door,
From belfry : perhaps, scanning sea and shore,
Or even up in the homely spire
(For love of fish, not heaven, gone higher,)
Whence he was ready, at sig^ht of game,
With lungs that might have given Athens fame,
The preacher's quavering voice to drown.
And rouse to action the entire town.
If a school of fish he chanced to spy,
11 A school ! a school !" would be the cry ;
When madly rushing from porch and pew,
The frenzied flock to the water flew,
While the parson, since he could not choose,
Kept on preaching to empty pews,
Breaking his bread and giving his leaven
To a baker's dozen bound for heaven.
Now, on the morning of which we write,
The watchman chanced a school to sight
Off in the bay in the range of Rye —
Swift and clear came the warning cry,
" A school ! a school !" when, bent on a trip,
As cats rush from a sinking ship,
The eager fishers rushed pell-mell
Straight (so the parson thought) for - - weel ?
And the angered reverend, hot and hoarse,
In the midst of his long discourse
Stopped at his tenthly and began
To berate the deserters to a man.
" Ah ! my weak, sinful friends," quoth he,
"Do ye desert your God for the sea?
Do ye for the sake of a meagre fare,
To deny your Lord, like Peter dare?
154* PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRBSSES.-
"Ye're plucky and proud 'neath these summer skies,
But what will ye do when the storms arise,
And trouble and trial vex life's seas,
And sorrows come sighing on every breeze ?
'•• It's very well now to scoff and jeer, —
But what will ye do when the end is near ?
What will ye do when the mad seas flow
And hnrl ye on to the shores of woe?"
To which, when the parson paused for breath,
A gruff old skipper, glum as death,
Turned in the aisle, with rage red-hot,
And belched in defiance his parting shot,
Which might have been heard by the brown old Boar
Grimly guarding the Hampton shore :
%< I'll tell ye, parson, what I sh'd do,
An' what's good for me's good for you."
He shouted without quake or qualm,
" I sh'd h'ist the fores'i an' scud for Squam !
There's no wind blows that a sea-dog can't,
Somehow or 'nother, git a slant !
11 What's sarse for gander's sarse for'goose,
'Taint sich a desp'rite ugly cruise
From Appledore to Ipswich Bay,
Specially 'f ye know the way.
" I sh'd reef the fores'i an' let her slide,
An' fetch Squam bar on the starboard side ;
'Taint nigh's fur as t'other spot
You're headin' for, nor half so hot !"
Then with a shake of his big brown fist,
While the frightened women screamed and hissed,
He swiftly dashed through the open door
An'd made for his boat upon the shore.
To the saddened preacher grievous the shock ;
For he died soon after, poor John Brock !
PISCATAQUA PIONRER. 155.
'Twas long, long since; and the skipper, too,
Sleeps with his hardy, godless crew.
Skipper and parson rest side by side,
In that graveyard lone beside the tide,
On rugged Star, where the pimpernel
Clings to the ledge it loves so well ;
Where the aster and the golden rod,
Their simple glory give to God ;
Where the plovers pipe and the curlews call,
And the sea's sad splendor enfolds them all.
Skipper and parson are still acquaint,
Peace to their ashes ! sinner and saint,
God bless them both; and grant that they
Fetch the self-same port on judgment-day,
PISCATAQUA PIONEERS. ADDRESSES.
Fifth. Annual Meeting, August 31, 1909,
(see page 119J
the remainder of the Addresses
will be published in the next issue of
Dr. J. L. M. WILLIS. Editor.
VOL. IX. ELIOT, MAINE. Oct.-December, 1909. No. IV.
QL\)2 Hiraf ^ifthmmt of Bern Hampshire.
The Clai?ns of Odiorne 's Point and Hilton s Point,
otherwise called Dover Point, Compared.
By Jjhn Scales, of Doyer.
Read at the Annual Meeting of the Piscataqua Pioneers.
In order to give a clear understanding of where the first
permanent settlement of New Hampshire vvas male, it
seems best to begin with a statement of the various grants
of the territor}' of New Hampshire, to whom and when
made, as this matter of grants has led to much confusion
of ideas among the historians, by which they have been
led into making erronious statements ; several important
facts in regard to this question are now known which were
not known by the early writers, some of the discoveries of
important papers being of recent date
November 3, 1620, King James granted a Patent or
Charter to forty persons who were incorporated as —
" The Council established at Plymouth, in the County of
Devon, for the planting, ruling, ordering and governing
New England, in America ; from the 40th to the 48th
degree of latitude, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific
OceaL." Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason
were important and influential members of this powerful
company. All New Hampshire Patents and Grants were
obtained from this Council of Plymouth; the grants were
as follows :
1. Mariana, to Captain John Mason, March 9, 1621-2,
under which it is claimed that he had Ambrose Gibbons,
as his agent, make a small settlement at Cape Ann in
1622 or '23, and they remained there until ousted by the
158 FI*ST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
Massachusetts Bay Colony, and Mason lost all control
there in 1630.
2. The Province of Maine, to SirFerdinando Gorges
and Captain John Mason, April 19, 1622. This comprised
all the coast from the Merrimac River to the Kennebec
River, and back into the country; a rather indefinite but
very great distance. So far as New Hampshire was con-
cerned, nothing was ever done under this grant.
3. A Point of Land in thb Pascataway River, in
New England, to David Thomson, Mr. Jobe and Mr.
Sherwood, always since known as Thomson' s Point ; this
grant was made in 1622 ; the exact month and day of month
are not known, but probably in July or August, as only a
memorandum of the patent and the year it was given has
been found. Mr. Thomson made a settlement there, as
will be explained farther on.
4. Odiorne's Point and Hilton's Point, compris-
ing a tract of six thousand acres, bordering on the south
side of the Pascataqua River and its branches. On this
land the first settlement was made in the spring of 1623,
as will be explained later. The grant was made October
16, 1622, by the Council of Plymouth, to David Thomson,
5. New Hampshire, to Captain John Mason, Novem-
ber 7, 1629, which was bounded as follows :
" All that part of the main land in New England, lying
upon the sea coast, beginning at the middle part of the
Merrimack River, and from thence proceed northward
along the sea coast to the Pascataqua River, and so for-
wards and up within the said river, and to the farthest
head thereof, (now known as Milton Three Ponds,) and
from thence northwestwards, until three score miles be
finished from the first entrance of Pascataqua River,, and
also irom (mouth of the) Merrimack through the said
river, and to the furthest head thereof ; and so forwards
up into the lands westward, until three score miles be fin-
FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
ished ; and from thence to cross overland to the three
score miles, as accompted from Pascataqua River, together
with all islands and islets within five leagues distance of
the premises and abutting upon the same, or any part or
parcel thereof ; etc. etc." — Captain Mason never did any-
thing with that grant.
6. The Laconia Grant, to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and
Captain John Mason, November 17, 1629. The bounda-
ries or this grant extended from the mouth of the Merri-
mack River, along the coast to the Sagadahock (Kenne-
bec) River, and the side lines extended north and west to
include Lake Champlain and territory to the St. Lawrence
River. Uuder that patent lively work was begun by
Captain Mason to make a settlement in New Hampshire;
he had done nothing before in this respect. He sent over
a party in 1630, in the famous ship Warwick, of which
Captain Walter Neal was governor, and they took posses-
sion, of the Thomson house at Odiorne Point, began the
settlement at Strawberry Bank, which twenty-three years
later was named Portsmouth, and began a settlement at
the head of the Newichawannock River, soon after, at a
point since known as Great Works.
About the same time, settlements began on the north
side of the Pascataqua River at Kittery Point, but not
until a year or two after that at Great Works.
The Laconia company expected to make immense for-
tunes for the individual members, but it proved to be a
great failure, after three years' trial, and was dissolved in
1634; Mason took the New Hampshire side of the river,
and Gorges the Maine side, except that Mason retained
the settlement at Great Works, (now South Berwick,) as
he had invested quite largely there in mills and live
Captain Mason died in 1635, and his widow left the
settlers to shift for themselves, as she was not financially
able to assist them further, They speedily made good by
FIR$T. SKTTI<KM£NT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
gobbling up all the property they could lay hands on.
That was the end of the Masonian work of making settle-
ments; but a halt century later, the land owners here were
forced to defend themselves against Masonian lawsuits,
which were handed down from generation to generation
for nearly a century.
It is not easy to see wherein, or whereat, Captain J )hn
Mason ever benefited New Hampshire. He was its foun-
der only in the fact that he gave the name which it bears,
from his home county iu Old England, mikiig it Ne.v
Hampshire iu New England. Captain Mason was a f xil-
ure as a colonizer in New Hampshire ; the settle n^nt v is
begun seven years before he had anything to do with it.
7. Th« Hilton- Grant, commonly called the —
Squamscott Patent, to Edward Hilton, March 12,
1629-30. which date is only four months after the Lac mia
Patent was issued to Gorges and Mason, which entirelv
covered and surrounded what Hilton had come into pos-
session of by Divid Thompson's grant of October, 1622,
and which he had occupied peaceably and had improved
during the seven years, from 1623 to 1630. The Council
of Plymouth willingly granted his request for a patent to
more securely protect him in the holding of the property
which he had rightfully possessed for seven years. This
Grant will be spoken of and discussed further on.
8. Pascataway, to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Capt.
John Mason, November 3, 1631. The object of this patent
was to define more definitely the territory between Gorges
and Mason and the territory covered by Edward Hilton's
patent ; as a dispute had already arisen among the land
owners as to the boundary. line. In brief, the patent says :
"All that k portion of land lying within the precincts
hereafter mentioned, beginning upon the seacoast about
five miles to the westward to or from the said chief habita-
tion (at Odiorne's Point,) or plantation now possessed by
Captain j, Walter Neal, for the use of the. adventurers to
Laconia, (being in the latitude of 43 degrees, or there-
FIRST SETTLEMENT IN NEW HAMPSHIRE. l6l,
abouts, ) in tke Habor of Passataquack, alias Bassataquack,
alias Passataway, and so forth, from the said beginning,
eastward and northeastward, and so proceeding northward
or northwestward into the Harbor and River, along the
coast and shores thereof, including all the islands and
islets lying within, or near unto the same, upwards unto
the headland opposite unto the plantation, or habitation,
now or late in the tenure or occupation of Edward Hilton,
and from thence westwards and south westwards in the
middle of the River, and through the middle of the Bay or
Lake of Btquadack, alias Bassaquack, or by what other
name or names it hath, towards the bottom or westernmost
part of the river called Pascassockes to the falls thereof,
and from thence by an imaginary line to pass over to the
Sea, where the proambulation began, etc. etc." That is
to say, it included what is now known as Portsmouth, Rye,
Hampton, Greenland and part of Newington.
9. New Hampshire and Masonia, to Captain John
Mason, April 22, 1635 This patent was issued because
the Council for New England, at its session, February 3,
1634-5. had decided to surrender its charter to the King,
and its territory was divided by the Council into eight
divisions, of which No. 6 was to Captain Mason, and
comprised the territory mentioned in his New Hampshire
grcjnt of November 7, 1629, and which finally came to be
defined by the present boundary lines of the State, after a
cortention with Massachusetts for nearly two hundred
years ; the final decision of the line was made less than a
score of years ago.
It may be well here to state a fact that is not generally
known, that what is now the State of New Hampshire,
was never so called by the people here ; nor was the name
New Hampshire used in official and legal papers, until
1679, fifty years after it was given to the territory by Cap-
tain Mason, that is, Nov. 7, 1629. During the period from
1640 to 1679 the towns here were a part of Norfolk County
of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and the territory here
was called Pascataqua; that was the name it wu known
l62 riRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
'by, everywhere along the coast, from 1623 to 1640. It has
been assumed by some historical writers, that "Pascata-
qua" was applicable only to the locality about Little
Harbor and Odiorne's Point ; but that is a mistaken idea
of the territory covered by the word. In writing letters
'they were dated as from " Hilton's Point, Pascataqua ;"
or, "Strawberry Bank, Pascataqua;" or, " Pascataqua
•in New England," when letters were sent here from
In a statement of Robert Mason's claim for land rent
from the Dover and Portsmouth farmers, in 1674-5, refer-
ence is made to Captain' John Mason's various franchises,
which have already been mentioned, and "afterwards en-
larged," and "now called New Hampshire." The infer-
ence is plain, that it was hot so called before then.
The Mason heirs had been trying for years to sell land
and collect rents from land holders, but the Massachusetts
rcourts would not admit any such claims ; so, as a last
•.resort, in 1679, the separate province of New Hampshire
was established, with new Courts that Massachusetts
.could not control, in which the law suits were tried. But
for those lawsuits, our State today might now rejoice in
the euphonious name, Pascataqua instead of New Hamp-
- Having shown that Captain John Mason had nothing
whatever to do with the 'first settlement in New Hampshire
I will now show that David Thomson and 1 Edward Hilton
were the leaders "in making, the first settlements, — the one
at Odiorne's Point, the other at Hilton's Point, now com-
monly called Dover Point. Both came with their parties
in the spring of 1623. Thomson remained two or three
years, then removed to Thomson's Island, in Boston
Harbor, where he died. Hilton remained permanently at
Dover Point, and the settlement there has been continuous
to the present day ; therefore I claim that the first perma-
' ' ?ie?it settlement in New Hampshire, was made at Dover
Point. I will give the evidence on which I base my belief.
FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 163*
Who was David Thomson that he should receive
grants of land from the Council of Plymouth? What in-
duced him to come here to settle? Who was Edward
Hilton, that he should come here with David Thomson ?
Surely they could not have been ordinary men.
._-..,■ David Thomson.
— David Thomson was born about 1590 ; he was united in
marriage with Amias Cole, of Plymouth, England, 13 July
1613 ; she was the daughter of William Cole, of that town,
"who was a ship builder. The 'wedding took place in St.
•Andrew's church, and is on record there. :•
; The names of his parents are not known. It is said that
he was of Scotch descent, and that he was son of Michael
Thomson, but there is no evidence of this. He is nowhere
mentioned as connected with any town in Scotland; the
inference is that he- was born in Plymouth, where he mar-
lied his wiie and was in business a number of years pre-
vious to coming to New England. At the time of his
-marriage, when he was about twenty-three years old, he
was called "an apothecary's clerk." His place of residence
from 1613 to 1623, was at Plymouth. How long he con-
tinued in the apothecary business is not known. As his
father-in-law was a ship builder, he may have engaged in
business with him ; but up to 1620, there is no record
further than above stated, as to what he was employed in
-doing. But. it is. quite certain he was a busy man, and
became associated with men who were high up in official
circles, whose records are well known.
T,hat he was interested in shipping, and hid made
voyages to New England and the Pascataqua River before
-1623, is shown by his knowledge of the localities here and
dn Boston Harbor and in Massachusetts Bay. The proof
that he came here in the ship Jonathan, in the Spring of
1623, will be given at the close of this sketch. He and
his party landed at Little Harbor. The precise rock on
which they set foot, when they landed, cannot be pointed
i6 4 .
F1M9T S»TTi,lS**ffT OF NEW MAMPlfil&K.
out, as the Plymouth Rock is, on which the Pilgrims
stepped, only two and a half years before, but, from the
lay of the land, called Odiorne's Point, on which it is
probable the first house was built, it is quite certain the
landing was made in some cove on the south side of Little
Harbor, and below the bridge that leads from Rye to the
Wentworth Hotel, at Newington, as it was not possible
to anchor their ship safely any further out toward the
What interest did Mr. Thomson have in this New
England colonizatiou business, that was undertaken,by
" The Council established at Plymouth, in the County of
Devon, (England,) for the planting, ruling, ordering and
governing New England in America, etc. etc." Tbe
Council was charteied November 3, 1620; it organized
soon after, and David Thomson was elected or appointed
" Messenger," or confidential "Agent." This is shown
by the Records of the Council, when a hot contest was
going on in Parliament, to take away the charter, on the
ground that the King had exceeded his authority in grant-
ing it. The following are excerpts from the Record :
On the 5th of July, 1622 : " It is ordered that David
Thomson do attend the Lords with A peiition to his
Majesty for forfeits committed by Thomas Weston; As
also to solicit the Lords for procuring from his Majesty a
proclamation concerning fishermen in the western parts.
Likewise to procure some course for punishing their (the
fishermen's) contempt for authority /of the Council.)"
On the 24th of July, 1622: '* Mr. Thomson is appointed
to attend the Lords, for a warrant to Mr. Attemey-General
for drawing the new Patent."
On the 8th of November, 1622 : '* Mr. Thomson is or-
dered to pay unto Leo Peddock £u\ towards his pains
for his last employment to New England."
On the nth of November, 1622 : V Mr. Thomson is
appointed to attend Sir Robert Munsell concerning Cap-
tain Squebbs' commission."
On the 15th of November, 1622, "Mr. Thomson and
FIRST SETTLEMENT IN NKW HAMPSHIRE.
I6 5 .
the Clerk are directed to see the ton of iron weighed to be
sent to Mr. Whitty ;" and the same day, " Mr. Thomson
is appointed to solicit Captain Love to pay in the ^40 for
which Sir Samuel Argall standeth engaged," &c.
On the 16th of November: "It is ordered that Mr.
Thomson propoundeth to have an order from the Council
for transportation of ten persons with provisions for New
England. And the persons so transported to pay the
Council the usual rate for their transportation, after ex-
piration of two years."
David Thomson's name ceases to appear on the Records,
as an active agent of the Council, after December 3d,
1622. He was then preparing his emigration party for
New England ; the agreement with the three merchants,
his partners, was drawn up December 14, 1622, and signed
that day ; which agreement will be given later in this
From these briefs from records of the Council, it is mani-
fest that David Thomson was an active agent of the Coun-
cil in the contest with Parliament to save their charter.
While he was thus active, he secured for himself, a Mr.
Jobe, and a Mr. Sherwood, a patent or grant of a Point of
land in the Pascataqua River, in New England. The
patent itself has not been found, but a memorandum of
such a.grant is on record in the Public Record Office in
London, and was copied by Mr. Charles Deane, of Boston,
wher he was in London, and published by him in the
New England Genealogical and Historical Register, in
1876, as follows: "1622. A patent to David Thomson,
M. Jobe and M. Sherwood, for a Point (of land) in Pas-
cataqua River, in New England."
In the earliest times of history here, the name Pascata-
qua was applied to the river on the east side of Dover
Point, and in that river there is a point of land, just below
the mouth of the Cocheco River, which is called Thom-
son's Point, and has been so called from the very earliest
begining of records here. That is undoubtedly the Point
FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
of land which was granted to those three men.
Their object was to use it for catching and curing
salmon in the spring time, when that fish ran up the river
there, in immense schools.
The patent was obtained sometime during the summer
of 1622. It shows that Mr. Thomson must have been
there in some springtime before ; else he could not have
known there was such a river, and such a point of land in
it, which was desirable for fishing.
It has been supposed by some writers, that the name of
the Point was derived from William Thompson ; but that is
an error, as the land bore that name before William
Thompson became a resident ot Dover, and probably
before he was born.
DAVID THOMSON'S INDENTURE.
On the 16th of October, 1622, the Council of Plymouth
gave a patent, or grant, to David Thomson, alone, of
six thousand acres of land and an island, in New England.
The patent for this grant is not extant, but that there was
such a patent is proven by an Indenture of David Thom-
son's, which was found among the old papers in possession
of the late Hon. Robert C. Winthrop. of Boston, which he
had inherited from his ancestor, John Winthrop, the first
Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
It had lain among the W 7 inthrop papers two hundred
and fifty years, unknown to the historians of New Hamp-
shire, who, in their ignorance, have published a mass of
historical "rot," about the first settlement of this State.
Soon after Mr. Winthrop found the Indenture, he gave
it to the late Charles Deane, of Boston, who read it before
the Massachusetts Historical Society, at a meeting in
May or June, 1876 ; and" it was published in the annual of
the Society for that year.
In presenting it to the meeting, Mr. Deane first gave a
summary of its contents, as follows, which is all that is
necessary to give in this paper :
The Indenture recites that the Council for New England
FtRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. . 167.
had granted to David Thomson, alone, under date of
16th of October, 1622 :
Six thousand acres of land and one island, in New
England, but did not locate it ; that Thomson had abso-
lutely conveyed one fourth part of the island to three mer-
chants of Plymouth, viz. Abraham Colmer, Nicholas
Sherwill and Leonard Pomery, with covenants to convey,
in fee simple, the fourth part of six thousand acres. In
consideration whereof it is agreed between the parties, in
brief, as follows :
First. That the merchants, Colmer, Sherwill and
Pomery, will at their own charge, '"this present year, 1622,"
provide and send two men with Thomson, in the ship
44 Jonathan, of Plymouth," to New England, with victuals
provisions, etc as shall suffice them till they are landed.
And if they land there within the space of three months
after the ship shall pass Ram Head, (a promontory just
outside of Plymouth Sound,) the residue of the three
month's victuals shall be delivered to Thomson, at his
landing, there to be disposed of by him towards finding a
fit place for intended habitation, and also to begin the
Second The three merchants will, this present year,
1622, at their own charge, provide and send three men
more in the ship "Providence of Plymouth," which ship
was owned by Pomery, if they may be as soon gotten, or
in some other ship w 7 ith the first expedition that may be to
New 7 England ; the charges of these three Jien to be borne
equally by all the parties.
Third. Two men more are to be sent this present year,
(1622,) in the "Jonathan of Plymouth," the charges of
them to be borne by all the parties equally.
FoukTH. As soon as Thomson and the seven men are
landed in New England, Thomson shall, as soon as con-
venient, find out a fit place to make choice of six thousand
acres of land, and a fit place to settle and erect some
houses, or buildings for habitations, and to begin fc ~w
FISLST S«TT1,KMKNT OF NB?W HAMFSKIRK,
erection of the same. Adjoining these buildings there
shall be allotted before the end of five years, six hundred
acres of land, which, with all the buildings and everything
appertaining to them, shall, at the end of five years, be
divided equally between all parties ; and all the charges
for building, planting, husbanding, &c, during that time
shall be equally borne by all. The residue of the six thous-
and acres to be also divided in a convenient time, between
the parties in four parts, whereof Thomson is to have
three fourths, and the other three men one fourth.
Fifth. At the end of five years the island shall be
divided into four parts, whereof Thomson was to have
thtee fourths, and the others one fourth.
Sixth. Three fourths of the charge for planting,
husbanding and building on the said island, shall be
borne by Thomson, and one fourth by his partners.
Seventh. AlT profits during the five years that may
be derived from the six thousand acres, and by fishing
and trading, &c. shall be divided equally ; the merchants,
however, were to have liberty to employ ships to fish at
their own charge, if Thomson dots not care to participate
in the profits of such extra ships.
Eighth. All benefits and profits arising during the
five years, on'the residue of the six thousand acres, and on
the island, shall be divided among the four men, Thomson
to have three parts, and the others oue part. Each of
them shall, on request, deliver a just account of their
receipts and payments during the five years.
The above is a summary of the Indenture, which was
signed on the 14th of December, 1622, by Thomson, Col-
mer, Sherwill and Pomery, and under which the first
settlement of New Hampshire was made. As they then
reckoned time, the year 1622 did not end until the 24th of
March ; so they had ample time to load the ship "Jona-
than of Plymouth," and get over here before the end of
the year, 1622, which was the agreement they would do,
and probably did do ; any way they arrived in the early
FIRST SETTLEMENT IN NEW HAMPSHIRE. ^ 169.
spring of 1623, as we now reckon the year, as beginning
As regards the location of the six thousand acres: —
According to the indenture, Mr. Thomson was authorized
to make his own selection, anywhere he pleased in New
England. The location of the island was not mentioned ;
but a lawsuit, a quarter of a century later, made it certain
it was an island in Boston Harbor, ever since called
According to the terms of the grant, he was not obliged
to locate his six thousand acres all in one compact body.
It is quite evident he did not take it-all in a lump. Ports-
mouth, as now bounded, has 9000 acres ; so it appears his
grant was two thirds the size of that city. It was all that
he and his partners needed for carrying on their fishing
and Indian fur trade business. Please keep in mind, also,
that Sir Ferdindo Gorges. Captain John Mason, and the
Earl of Warwick, had nothing whatever to do with this
grant of land ; Mr. Thomson's partners were the three
reputable merchants of Plymouth, whose names have
already been given.
Those four men having signed the Indenture on the
14th ot December. 1622, proceeded at once to prepare to
set sail in the 'Jonathan of Pl> mouth." The company
started on the voyage across the Atlantic on some day that
winter. — the exact date is not known; neither is the day
of their landing at Little Harbor known, but it was in the
spring of 1623 ; no doubt about that.
If Mr. Thomson had been as gifted in the use of the
pen, as he evidently was in managing business, he might
have left us as interesting a stor> as Governor Bradford
wrote for Plymouth ; unfortunately he left no record of
what was done, or when important events took place. He
was a young man of twenty-eight or thirty years of age
then. If he left no records, how then do we know that he
really came in 1622 ? We know by the written records of
other men. Look at the evidence :
William Hubbard, the Historian of New England, who
wrote at a period about as distant from March, 1623, a a we
FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
are now from the date of the firing of the first gun on Fort
Sumter, which opened the Civil War, says that Thomson
and his company landed at Little Harbor in 1623. There
can be no doubt he knew whereof he wrote.
Captain Christopher Leavitt, a famous sea Captain,
traveller, discoverer, colonizer and historian, left an inter-
esting account, which has been published, of a voyage he
made to the New England coast in the summer and fall of
1623 ; he visited the Isles of Shoals, which he describes
very accurately, and in November of that year visited Mr
Thomson and his company at Little Harbor. He calls it
" Pannaway," but he is the only writer who has ever so
called it ; why he used the name has never been explained;
Capt. Leavitt says :
ci The next place I came to was Pannaway, where one
Mr. Thomson hath made a plantation. Therel staid
about a month, in which time I sent for my men in the
East, (at Agamenticusaud Saco,) who came over in divers
ships. At this place I met with the Governor, (of New
England, Robert Gorges,) who came thither, (from Ports-
mouth,) in a bark which he had (confiscated) from Mr.
Weston about twenty days before I arrived at the land.
(Weston had disregarded the orders of the Council of
" The Governor then told me that I was joined with
him in commission as Counsellor, which being read I
fc una it was so ; and he then in the presence <~>f three more
of the Council, administered unto me an oath "
'* In the time I staid with Mr. Thomson, I surveyed as
much as possible I could, the weather being unseasonable
and very much snow on the ground."
11 In those parts I saw much good timber ; but the
ground seemed to me not to be good, being very rocky
and full of trees and bush wood."
" There is a great store of fowl of divers sorts, whereof
I fed very plentifully. About two miles further to the
East, (Fort Constitution,) I found a great river and a
good harbor, called Pascataway. But for the ground I
can say nothing, but by the relation of the Sagamore or
FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
King of that place, who told me there was much good
ground along the river, about seven or eight leagues
above (Dover Point.)"
Governor Bradford in his History of Plymouth, under
date of 1623, says : "There were also this year some scat-
tering beginnings made in other places, as at Pascaiaway,
by David Thomson > at Monhegan, and some other places,
by sundry others."
Thomas Weston, the London merchant who had plan-
ned to finance the expense of sending over the Mayflower
and its emigrants, but who bicked out of the agreement
just as the Pilgrims were on the point of sailing for Mew
England, and left them in great financial straights, was
again heard from in the summer of 1622 :
He sent over emigrants in two ships, the Charity and
the Swan, whu first landed at Plymouth. There were
sixty of these colonists, most of them hard characters.
After remaining at Plymouth a short time, they commenced
a settlement at Weymouth, eighteen miles north of
Plymouth Weston himself came over in 1623, with the
Maine coast fishing fleet, which he left in the neighbor-
hood of Monhegan, taking two men and a small trading
stock in a shallop, and sailed for Weymouth.
They sailed along all right, until off Rye or Hampton
Beach, where a storm capsized the boat, and they barely
escaped to the shore alive.
When W 7 eston and the two men gathered themselves up
on dry land, with what of their boatload had washed
ashore, they were attacked by indians, who were short of
guns and clothing ; they took the guns and all the clothes
the three men had on, and left them. Weston and the
men, in their naked condition, tramped back along the
shore, to where they had called on David Thomson, a
short time before, in sailing along the coast.
Fortunately for Weston, it was warm summer weather;
so they did not suffer, except for sore feet. Governor
Bradford says in his history: "He (Weston) got to
Pascataquack and borrowed a suit of clothes, and got
means somehow to come to Plymouth."
172. FIRST SETTER M AIN'T OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
It is not recorded what became of the' other two poor
men ; probably they staid with Mr. Thomson, and worked
for their board and clothes, helping him finish his new
house on Odiorne Point.
Perhaps the following may explain how Weston sailed
from Pascataquack to Plymouth; it may have been th it
Captain Myles Standish took him along :
Winslow's book, " Good News of New England,"
published in 1624, in describing events of the summer of
1623, says : " At the same time, Capt. Standish, being
formerly employed by the Governor to buy provisions for
the refurnishing of the colony (at Plymouth,) returned
with the same, accompanied with Mr. David Thomson, a
Scotchman, who also that spring began a plantation twenty-
five leagues northeast from us, near Smith's Isles, at a
place called Pascataquack, where he liketh well."
Phineas Pratt, .whose manuscript narative was not pub-
lished until 185S, says he visited David Thomson, at
Pascataway, in the year 1623.
What greater proof would be asked, that David Thom-
son began his settlement at Little Harbor, in the spring of
1623, than has been given by the witnesses above quoted ?
The year and the season is beyond question. It was in
the spring of 1622, O. S.; or, 1623. N. S., — as we now
How Long did he Reside at Little Harbor ?
The Historian Hubbard, says, Mr. Thompson aban-
doned Little Harbor the next year, 1624, " Out of dislike
to the place or his employers."
On the other hand, Bradford's History of Plymouth
says : he was residing at "Pasketeway," in 1626 ; as in the
spring or summer of that year, he joined with the Governor
of Plymouth and Mr. Winslow, in purchasing goods at
Monhegan, where the owners broke up their establishment
and sold out to the highest bidder.
When Thomson and the Plymouth party down there,
and the Monhegan fellows saw there were competing
bidders for their stock in trade, they put up the price ;
FIRST SETTLEMENT IN NEW HAMPSHIRE. 173.
then Winslow and Thomson stopped bidding and withdrew
for consultation ; the result was they agreed to purchase
the whole lot, jointly ; which they did, and then divided
the goods according as each had means to pay Among
the lot were some fine animals, — goats and hogs ; some of
these Mr Thomson took, as a part of his share, and
carried them to his island, in what is now Boston Harbor,
where he established a flourishing business in raising
swine and goats for trade with the settlers along the coast.
As regards Pascataqua and Little Harbor. I have not
betn able to find any reference that would show that Mr.
Thomson resided there after the summer of 1626. The
inference is that he had shut up his house, and was con-
fining his work to his flourishing establishment on Thom-
son's Island Thtre is no record, or hint of a record, that
any one resided at Udiornc's Point after Thomson left
there, in 1626, until Captain Walter Neal took possession
of the house, by order of Captain John Mason, in June,
1630, on the arrival of the bark Warwick, with the com-
pany that Captain Mason sent over, and who began the
settlement at Strawberry Bank, which in 1653 became
Portsmouth Not a i.amc of a sir.gle human being, ex-
cept Thomson, has been found who was a permanent resi-
dent at Odiorne's Point, or Straw berry Bank, previous to
1630- Thompson left there in 1626; and his fishermen
and other "hired men" engaged in more profitable em-
ployment somewhere else. It seems evident that Thorn-
sou, Coll mer, Sherwill and Pomery did not find it a pay-
ing investment at Little Harbor, so gave it up, and shut
up the house.
What about Thomson's Island ?
How do we know that the island mentioned in the
Indenture, is Thomson's Island in Boston Harbor?
The Indenture simply says, 6000 acres and an island.
Well, that might mean Newcastle Island, just across
Little Harbor from Odiorne's Point. Why didn't he select
that, instead of the fertile land in Massachusetts Bay ?
The reason is obvious to any one who has seen both
174- FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
islands ; the one must have seemed to Mr. Thomson's
eyes to be nothing but ledges and rocks, with here and
there thin patches of earth ; the other was almost free
from rocks, and presented an inviting appearance,— ju»t
the place to raise hogs and goats.
How do we know that David Thomson lived on Thom-
son's Island f We have the evidence of men who were his
contemporaries, and knew him well.
David and Amias (Cole) Thomson had a son, John
Thomson, who was born, probably, in 1625 or '26, at
Odiorn's Point ; hence was the first white child ,b>rn in
New Hampshire. David Thomson died in 1628, leaving
a widow and an infant son. Later the widow married
Samuel Maverick, who was the owner of and first resident
on what is now East Boston. In 1630 the Massachusetts
Bay Colony commenced its settlement at Boston Time
w r ent on, and other settlements of towns around there were
begun, receiving their grants of land from the Colony
In 1635, not knowing David Thomson ever had a grant
of the island, the officials of the Bay Colony granted it to
the town of Dorchester, which town held it a dozen years,
unquestioned ; then, in 1647 or '48, John Thomson son of
David, who had just become of age, entered his claim for
ownership of the island, as sole heir of his father, David
Thomson, who had died in 1628, on that isiand ; and he
petitioned to have it taken from the town of Dorchester,
and have it restored to him, the rightful owner.
Shurtleff's History of Boston, gives fall particulars of
the lawsuit that followed, ending in restoring it to John
Thomson. In court, in 1648, he said his father began to
occupy the island "in or about the year 1626."
In course of the trial, there were among the witnesses.
Captain Myles Standish and William Trevore, a sailor
who came over in the Mayflower, in 1620, and visited
Boston Harbor in 1621 ; and while there took possession of
this island, under the name of the Island of Trevore, for
Mr. David Thompson, then of London ; he also testified
that Mr. Thomson obtained a grant of the island iroui the
FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 175.
Council of Plymouth some years before the Massachusetts"
Bay Colony had its grant.
Captain Standish testified that he knew Mr. Thomson,
as a resident of the island. Mr William Blaxton, who
was a resident on the peninsula of Boston some years
before the Massachusetts Bay Company settled there in
1630, testified that he knew Mr. Thomson well, as a resi-
dent on Thomson's Island, where he was prosperously
engaged in raising hogs and goats for trade with the
There was much other testimony which convinced the
authorities and the Court that John Thomson's claim was
just and legal ; and accordingly the island was restored to
him, much to the grief and vexation of the town ui
The Court descision, therefore, settles beyond question
that David Thomson was a permanent resident of Thom-
son's Island from 1626 until his death in 1628. It appears
from the testimony of Trevore, that he was the person who
informed Mr. Thomson about that island, and that Thom-
son the very next year obtained.a patent for it, 16th of
What about Mason Hall ?
In all the histories the story is repeated that David
Thomson built a house on what is now called Odiorne's
Point ; that it was a spacious and elegant house, built in
the style of the great mansions in England, in which the
Lords of great manors then resided, and in which their
descendants reside fo this day. How beautiful and grand
it seems as you picture it in your mind's eye ! The his-
torians not only say it was a grand mansion, but also that
he called it Mason Hall.
Well, what about it? There nevtr was any "Mason
Hall." In the first place if Mr Thomson had built such
a fine house, there was not the slightest reason why he
should name it (or Capt. John Mason, who never invested
a penny in sending over emigrants, and had no interest
whatever in Thomson's grant of land. Moreover i..
176. FIRST SRTTI*EMJ5J*T OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
Thomson had no time, material or workmen, such as
would be absolutely needed for the construction of such an
edifice. For example, it is stated as a fact that it took an
expert carpenter a year to do the carving and finishing
of the Council Chamber in the Governor Wentworth
house, at Little Harbor, which was not built till more
than a century after David Thomson built the first house
at Odiorne Point, just across. the Little Harbor from the
Consider the situation of things when Mr. Thomson
anchored his good ship, Jonathan of Plymouth, in a south-
west cove ot Little Harbor, in the spring of 1623. The
beautiful plateau of Odiorne's Point was covered with a
heavy growth of pines, probably, all the land around was
a forest untouched with axe since the forest primeval first
sprouted, as the glaciers of the ice age receded and ex-
posed the earth to sunshine.
Evidently the first work the men did was to clear the
land of the forest ; they had axes and strong muscles, btit
no saw-mill to cut up lumber, of which there was more
Mr. Thomson had his men convert those huge trees into
a large log house in the quickest time possible; it was
capacious and substantial, but there could not have been
very ornamental work. The chimney was built of stone,
at the north end of the house, and the mortar was tough
clay, from a clay bank near by. Tho foundation stones of
that chimney can be seen today ; and were seen by the
Pascataqua •Pioneers, when they visited the spot. August
thirty-one, 1909. No doubt they had the house completed
before Capt. Leavett and Governor Robert Mason and the
Councillors paid Mr. Thomson a visit, in November, 1623,
when he entertained them a month, as Capt. Leavett says.
It is fortunate that we have a description of one of these
plantation houses, which was built near Cape Elisabeth,
by John Winter, ten years later, who was the agent of
Robert Trelawney, Mayor of Plymouth and the proprietor
of the plantation there. Mr. Winter gave Mr. Trelawney
the following description of the house ; my opinion is
FIRST SETTLEMENT IN NEW HAMPSHIRE
that Mr. Thomson's "house was of the same style. Mr.
Winter says : —
"Now for our buildings and planting, I have built a
house here at Richmond Island that is 40 feet in length,
and 18 foot broad, within the sides, besides the chimney;
and the chimney is large, with an oven in e ach end ot him
And he is so that we can place a kettle within the mantle
piece. We can brew and bake and boil our kettle within
him, all at once within him, with the help of another
house that I have built under the side of our house, where
we set pur sieves and mill and mortar in t to break our
corn and malt, and to dress our meal in ."
" I have two chambers iu him, and all our men lies in
one of them. Every man hath his close boarded cabin,
(bunks like a ship, one above another,) and I have room
enough to make a dozen close boarded cabins more, if I
have need of them ; and in the other chamber I have room
to put the ship sails into, and allow dry goods which is in
casks ; and I have a store huuse in him that will hold 18
or 20 tuns of casks underneath. Also underneath I have
a kitchen for our men to set and drink in . and a stewards
room that will hold two tuns of casks, which we put our
bread and beer into. And every one ot these rooms is
closed with locks and keys unto them."
Enough see ns to have been said of Oiiorne's Point,
Mason Hall, and the career of that grand pioneer, David
Thomson, of whom Thomas Morton, the historian and
a personal frieni says he was "a Scotch gentleman, who
was conversant with those people (the Indians ;) a scholar
and a traveller that was diligent in taking notice of these
things, and a man of good judgment." It should be borne
in mind that Mr. Thomson was a young man, not 35 years
old when he died.
Hilton's or Dover Point.
Having shown when and how the settlement at Odiorue's
Point was begun, and how lci.g the settlers remained there,
I will now consider the question of how and when the
settlement ..-i ~-«a~ at Hilton's or Dover Point : —
i 7 8.
FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
The settlement was begun in the spring of 1623, by
Edward Hilton and his party, and the occupation has
been continuous to the present day ; some of the descend-
ants of the very first party being now residents on Dover
Neck, a mile or two above the Point ; so that is the locali-
ty where the first permanent settlement was begun in New
Who was Edward Hilton ? He was a native of Loudon,
England ; born of good parents, with a worthy ancestry ;
he was well educated ; he was admitted to membership in
the Fishmongers Guild, in London, in 1621, when he was
about twenty-five years old. That society was very ex-
clusive in selecting its membership ; none but owners of
fishing vessels and wealthy bosses in the fishing business
were admitted. Mr. Hilton's admission to the Guild, is
evidence that he was a young man of high standing in
that city. What his relations were with David Thomson
are not recorded, but he came to Pasoataqua in the ship —
Providence of Plymouth , which was sent over by the three
merchants, partners of Thomson,— Abraham Colmer,
Nicholas Sherwill and Leonard Pomery, — a few weeks
after the Jonathan of Plymouth sailed with David Thom-
son's company. Mr. Pomery was owner of the Providence ,
and probabiy came over in the ship on that voyage.
When they arrived at the mouth of the Pascataqua,
they must have had previous knowledge that Thomson
had landed there, or intended to do so, otherwise they
would not'have known where to make harbor Of course
they called on him, and then came up the river to that
beautiful point of land on which they staked out the settle-
ment, and built their first house, which it is reasonable to
suppose was of logs, and in the same style as that at
Odiorne'b Point. Perhaps Mr. Thomson may have got his
house built first ; we don't know, — L but we do know they
were both built in the year 1623, and there Edward
Hilton had his abode for ten years, wheu he sold out to
Captain Thomas Wiggin's company, which came over and
began the settlement on Dover Neck, in 1633.
Where is Hilton's Point? The distance from the Odi-
FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 179.
orne's Point landing place, in Little Harbor, coming up
the west side of Newcastle, to Hilton's (Dover) Point, is
six or seven miles The " Point" lies between the Pascat-
aqua and Back Rivtr on the south and west, Fore River,
(otherwise Newishawannock) on the east. In coming
up the Pascataqua, it looks as though it was straight
down on the east side of Dover Neck ; David Thomson
and tht first voyagers so regarded and so called it, hence
Thomson's grant of "a point of land in the Pascataqua
River" was on the supposition that the water Dover set-
tlers have always called " Fore River," was a continuation
of the Pascataqua.
The Pcint is about a half mile long and a quarter of a
mile wide, and is perfectly level, and in its highest place
perhaps fift> feet above high water mark The soil is
excellent. The situation is one of the most beautiful in
There is where Edward Hilton and his party settled —
He was a shrewd business man, as well as a gentleman ;
he was not an ordinar> fisherman He saw and apprecia-
ted the advantages of that locality for the purposes for
which he came over here ; that is for fishing, planting and
trading with the Indians.
At various seasons of the year; the waters there, on all
sides, were abounding in excellent fish ; it was but a short
distance to the Isles of Shoals, then a most excellent local-
ity for deep sea fishing ; the soil all about his houses was
excellent for raising indian corn, which the Indians soon
taught him how to cultivate ; also for beans and other
garden products. Two or three miles above there, he
could get all the oysters they could possibly use ; and the
clams in Back River w T ere so abundant that they fed their
hogs on them. Lobsters, wild ducks, and wild fowl of all
kinds were abundant in Little Bay and Great Bay, so that
they never lacked for food. As Elder Brewster said of
the Plymouth colonists that year, " they were permitted
to suck the abundance of the seas and of the treasures hid
in the sands.
By the way, — the Indians never, at any time, troubled
l3:>. FIRST SRrTt,EMi$NT OF NKW HAMPSHIRE.
the settlers on Dover Point or Dover Neck ; not even
during the fiercest Indian wars. Hilton's Point was a
most excellent place for meeting and trading with the
Indians, for the beaver skins and other Indian products of
the forests; and Hilton and his men must have found that
branch of their business as profitable as fishing; perhaps
more so. That very year, 1623. while Captain Myles
Standish and his soldiers were fighting the Indians, hand
to hand at Weymouth, all was peace on the Pascataqua,
and it continued so all through the troubles at Plymouth.
Mr. Hilton resided there ten years ; then, having sold
out his Interests to Captain Wiggin's company, which
came over in 1633, soon after removed to what is now
Newfields, then in the town of Exeter, where he resided
until his death in 1671. His remains and those of eight
generations of his descendants are interred in the ancient
burial ground, not far from the Boston and Maine Rail-
road station at Rockingham Junction.
When Wheelwright and his party came to Exeter in
1638, they settled at the Falls, and they found Hilton three
or four miles below, where he possessed a large tract of
land; and as the years went by, he built a spacious resi-
. dence after the Old English style. He was not a Puritan;
probably that was one reason why he left Hilton's Point
when the Puritan settlers came there with Captain Wig-
gin. Mr. Hilton was attached in a quiet way to the Eng-
lish Church, as is manifest in a petition to the King which
he signed 18 July, 1665, praying that he might be permit-
ted to "enjoy the Sacraments of the English Church,"
which he had long been deprived of.
When Exeter became settled, Mr. Hilton was one of the
leading men until his death. He was elected one of the
Selectmen in 1645, au d in many years after that. In the
early history of Exeter his name appears frequently, and
he was repeatedly chosen by the inhabitants on important
committees to look after their interests.
May 3, 1642, he was appointed by the authorities in
Boston, a magistrate, to hold courts at Dover, for that
town and for Exeter ; those towns having come under
FTRST SSTTLEIVfS^r IS NEW HAMPSHIRE. l8r.
Massachusetts rule in October, 1641. Judge Hilton held
the office for several vears Such was the man who es-
tablished tie first f>er,n2neat Settle me at in New Hampshire.
William Hilton, brother of Edward, was one of the party
that settled at Hilton's Point, in 1623. What of him? He
was five years older than Edvvard he was admitted to
membership in the Fishmongers' Guild, in London, in
1616, and "was an active member until he came to Ply-
mouth, New England, arriving November 11.1621. in the
ship Fortune, He returned in the autumn of 1622, and
came over with his brotht-r Edward to Pascataqua, in
1623. His wife and two children came over to Plymouth
in the ship Ann, in the summer of 1623, and in August of
that year came from Plymouth to Hilton's Point, and
resided there as long as his brother did. engaged in busi-
ness with him. He was Deputy to the Massachusetts
General Court, in 1644, and probably in other years.
After Exeter was settled he had grants of land there.
He also had grants of land in Dover He had a cornfield,
in what is now Eliot, directly across the river from Dover
Point. Probably it was an old Indian cornfield, which
the Indians had used during an unknown period before
the Hilton's settled on the Point, Later he built a house
and resided there, until he was driven off by Capt. Walter
Neal, governor of Capt. John Mason's settlement at
Strawberry Bank, who claimed that the land belonged to
Mason, under the Laconia ^rant.
Capt. Neal very summarily destroyed Hilton's house,
and granted the land to Capt* Thomas Sammock, June 2,
1633; he designates the grant, as — "Where William
Hilton- lately planted corne."
Hilton brought a suit against Mason to recover it ; and »
it was twenty years before the case was decided. It was
October 25, 1653, that judgment was given, in his favor,
against Mrs. Ann Mason, executrix of Capt. John Mason,
and she had to pay him one hundred and sixty pounds,
instead of restoring the land which had been occupied by-
some one during the twenty years. It was his land and
FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
his house that Capt. Neal dispossessed hitn of ; the Court
so decided, and that, of course, by right of the David
Thomson, six thousand acres patent. No doubt he began
planting corn there soon after the settlement was begun
on Hilton's Poiut, as it was an old Indian cornfield, ail
ready to be worked.
He was assistant justice at Dover in 1642. Later he
removed to Kittery Point, where, October 27, 1648, he was
licensed to keep a public house at Warehouse Point, near
Phyllis' Notch. He had ferry boats which ran to various
points on the Great Island and Strawberry Bank side of
In 1650, Mr. Hilton removed to York, where he aras one
of the signers that made that town comt under the rule of
Massachusetts, 22 November, 1652, and took the oath of
freeman ; there were fifty signers. He was one of the
Selectmen of York in 1652, '53, '54. He owned the Ferry
across York river. He died there in 1655 or '56, as letters
of administration, are dated, 30 June, 1656, to his son-in-
law, Richard White.
Another man who came over with Edward Hilton in
1623, was Thomas Roberts, who has lineal descendants,
in the name, residing on Dover Neck today, on the very
land that he owned two hundred and seventy-five years
ago. He was made President of the Court in March or
April, 1640, hence Governor of the Colony at Dover, suc-
ceeding Capt. John Underhill, which office he held until
Dover and all the New Hampshire settlements were united
with Massachusetts in October, 1641. The correct locality
of his first residence on Dover Point is not known, but it
is probable it was very near that of Edward Hilton, the
site of which is where the present Dover Point House
stands, —at the extremity of the Point.
After Captain Thomas Wiggin's company came here in
1633, having bought Edward Hilton's land, Mr. Roberts
moved further up, on the Neck, and located himself on
the bank of Fore River, where the spot on which he built
FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
I8 3 .
his house is still identified and pointed out by his descend-
ants, who reside on the land, which has been preserved in
the Roberts family, in uninterrupted succession for two-
hundred and seventy-five years.
In his old age he favored the Quakers, and reprimanded
his son Thomas, and John Roberts, who were Constables
when the Quaker women were whipped by order of the
He died the 27th of September, 1673, about two years
after Edward Hilton died. They were about the same age.
Leonard Pomery, one of the three merchants who signed
the Thomson Indenture, and was a partner in the six
thousand acres venture, owned the ship Providence, in
which Edward Hilton came over; Mr. Pomery probably,
came with him, to inspect the investment he had'entered
into with David Thomson, Abraham Colmer and Nicholas
Sherwell. Mr. Pomery was not a permanent resident at
Hilton's Point, as were the Hilton's and Mr. Roberts, but
he was there on various occasions between 1623 and 1628,
so much that he impressed his name on the cove that is
between Dover Point and Dover Neck, on the east side.
That cove has, from the very first, been called Pomery's
Cove; and is so called today. That cove is where the
Dover and Portsmouth railroad crosses the tip-end of it.
There was where the Providence landed when it brought
Edward Hilton and his party up' the Par.cataqua, in the
Spring of 1.623.
There was some special reason for calling it Pomery
Cove ; it would not have been so named, had he not been
there repeatedly. No other Pomery was ever in any way
connected with the history of Dover.
Other families were undoubtedly added to this colony
between 1623 and 1631 ; but their names cannot be given.
Now what are the proofs of all this ? How do I know
they came here in 1623 ?
FIRST SRTTI,BMJSrCT OF N«W HAMPSHIRE.
Evidence of the Settlement in 1623, and that
they Remained at Hilton's Point.
What is the evidence that the Hiltons and Roberts and oth-
ers, commenced the settlement at Hilton'sJPoint in 1623?
First. The historian Hubbard says so in his History
of New England which was published about fifty years
after that day, but was in manuscript much earlier than
that; he was, probably, personally acquainted vtth
Edward and William Hilton, and conversed with them on
the subject; Edward Hilton did not die until 167 1, and
lived at Exeter thirty years ; and it would seem strange if
he did not interview Mr. Hilton when he was collecting
the material for his history; he says in his history:
'..' For being encouraged by the report of divers mariners
that came to mike fishing voyages upon the coast, they
sent over that year (1623,) one Mr. David Thomson, with
Mr. Edward Hilton and his brother William Hilton, who
had been fishmongers in London, with some others that
came along with them, furnished with necessaries for
carrying on a plantation there. Possibly others might be
sent after them in the years following, 1624. and 1625 ;
some of whom first in probability siezed on a place called
the Little Harbor, on the west side of the Pascataqua
River, toward or at the mouth thereof ; the Hiltons mean-
while setting up their stages higher up the river, towards
the northwest, at or about a place Jsince called Dover,"
Belknap, and other historians following, repeat the
statement above quoted from Hubbard.
Second. William Hilton says they came to Hilton's
Point in 1623. The New England Historical" and Gen-
ealogical Register, of '1882. Vol. 36, has the following
petition, which had but recently been found in the old
Court Records, and no historian had ever known there was
such a "document; it settles the question of date, as 1623,
beyond a doubt : —
FIRST SETTLEMENT IN NEW HAMPSHIRE- 185.
Petition of William Hilton, 1660.
To the Honored Generall Court now assembled at Bos-
ton. The Petition of William Hilton Humbly showeth :
Whereas your petitioner's father, William Hilton, came
over into New England about the year Anno: Dom : 1621:
& yr petitioner came about one year and a half after, and
in a little tyme following settled ourselves upon yr River
of Paschataq with Mr. Edward Hilton, who were the first
English Planters there, William having much intercourse
with the Iudians by way of trayde and mutuail giving &
receiving, amongst whom one Tahanto, Sagamore of Pen-
acooke, for divers kindnesses received from your petition-
ers father & himself, did freely give unto ye aforesaid
William Senior and William Hilton, junior, Six Miles of
land lying on ye River Penneconaquigg, being a riverlette
running into Penacooke to ye eastward, ye said land to be
bounded soe as may be most for ye best accomodation of
your Slid petitioner, his heyres & assignes The said
Tahants did also freely give to ye said father &'son & to
their heyres forever! Two Miles of ye best Meddow Land
lying on ye North East Side of ye River Pennecooke,
adjoyning to ye said River, with all ye appertenances
which said Tract of Land & Meddow vvert given in ye
presence of Fejld & severall Indians. In ye >ear 1636 :
At which tyme Tahanto went with ye aforesaid Hiltons to
the Lands, and thereof gave them possession. All of wch
commonly is known to ye Ancient Inhabitants af Paschatq;
& for the further confirmation of yt sd gyft or gram Your
petitioner hath renewed deeds from ye sd Tahanto. & since
your petitioner understands that there be many grants of
land lately given, thereabouts, to bee layd out: And least
any should bee mistaken in Chusine yr place & thereby in-
trench apon yr petitioners rights, for preventing whereof :
Your Petitioner humbly Craveth that his grant may be
confirmed by this Court, & that A — B — C — , or any two
of them, may be fully Impowered to sett forth ye bounds
of all ye above mentioned lands, & make true returne
whereof unto this honored Court. And >our petitioner, as
186. FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
in duty hee is bound, shall pray for your future welfare &
Boston, June i, 1660. The Committee having consid-
ered ye contents of this petition, do not judge meet that ye
Court gratitye same, but having considered the petitioner's
ground for ye approbaccon of ye Indian's grant, doe judge
meet that 300 accrs of ye sd Land be sett out to ye peti-
tioner by a Committee Chosen by this Court, so as that it
may not prejudice any plantation, and this as a finall end
& issue of all future claims by virtue of such grant from
The Magists Approave of this returne if theire ye
Depu'ts Consent hereunto.
Edward Rawson, Secretary.
Consented to by ye Deputies. William Torry, Cleris.
[Endorsed.] Tae Petition of William Hilton Entered with
ye Magistrates 30 M iy, 1660, & ex. pd. ents Tahanto's
Deed dd and p Mr. Danf, William Hilton's petition en -
terred & referred to the Committee.
Now it is a mitter of record that William Hilton arrived
at Plymouth, in the ship Fortune, Nov'r 11, 1621 ; his wife
and two children came to Plymouth in the ship Anne, in
June or July, 1623; one of the children was William
Hilton, jr., the above named petitioner. He says that he
and his mother arrived at Plymouth about "one year and
a half after ;" that reckoned from Nov. 11, T621, makes
the date in June or July, 1623 ; he further says: "and in
a lyttle tyme following, settled ourselves upon ye River of
Paschatq. with Mr. Edward Hilton, who were the first
English planters there." That settles the question.
Third. " We have the evidence of Edward Hilton him-
self, as shown in the New England Historical and Gen-
ealogical Register of July, 1870, Vol. xxiv, wherein is
published the " Grant of the Council of Plymouth to
FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 187.
Edward Hilton of Land in New England, dated 12 March,
1629, [O. S.]" that is, 1620, [N. S.] It was found among
the Court records of the lawsuit of Allen vs. Waldron,
of date of February, 1704-5. This suit was one of the
Mason heirs claims against the New Hampshire land
owners. It was put in as evidence that Capt. John Mason
never owned what is Dover and other towns adjoining.
The Hilton Grant.
Now know ye that said President and Council by virtue
and authority of his Majesty's said Letters Patent, and for
and in consideration that Edward Hilton and Associates
hath already at his and their own proper cost and charge
transported sundry servants to plant in New England
aforesaid, 'at a place there called by the natives Wecana-
eohunt, otherwise Hilton's Point, lying some two leagues
from the mouth of the River Paskataquack, in New Eng-
land aforesaid, where they have already buitt some houses and
planted Come, And for that he doth further intend by
God's Divine Assistance to transport thither more people
and cattle, to the good increase and advancement, and for
the better settling and strengthening of their plantation,
as also that they may be better encouraged to proceed in
so pious a work which may especially tend to the propa-
gation of Religion, and the great increase of trade, to his
Majesty's Realms and Dominions, and the advancement of
public plantations —
Have given, granted and Engrossed and confirmed, and
by this their present writing, doe fully, clearly and abso-
lutely give, grant, Enfeoffe and Confirme unto the said
Edward Hilton, his heirs and Assigns forever: All that
part of the River Pascataquack, called or known by the
name of Wecanacohunt, or Hiltons Point, with the south
side of said River, up to the fail of the River, and three
miles into the main land by all the breadth aforesaid ;
Together with all the shores, creeks, bays, harbors, and
coasts alongst the sea, within the limits and bounds afore-
said, with woods and is!ands next adjoining to the land
not being already granted b> said Council unto any other
FIRST SETTUCMStfT OF NBW HAMPSHIRE.
person or persons, together also with all the lands. riv*"S
mines, minerals of what kind or nature soe ever, etc etc.;
To have and to hold all and singular the said lands aid
premises, etc. etc. unto said Edward Hilton, his bHrs i id
assigns, etc. they paying unto our sovereign Ciri »V
King, one fifth part of gold or silver ores, and anoh^r
fifth part to the Council aforesaid and their successor* by
the rent hereafter in these presents reserved, yielding 1 1 1
paying therefor yearly forever, unto said Council their
successors or assigns, for every one hundred acres of s lid
land in use, the sum of twelve pence of Lawful money of
England into the hands of the Rent gatherer for the time
b^ing, of the said Council, for all services wh its >ever : —
And the said Council for the affairs of England, in Amer-
ica aforesaid, do by these presents nominate, depute,
authorize, appoint, and in their place and stead put
William Blackston, of New England, in America, afore-
said. Clerk ; William Jeffries and Thomas Lewis, of the
same place, Gents, and either or any 01 them jointly or
separately, to be their [the Council's,] true and lawful
Attorney or Attorneys, and in their name and stead to
enter into each part or portion of land and other premises
with the appointments by these presents given and granted,
or into some part thereof in the name of the whole, and
peacable and quiet possession and seisin thereof for them
to take, and the same so had and taken in their name and
stead, to deliver possession & seisin thereof unto Edward
Hilton, the said Edward Hilton, his heirs, associates and
assigns, according to the tenor, forme and effect of these
presents, Ratifying, Conforming and allowing all & what-
soever the said Attorney, or Attorneys, or either of them,
shall doe in and about tie Premises by virtue hereof.
In witness whereof the said Council for the affairs of
New England in America aforesaid, have hereunto caused
their Common Seal to be put, the twelfth day of March,
Anno : Domi : 1629. ( 1630, n. s. ) Ro. Warwick.
Memo : That upon the seventh day of July, Anno :
Dmi : Annoq ; R's Caroli pri. Septimo : By Virtue of a
FIRST SETTLEMENT IN NEW HAMPSHIRE. 189.
warrant of Attorney within mentioned from the Council of
the affairs in New England, under theircommon Seal unto
Thomas Lewis, he the said Thomas Lewis had taken quiet
possession of the within mentioned premises and livery
and seisin thereof, hath given to the within named Edward
Hilton in the presence of us :
' James Downe.
Vera copia efficit peruos.
Vera Copia, Attest, Rich : Partridge, Cleric.
In conclusion it may be well to repeat what has already
been mentioned, — that the reason for his getting this grant
was that Capt. John Mason had obtained his New Hamp-
shire grant on the 7th of November preceding ; and the
Laconia company only ten days later ; which grants en-
tirely surrounded Hilton's possessions. The result was
that Hilton did what every sensible business man would
under similar circumstances ; that is, he secured a new and
specific patent, to cover what he had possession of for
seven years under the David Thomson grant ot six thous-
and acres. If he had not done that, no doubt Captain
Walter Neal would have tried to drive him off, as he did
William Hilton from the cornfield in Kittery, now Eliot.
The very wording of the grant, shows that the Council
regarded him as a permanent settler ; not a new man just
come oyer ; and that he really owned the land.
Again, there is further evidence that he had been set-
tled there several years before 1630. In 1628, Governor
Bradford sent a letter to Tomas Morton, the head man of
a lively lot of settlers at Merry Mount, in Wollaston,
req«ie^ ; ng him not to sell guns, amunition and rum to the
I Hi n^. as he and his men had been doing To this letter
Morton replied that he defied the Plymouth authorities to
molest him ; and assured the Governor that there would
be bloodsheu, should they attempt it.
190. FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
Upon receipt of this letter, Bradford, in June, 1628,
sent the Plymouth militia, under the command of Captain
Standish, to subdue them. When the Captain arrived he
found the settJers baricaded in Morton's house ; and
Morton, after taunting Standish with a volley of abuse,
led his men out against the men of Captain Shrimp as he
styled Standish. In the scrimage which followed, Morron
was taken prisoner, and the others surrendered ; the only
shedding of blood being from the nose ot a dru iken
Merry Mount settler which was scratched with the s.vir i-
point of one of Standish's soldiers.
Soon after this, Morton, under arrest, was sent to Eng-
land in a ship that sailed from the Isles of Shods. fJie
charges incident to arresting Morton and sending him to
England were apportioned among the settlements ilong
the coast, from Plymouth to Manhegan. The total was
£12, 7s ; of which Edward Hilton paid £ 1 ; his men at
Pascataquack £2, ios ; Thomson, at Thomson's Island,
15 shillings: Plymouth, 2£ } ios ; Naumkeag, (Salem,)
£1, ios; Jeffrey and Burslem, £2; Nantascott, $:,ios;
Blackston at Shawniut, (Boston,) 12 shillings.
That shows that Hilton was one of the most substantial
citizens in New England, and was an old resident, inter-
ested in preserving order. It also shows that Hilton and
his men at Pascataqua paid more than auy other place.
As regards the names of the two places : Hilton's Point
w r as so named because Edward Hilton settled there in
,1623, and stayed there. Odiorne's Point was so named
from the Odiorne family that settled in that neighborhood
more than a century after David Thomson built his house
there in the spring of" 1623. It never had any name before
that. If David Thomson had remained there, a permanent
settler, as Hilton did at Dover, the place, as a matter of
course, would have been called Thomson's Point. He did
not do that ; he went to Boston Harbor in 1826, and resided
on the island that had been granted him in 1622 ; and the
place bears the name, Thomson's Island, to this day. The
names themselves show that the First Permanent Settle-
ment in New Hampshire, was at Hilton's Point, in Dover.
FIRST SETTLEMENT OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 191.
In conclusion it seems proper to &ay that it has always
been the tradition in the Roberts family, passed down irom
father to sons to the present day, that Thomas Roberts
came over with Edward Hilton, and settled at Dover
Point ; and that they came in the spring of 1623 ; and that
he remained there ten years ; in 1633, when Capt. Thomas
Wiggin's company arrived, and the settlement was begun
on Dover Neck, Mr. Roberts removed from the Point to
the Neck, and built his house on a grant of land the town
gave him on Fore River, which land has remained in pos-
session of his descendants to the present day.
The I^aconia Grant of November 17, 1629, led to the
first settlement of Strawberry Bank, (Portsmouth,) in 1630.
The Thomson grant of October 16, 1622, led to the settle-
ment of Hilton's Point, (Dover,) in 1623. Dover was
never in any way under control of the L,aconia Company.
192. CAPTAIN JOHN MASON.
QTapfain Jnlyn Blasott.
BY MOSES A. SAFFORD.
Read at the Annual Meeting of the Piscataqua Pioneers.
One year Bgo I promised to write a paper on Captain
John Mason, in connection with his certified charter of
August 19, 1635, published in Vol. 2, York Deeds. At
that time I was not aware that a memoir had been pre-
pared, or any extended account given of the charter re-
ferred to. Since that time I have learned that a monogram
has been written for the Prince Society, in connection with
several letters and documents appertaining to the man and
his time, copies of which have been collected.
Quite a time has been required and much labor expended
to accumulate the scanty evidences of the real life of
Mason. Most that is possessed appertains to his official
intercourse with persons of official distinction. Enough,
however, has been obtained to form a general outline of
the character of the man as an official; hence the times in
which he lived enables us to form a pretty just estimate of
his character as a man.
Captain John Mason was born at King's Lynn, in
Norfolk, the son of John whose father was William, and
his grandfather, Miles. He was the only son of a family
of three, being the second child. The register of St. Mar-
garet's Church, Lynn, Regis, gives the baptisms as
1583, Dec. 1. Sarah Mason, dau. of John.
1586, Dec. 11. John Mason, son of John.
1589, Dec. 28. Dorothy Mason, dau of John.
He matriculated at Magdalen College, Oxford, 25 June,
1602, as of the county of Southampton, hence it is probable
that his father had moved from Kings Lynn to Portsmouth
at this time. No other record of him at Oxford exists. It
is evident that he did not pursue his course at the
The register of St. Margaret's parish, 1666, Oct. 29,
CAPTAIN JoTIN MASON. I93.
shows that he inairied Ane Greene, daughter of Edward
Greene, Goldsmith. It has betn claimed that Mason was
of huml/e origin ; Lut since Mr. Tuttle's death evidence
has b^eu produced which carries his ancestry back three
generations farther which provts to the contrary. As the
question is of little consequence for my purpose, I will not
trouble you with the record of the Visitation Book of
London, as to pedigree. We are more interested in the
man himself and his activities than in his origin.
What I have given is gleaned from data furnished Mr.
Tuttle by correspondence with Col. Jos. S. Chester and
others, covering a period of several years. The careful
habits of Mr. Tuttle in historical matters, leaves little
room for question as to what he finally accepts as true.
We mark certain epochs in history by the historic enter-
prises of distinguished personages, as the invasion of
Britain by Julius Csesar, or later by William of Normandy,
— the influences these events have upon the inhabitants
affected thereby become historic and are peculiar on many
accounts. Whatever has exalted a people and added to
their happiness and prosperity, they date back to and
connect with the chief agent or pioneer in the enterprise, —
an epoch maker if you please.
It is a gratification to us to know that Christopher
Columbus discovered the western continent, that we can
read his log-book and know just w T here he went, and much
that he accomplished, and much that was done by the
country which he represented, as a result of his discoveries.
Our name is suggestive of information which it w r ould
be very desirable to possess and which we really ought to
have, if possible, at the outset of our organization.
While we are ready to give credit to Captain John Smith
for his preliminary voyage along our coast, and so near to
us as the Isles of Shoals, we are more particularly inter-
ested in the man whose agents landed at the mouth of the
Piscataqua river, and spread his settlements out on both
sides of it, so far as it was prudent for him to do.
Without unnecessary repitition of historic events and
persons connected therewith, which are matters of history
194- . CAPTAIN JOHN MASON.
well known, let us confine ourselves to the man who was
more directly instrumental in establishing a settlement at
this point than any other person, — Captain John Mason
With the experiences of Sir Walter Raleigh in Virginia,
of Sir Humphrey Gilbert at the mouth of the Kennebec
and the Popham colony, Sir Ferdinando Gorges had
amassed a fund of information through his agents and the
Indians carried to him from this part of the country ; and
in 1620 he was ready to apply to the King for a new charter
to be known as the New England Charter, which was to
give a perpetual name to this section of the country. It
granted the territory lying between 40 and 48 degrees of
latitude and the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The territory
thus granted was called New England. Gorges and his
thirty associates were styled the " Council for planting,
, ruling and governing New England in America." N"one
but "persons of honor and gentlemen of blood," were
named as Councillors in the charter.
A. new and energetic man now comes into view with
Gorges in his New England enterprises, and who for many
years after is a chief figure in New England history. —
Captain John Mison, a young and enterprising man, had
been in Newfoundland, a governor of the colony of Adven-
turers and Planters of the cities of London and Bristol,
chartered in 1610. He held this office as early as 1615.
He returned to England in the summer of 1621, and im-
mediately joined Gorges in his New England expedition,
and their joint enterprise succeeded.
It is a matter of regret to the historian that so little has
been preserved of the private records of a man whose ac-
tivities represented important events upon two continents,
whose spheres of usefulness were of an historic character,
and of such political significance to his country.
The history of Captain John Mason had not been writ-
ten in 1873, when the Prince Society invited Mr. Charles
W. Tuttle, of which he was an officer, to prepare as one of
the publications of the Society, a monogram on the
Founder of New Hampshire.
Mr. Tuttle was, from this time to the time of his death
CAPTAIN JOHN MASON. I95.
collecting materials for that purpose, in the hope that the
English Commission on Historical Manuscripts, which
had already discovered many important papers in private
hands, would find valuable documents illustrating the
life and services of Captain Mason. Mr. Tuttle's death
occurred in 1881. His manuscripts were then placed in
the hands of John Ward Dean, A. M., who prepared them
for the press.
The memoir was prepared by Mr. Tuttle, who refers to
the fact that Captain Mason was scarcely mentioned in the
Puritan literature of Massachusetts Bay;, and he notes
the cause, which he says lies not v r ery deep : " Mason was
a churchman and royalist, two things held in equal ab-
horrence by the Puritans." Pie also refers to the fact that
as two and a half centuries had passed since his death, it
was a long time to go back tor materials for his life, which
extended into the time of Elizabeth.
Except for the official correspondence and public docu-
ments today we are no better equipped with materials for
the life of this man than was Mr. Tuttle twenty-eight
years ago. The offices which he filled under royal author-
ity indicate the estimation in which he was held by his
government, and give evidence of the ability he must have
Captain John Mason was the only son of John and
Isabella Mason, and was born in King's Lynn, an ancient
seaport of Norfolk county. His baptism is recorded in
the register of St. Margaret's Church at that place, Dec.
11, 1586. The name of this town bore date from the time
of Henry VIII ; is an ancient commercial town on the
easterly bank of the Great Ouse River.
" For many centuries prior to the birth of Mason, it was
the first, or one of the first, commercial ports on the east
coast of England, Its inhabitants were extensively en-
gaged in trade and fishing. Their vessels were known in
the Baltic, on the coast of Norway, in the Hibrades, and
even in Greenland. Its streets, exchanges, and wharves
were daily thronged with persons engaged in every epecies
of maratime adventure. There were mariners who had
196. CAPTAIN JOHN MASON.
sailed on every sea, and experienced every peril that wind
and wave could produce ; there were also merchants
experienced in every fort of traffic, who knew every vicisi-
tude of fortune. Such was the current of daily life in
King's Lynn during young Mason's residence there. It
wis calculated to awaken, in a youth of his capacity, an
interest in foreign enterprises and adventure, and to stim-
ulate a desire to become an actor in the commercial
This is what Mr. Tuttle says of the early home of the
youth who was later in life to lead an expedition to subdue
the insurrectionary inhabitants of the Hebrides, to govern
a Newfoundland plantation in North America, to found a
state in New England, a Commissary General of His
Majesties forces in the expediton against Cadez in 1625,
Treasurer and Paymaster of the English armies employed
in the war with France in 1626, and later, Paymaster of
the Army and Navy.
During this time Mason resided at Portsmouth, the
chief naval station, as well as later when he was "Captyne
of South Sea Castle," Vice President of the Great Council
and Vice Admiral.
The house which he occupied at Portsmouth is noted for
being the place where the Duke of Buckingham was
assassinated, August 22, 1628. Among the letters and
documents collected by Mr. Tuttle, is one addressed to
the Duke of Buckingham bearing date at Portsmouth,
June 13, 1628, iu which occurs this sentence: "Your
Grace's lodging is prepared in my house here, which will
not only grace it and myself, but shall bind me perpetually
to remain Your Grace's most humble devoted servant."
I mention this to show that Mason was on intimate terms
with the Lord High Admiral of England, who appointed
him as his Commissary General.
In forming an estimate of the character of the man, we
must remember that he was a staunch royalist, a thorough
Episcopalian, and possessed of much more than ordinary
From the time he matriculated at the University to
CAPTAIN JuHN MASON. I97.
161c, it dees r.ot appear from any account we have, in
what business Mason was engaged. But it is reasonable
to infer from his surroundings and the spirit of the times,
that he left the University to engage in mercantile busi-
ness Dr. Belknap says he was a merchant in London,
but no uathorit} is given for the statement. It matters
not whether he became a merchant in London or else-
where, — he made himself sufficiently conspicuous to have
pL.ced under his command two ships of war and two
pinnaiices t« suppress the insurrectionary inhabitants of
the Hebrides, of whom an English Admiral said, —
" The Christian World could not show a mure barbarous,
more bloody and more untaimed generation," man inhab-
ited the Hebrides at this time.
King Janus' object, scon after he came to the thror.e, was
the restoration of the Episcopacy in Scotland, and the
reduction of the Highlands and Isles of ScotUuu n, one
religious and political rule.
Andrew Knox was the bishop of the Isles; and his
assistant in things civil as well as ecclesiastical, was
Captain Mason. Civil and military powers were given
the Bi>hc»p by the King. In the then condition of affairs,
it was a most important commission, calling for great
judgment as well as civil and military skill.
M ison spent fourteen months assisting the Bishop in
subduing the rebellious Redshanks. Upon his return to
England he met with a great disappointment. The Earl
of Dunbar, then Treasurer of Scotland, who became res-
ponsible for the expense of the expedition, was dead. He
had made no provision for the money to pay therefor.
Mason's disbursements amounted to ^2238. a large sum
for thase days. As late as 1629, Mason had realized
nothing ! ut promises for this large sum due him, which
now aintunUd to ,£12489 7s. In that year he applied to
King Charles, setting out his services and loss in the
expe'iti n, for the place of General Remembrancer, which
it seems he now got.
It has been doubted by most writers of New Hampshire
historv, that Mason ever saw the state to v\hich he gave a
I9S. CAPTAIN JOHN MASON.
name. I presume the reason for this is, that he did not
accompany any of the expeditions which he fitted out, in
person at least, so far as the record shows. But I have
good reason for believing; that he visited the Piscataqua
region while he was at Newfoundland. I base this upon
his letter to Sir John Scott, August 31, 1617, wherein he
" I am now setting my foote into that path where I
ended last, to discover to the westward of this land, and
for two months' absence. I have fitted myself with a small
new galley of 15 tonnes, and to rowe with 14 oares (having
lost our former). We shall visit the naturalls of che
country wiih whom I propose to trade, and thereafter shall
give you a tast ot the event, hoping that withail Terra
Nova will produce dmanovx to mmefest our gratification,
— untill which time I rest and shall remain,
Tuns dum fuus , John Mason."
It is unreasonable to suppose that a man of Mason's
training, a shipmaster and trader, would remain six years
at Newfoundland, without exploring the coast as far west
as the Piscataqua and Merrimac rivers, when John Smith,
but three years before, had explored the coast. It is more
than probable that John Mason and Johu Smith, if not
personal friends, were well acquainted with each other
from a business standpoint. If we remember that Smith,
when a boy at the age of fifteen years, was apprenticed to
Taomas Sandally, the foremost merchant of King's Lynn,
the very seaport where John Mason spent his youth, the
home of merchants, shipmasters and adventurers.
Is it not probable that the account of the New England
Coast, published in 1616 by Smith, was known to Mason
when he Wrote that letter of August 31, 1617. Mason was
in constant communication with those persons in England
who were keenly alive to every report of the adventurers
returning from every part of the New World, from Vir-
ginia to Newfoundland. If he knew anything of the
country to the westward, he knew it was more attractive
in its physical features, than the rough and storm-beaten
CAPTAIN JOHN MASON. I99.
Newfoundland, and that it opened up an interior toward
the great river of Canada, rich in peltry and trade with
the natives. The inference in the letter is that he had
already explored to the west, when he says : " I am now
setting my foote into that path where I ended last." —
It is more reasonable to suppose that this was his second
or third attempt at exploration from the entire letter,
rather than the first.
Besides, it is not reasonable to suppose that he would
have made such elaborate provisions for furnishing a
colony with all the appliances for successful farming,
lumber manufacture and defense against the Indians,
unless he personally knew the nature of the country in the
vicinity of the Piscataqua in which he was to operate.
- Reference to the inventory of the goods, arms, etc., at
Piscataqua and Newichwamock, July, 1635, left by Capt.
Walter Neal to be delivered to Henry Jocelyn, Esq.j by
command of Captain John Mason, and received by Am-
brose Gibbons and Thomas Warrenton, gives some idea
of the enterprise here four years after the arrival of the
ships Warwick and Pied Cow.
John Smith, Walter Neal and Waiter Barefoot, were
very similar in character. They were bred to arms, ready
for any adventure that promised duty congenial to their
tastes, in any quarter of the world ; they were soldiers of
fortune. The men who entrusted them with commissions
were men of similar tastes, knowing the value of their
services and giving commands from headquarters while
they w r ere in the field of activities. Knowing the spirit of
the times in the beginning of the seventeenth century, and
the average Briton who imbibed it, it is not a hard task to
descrbe Captain John Mason, founder of New Hampshire.
It does not appear that King James selected Captain
Mason to command his expedition against the inhabitants
of the Hebrides from any cause except his evident fitness
for the duty. By this measurement of his ability by his
Sovereign, it is easy enough to infer that he had the
capacity for organizing expeditions of colonizations in
200. CAPTAIN JOHN MASJX.
New England. He was broad enough to entrust them to
others as to details.
His lavish expenditure of money for his country, as
well as in his own enterprises, shows that he was generous
and not narrow in his undertakings of any character
A pen picture of Such a man would represent him as a
vigorous type of an Englishman of his day, physically of
strong build, courageous, of large nautical and commer-
cial experience, indifferent to ordinary opposition or obsta-
cles in the way of his enterprises, possessing a large
knowledge of men, both in the nautical and commercial
world, with not a little of the experience of one whose
position tempted him to appeal for royal favors ; a practical
diplomat ; a man who could eat a full ration in the naval
service, and pay for an extra mess-bill of solids or liquids
This was the man who surveyed Newfoundland, and
published a report on it in 1620, and a map in 1626 ; —
who explored the coast oi New England in 1617, sent a
settlement here in 1623, through David Tnompson which
was followed upon a larger scale in 1631.
A list of stewards or servants in the employ of Captain
Mason, or the Leaconia Co. published in N. H. Provincial
Papers, 5th Vol. gives the names of fifty persons, eight
Danes and twenty-two women.
One year ago I promised to speak of the Mason Charter,
of August 19. 1635, published in Book II. of York Deeds,
which came into my possession some thirty-five years ago.
Since then I have learntd of the memoir prepared b> Mr.
C. VV. Tuttle for the Prince Society, which contains many
facts relitiiifc to Mason not generally known; a large
collection of documents of an official and private character
which throw much light upon the man who at present
interests us. Among the others published is a copy of the
Charter above refened to, whose authenticity is discussed
I deem it unnecessary to prolong this paper by a copy of
the Charter since it is published 111 the two volumes before
referred to. The original folio contains tweut.}-two
CAPTAIN JOHN MASON.. 201.
manuscript charters, patents, deeds, commissions and
I will copy from the list of Royal Charters and other
Documents to Captain John Mason, appended to the me-
moir before referred to, the introductory statement. —
"The first statement which I have met with that a charter
from the King was obtained by Capt, John Mason is in a
pamphlet, printed in 1728, entitled, " A short narrative of
the Claim, Title, and Right, of the Honourable Samuel
Allen, Esq., deceased, to the Province of New Hampshire
in New England : Transmitted from a Gentlewoman in
" London, J uly 2, 1728," and signed "I. A." in which it is
stated that the writer had caused a brief account of " Mr.
Allen's ris^ht in said Provinces to be prepared." Then
follows the narrative, in which among the evidence pro-
duced is an abstract of a charter to John Mason, dated
August 19, 1635. Later references to such a charter are
found. William Douglass, M. D., in his "Summary
Historical and Political," Vol. 1, 1749, p. 418, states that
King Charles by patent, August 19, 1635, confirmed the
grant of New Hampshire; and in Vol. II, 1753, p. 24, he
reprints an advertisement of John Hobby and John Adams,
who claimed, under a deed of sale, August 28, 1706, from
Thomas Allen, son and heir of Samuel Allen, to Sir
Charles Hobby, grandfather of John Hobby, one half of
the lands which, the advertisement states, were "granted
to Capt. John Mason of London, by Letters lated March 9
1621, and confirmed to him by Charter, August 19, 1635."
This advertisement appeared in "Boston Post Boy," Nov-
ember 20, 1749, from which newspaper it was reprinted
" There has been much controversy upon the question
whether a charter was actually granted to Mason. Nothing
purporting to be a copy of such a document has till now
been produced. But in March last, after the copy for the
preceding pages was all in the hands of the printers and
nearly all the matter was in type, William M. Sargent,
A. M., of Portland, Me., the editor of the " York Deeds,"
to which reference has already been made, and also of the
202. CAPTAIN" JOHN MASON.
"Maine Wills," now in press, was requested by the Pub-
lishing Committee of the Maine Historical Society, under
whose charge the York Deeds are published, to furnish
for the second volume of that work an explanation of the
reasons which led Robert Mason, in 1667, to cause two
grants from the Council for New Hampshire to his grand-
father, Capt. John Mason, to become recorded in Maine.
Mi. Sargent in looking up the history of the matter, had
the good fortune to hear of a folio manuscript of eighty-
four pages in the possession of Mr. Moses A. Safford, of
Kittery, and to obtain it as a loan. The book contains
certified copies of documents supporting the claims of
Capt. John Mason, and those who held under him.
" Among these documents is a copy of what purports to
be a charter from Charles I, dated August 19, 1635. This
is certified to be a true copy, examined by Richard Cham-
berlain, Secretary to the Province of New Hampshire.
14 There are three views to be taken of this document of
which a copy is here preserved : first, that it is a genuine
charter: secondly, th U it is an unexecuted charter, or a
draft of one : and thirdly, that it is a forgery.
'* The chief evidence that it is genuine is the copy of the
charter here presented, and the attestation of Richard
Chamberlain of New Hampshire that it is a true copy, the
presumption being that Chamberlain had the original
charter.before him. and had made proper investigation of
its authenticity . The fact that other documents in this
volume which are certified to by Richard Chamberlain.,
bear date 1683. renders it probable that this was certified to
about that time, and as Chamberlain was the intimate
friend of Robert Mason, the inference is that Mason had
then proof of the original. The copy certainly was not
made far from 1683 There are other documents in this
newly found volume, which, though referred to in various
places, I have not met with in print or manuscript. Most
of them, however, art preserved in the British State Paptrr
Office or elsewhere.
Som* of the reisons for believing that it is an instru-
ment not fully perfected or a forgery are :
CAPTAIN JOHN MASON. 203.
i. No contempory evidence has been produced to show
that Charles I, granted a charter to Mason :
2. George Vaughan, writing from London, April 10,
1636. to Ambrose Gibbons, says that Sir Ferdinando Gor-
ges told him that Mason was prevented from procuring
a patent from the King :
3. The Lords of Trade, in a report to the King, in 1753,
say : " It is alledged that the last grant to Nason was
confirmed by the Crown by Charter dated August 19,
1635, with full power of civil jurisdiction and government,
but no such charter as this appears upon record."
4. The ground ot Mason's claim to territory in New
Hampshire is explicitly stated in the commissions issued
by Charles II to John Cutt, September 18, 1670. as pres-
ident, and to Edward Canfield, May 9, 1682, as Lieutenant
Governor of that province ; but this ground is not a royal
charter to John Mason, but simply grants to him from the
Council of Plymouth.
5. There is no reference to a charter from the King in
any of the petitions of Robert Nason, nor in the two state-
ments ol his title, nor in the legal opinions in his case,
nor in the records of the Privy Council that have been
printed. " It is to be hoped tbat further developments
concerning this charter will be made, and that the mystery
which surrounds it will eventually be cleared up."
From all of the preceding statements it is evident that
there were two parties at court. Those wto had the most
to say said it with the effect to produce unbelief in Mason's
obtaining a charter, while Mason's friends were disposed
to say as little as possible, or nothing.
It would prolong this paper too much to embrace the
argument of Mr. Henry M. Sargent as published in the
introduction of Vol. II, York Deeds, in favor of the proba-
ble authenticity of this charter ; but as we have much that
has been said against it, I think the Society should have
in its possession the argument in its favor. This may be
copied at any time for the files of the Pioneers, as well as
the charter itself. It may be desirable for our associa-
tion to have copies of all the documents and letters pub-
204:- CAPTAIN JOHN MASON.
lished by the Prince Society.
Letters and Documents.
Patent of Mariana.
The peace with the French of 1629 returned Quebec to
the French, and spoiled the prospects of the Canada Com-
pany which undertook the conquest of Canada as an au-
thorized private enterprise.
Sir William Alexander was at its head. Setting out
with a strong naval force under Sir David Kirk, it cap-
tured Quebec, took Champlain a prisoner, and, loaded
with booty, returned to England with the prisoner, Nov'r
6, 1627, only to learn that peace had been declared several
Next day, Nov. 7, Mason obtained, from the Council for
New England, the grant of New Hampshire ; and Gorges
and Mason the Laconia patent ten days later. This was
very soon after the return from Quebec. The spirit of
adventure at this time must have been very warm. They
were only seeking a shorter cut to the Great Lakes from
The Laconia grant conveyed all the lands bordering on
the south and east, ten miles ; and on the west, half way
to the next great lake ; and on the north, to the north side
of the marn river, which runs from "great and vast west-
ern lakes." and falls into the grand river of Canada The
Laconia Company and its history, are familiar enough
Captain Walter Neal was the leader and Ambrose
Gibbons was the factor of this enterprise.
Nov. 4, 1631, a patent was granted to Gorges and Mason
of land on both sides of the river, and also the "Isles of
Shoals, and the fishings thereabouts." Other persons,—
J. Cotton, H. Gardner, G. Griffith, T. Wannerron,
E. Gerry, Thomas and Eliezer Eyre, are named in the
Before Masou's death, the three plantations, Piscataqua,
Strawberry' Bank and Newichwaunock, fell under his
control. . • .
CAPTAIN JOHN MASON. 205.
The following grants are copied in the Mason Memoir : —
1. Grant of Masonia, Mar. 9, 1621, by the King ; Cape
Ann in N. E. by Council of N. England to Mason.
2. Grants to Gorges and Mason, Aug. 10, 1622, by
Council of N. E. of Province of Maine.
3. Grant of New Hampshire, Nov. 7, 1628, to Mason by
Council of New England.
4. Grant of Laconia, Nov. 17, 1629, to Gorges and Mason
by Council of New England.
5. Grant and Confirmation of Piscataqna, Nov. 3, 1631,
to Gorges and Mason and others.
6. Grant of New Hampshire and Masonia, April 22, 1635,
to Mason with remarks of N. C. Godell, A. M. thereon;
Also many other letters and documents which are of
immense"historicarvalue in becoming acquainted with
the character of Captain John Mason.
As death ends the career of all earth's personages, be
they^great or small, from the human standpoint of meas-
urement, a few have their memories perpetuated for a
time by their burial place. The great mausoleum of the
English nation is Westminster Abbey. Here undoubtedly
was buried the body of Captain John Mason, although
this fact is not more clearly proven by the record, than is
that of his charter of 1635. There is no record of the fact.
Here is another illustration of the uncertainty of records
which usually bear the stamp of the highest authenticity.
He directed that his body ''be buried in the Collegiate
Church of St. Peter, in Westminster, without any funeral
pomp or ceremony."
In his will he is described simply as of London. But in
the Probate Act Book where a separate record of all pro-
bates was kept, and in which the parish where the testator
died is usually given, he is described as of the City of
Westminster. If not buried in the Abbey, as he directed,
and unless carried away to be buried in the country, he
ought to have been buried either in St. Margaret's, West-
minster, or St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, then the only two
churches in the City of Westminster.
After an examination of the parish registers of both
206. CAPTAIN JOHN MASON.
these churches, Col. Chester says he can safely say, "that
he was not buried in either."
He also states, that the Abbey register for this period
professes to be imperfect. It was purposely mutilated,
after the Restoration, for the purpose of getting rid of the
entries in it relating to the family of Cromwell, and those
of his associates who had been buried there. The bodies
of many of them were at that time dug up and thrown into
a common pit in the churchyard. The same spirit evident-
ly led to the mutilation of the registers.
About 1661. one of the officials of the Abbey distinctly
stated in the commencement of the earliest volume, that he
collected the fragments and transcribed the entries as well
as he could.
From ail the evidence collected upon the subject, I
think there can be little doubt that the request of Captain
Mason in his will was complied with. I should state that
the will of Captain Mason is published in the Memoir. It
is illustrative of his numerous possessions and assumed
rights under his various grants and patents.
In 1874, certain natives of New Hampshire, including
certain descendants, had erected in the Church of Domies
Dei, in which Captain Mason used to worship, in Ports-
mouth, England, a Tablet.
[A copy of the inscription upon the Tablet, is herewith
Moses A. Safford.
Tablet Inscription, — see page 207.
The Tablet is thirty by seventeen inches.
CAPTAIN JOHN MASON. 207.
Qlopg Bi Inscription on QTaoIsf,
In Church of Domies Dei, Porismouth, England.
D. D. John Scribnerjenness, Charles "Levy Woodbury,
Charles Wesley Tuttle, Alexander Hamilton I,add,
Charles Henry Bell, Eliza Appleton Haven,
Charlotte Maria Haven, (all of New Hampshire.)
To the glory of God and in memory of John Mason,
Captain in the Royal Navy, Treasurer of the Army,
Captain of South Sea Castle, Governor of the Col-
ony of Newfoundland, Patentee and Founder of New
Hampshirein America, Vice- Admiral of New England
Born 1635. Died 1686.
The Faithful Churchman, Devoted Patriot and Gal-
lant Officer, of whom England and America will ever
be proud, was buried in Westminster Abbey.
Also upon the Tablet was inscribed, —
Neo- Hantoi ensis.
2 o8. CAPTAIN JOHN MASON.
Sent into New Hampshire, 1631, by John Mason.
Gleaned from an address of Moses A. Safford.
As a basis for investigation relative to the descendants
of the early settlers, I give herewith a list of the names of
some of those who were sent into the Province of New
Hampshire by John Mason, in 1631 :
Walter Neal, steward. Roger Knight.
Ambrose Gibbons, steward. Henry Sherburn.
Thomas Comock. John Goddard.
William Raymond. Thomas Furnald.
Francis Williams. Thomas Withers.
George Vaughan. Thomas Canney.
Thomas Wauerton, steward John Symonds.
Henry Jocleyn, steward John Peverly.
Francis Norton, " William Seavy.
Sampson Lane. Henry Longstaff.
Reginald Fernald, Cirurgeon William Berry.
Ralph Gee. ' Jeremy Wolford.
Henry Gee. James Wall.
William Cooper. William Brookin.
William Chadbourne. Thomas Wolford.
Francis Matthews. Thomas Moor.
Humphrey Chadborn. Joseph Beal.
William Chadborn, jr. Hugh James.
Francis Rand. Alexander Jones.
James Johnson. John Ault.
Ant. Ellins. William Brackett.
Henry Baldwin. James Newt.
Thomas Spencer. Thomas Blake. ,
Thomas Furral. Thomas Clarke.
Thomas Hurd. Thomas Crockett.
Thomas Catherton. William Dermit.
John Crowther. Stephen Teddar.
John Wiiliams. Charles Neal.
There w r ere eight Danes and twenty-two women besides
these, whose names are not given.
I 'also give a list of the names of those persons who
combined by a written compact for the better protection
CAPTAIN JOHN MASON. 209.
of themselves under the form and organization called a
body politic, in 1640.
The list comprised settlers on both sides of the PiscaU-
qua River, in Pkcataqua Plantation :
John Follet. Aben Commock.
Robert Manney. Henry Beck.
William Jones. Robert Higgins.
Philip Swaddon. Thomas Larkham.
Richard Pinkham. Richard Waldern.
Barthl. Hunt. William Waldern.
William Bowden. William Stover.
John Wastill. William Fnrber.
John Heard. John Phillips.
John Hall. Tho. Dunstan.
Fran. Champernown. William Promfret.
Stephen Teddar. Anthoney Emery.
John Hugroufe. Richard Lahorn.
Thomas Conning. Barth. Smith.
Thomas Sayton. Samuel Haines.
Thomas Roberts. John Underhill.
Edward Starr. Peter Garland.
James Nute. John Dam.
Hamerd Knowles. John Cross.
Edward Colcord. George Webb.
Henry Longhorn. James Parolius'
Mr. Spofford adds: —
I mention these names, not because they are not acces-
sible, but because they are not so commonly met with in
the books, as are those of the later generations, in this
vicinity, — accounts of whom are founc in the various
publications of a historical character.
A quaint item from the records of an ancient town :
" At a meeting of the selectmen of Watertown, December
3ist:i7ii: the Selectmen being informed by William
Godden that Ruth Bloss lay dead at their house : the
select-men considering that sd Bloss had of late been the
towns care, it is Ordered that the Town Treasurer do pro-
vide four gallons of Wine, all so Sugar and spice : that So
sd bloss may have a decent funerall at the towns Cost and
2IO. MICHAEL HANSCOM.
Michael Hanscom 's Protection, 1796.
I Daniel Humphreys, Esquire, Notary Public, In and
for the State of New-Hampshire, in the United States of
America, certify and make known to all to whom these
presents shall come, that the Bearer hereof, viz. —
Michael Hanscom, of Kittery, in the State of Massa-
chusetts, born & brought up there, and now an. Inhabi-
tant of the same Kittery, aged about twenty two years,
about five feet, seven inches and 3-ioths high, of light
complexion, light coloured eyes ; & reddish hair. —
Signs his name as p. margin, —
(Autograph on the margin, — Michael Hanscom.)
is a citizen of the United States of America, and as such
being liable, to be called on in the service of his country,
is not on any pretence whatever, to be interrupted in his
lawful business, by Sea or Land, by any Officers, Civil or
Military, in any place, % nation or country whatever.
Given under my Hand and Seal of Office, the fourth day
of June, Anno Domini, 1796, at Portsmouth, in New-
Hampshire, in the said United States of America.
A Sad Year. I85I.
Written by Isaac D. Phillips, Town Clerk of Kittery, 1851-2.
Copied by J. H. Dixon, Town Clerk of Eliot.
The schooner, Harvest Home, from trrs port, (Kittery,)
April 8th, 1851, — has never been heaid from to date,
(January 19, 1852.) Crew of seven men lost.
April 16, 1851. It has been blowing a strong breeze
from the north-east three days ; today, at twelve o'clock,
the tide arose four and one-half feet above the average
course of tides ; the highest that has been known for the
last half century. Also great damage was done along the
July 13, 1851. This day commenced fair, with the wind
North West; vegetation remarkably promising at noon;
appearance of showers at three o'clock, p. m. Very thick
at the North, at quarter past three ; — a few minutes later
OLD ELIOT. 311.
it commenced a shower of hail and rain, which ran about
a mile and a half wide, cutting the corn, grain and
potatoes almost flat to the ground ; killing poultry,
breaking window glass and some sashes clean out. It did
a great deal of damage to the Meeting houses in town, by
the breaking of glass. Over fifteen hundred panes of
glass were broken in the vicinity of Kittery Point. And
the storm passed on to Newcastle the same.
October 26. Frequent showeis of rain. On the morning
of the 27th, commenced snowing, and continued until one
o'clock p. m. It is probable that six inches of snow fell.
It cleared off and froze the ice an inch thick that night.
Marriages, Copied from EHot Records.
Continued from Vol. IX, No. II, page 98.
July 16. Joseph W. Hayes, of So. Boston, and
Olivia E. Gould, of Eliot.
August 3. Frederick E. Pickering, and
Manie A. Remick, both of Eliot.
August 8. Alfred T. Welch, of Eliot, and
Mabel G. Gammon, of Portsmouth.
September 14. Nahum Plaisted of Eliot, and
Mrs. Mary A. Capin, of Taunton, Mass.
September 24. John L. Fernald, of Amesbury, and
Carrie B. Foss, oi Kittery.
September 26. William P. Fernald, and
Mary O. Tetherly, both of Eliot.
September 30. Willard F. Paul, and
Ella M. Staples, both of Eliot.
October 4. Henry B. Spinney, and
Jennie Davis, both of Eliot.
October 12. Edwin H. Fernald, and
Nellie B. Foster, both of Eliot.
October 15. Myron E. Spinney, and
Bertha P. Spinney, both of Eliot.
October 18. Seth H. Sterling, of Somerville, Mass. • -
and Nettie H. Shapleigh, of Eliot.
212. „ . OLD ELIOT.
October 28. John H. Mathes, of Eliot, and
Mrs. Ellen T, Clark, of Portsmouth.
November 24. Frank Dearborn, of Durham, N. H. t
and Lillian Foss, of Kittery.
Marriages not included in Vol. 9, No. 2, — recently discovered in another book
of Eliot Town Reeords: —
December 9. Nathaniel H. Goodwin, of Biddeford, and
Abigail Ann Raitt, of Eliot.
December 18. William Toby and Polly Goodwin,
both of Eliot.
January 29. Joseph Dixon, jr. and Olive Rogers,
both of Eliot.
February 19. John Mclntire and Dorcas Mclntire,
both of York.
June 11. Josiah S. Tuck and Margery Godsoe,
both ot Kittery.
March 3. Martin Reraick and Olive H. Brooks,
both of Eliot.
November 21. Levi J. Shapleigh and Mary Ann Lovell,
both of Eliot.
June 25. Edward K. Paul and Mrs. Mary H. Goodwin,
both of Eliot.
December 24. Jeremiah P. Shapleigh and
Martha E. Scammon, both of Eliot.
March 28. Charles W. Dixon and Sarah C. Spinney,
both of Eliot.
April 28. John Remlck and Maribah Pennell,
both of Kittery.
July 14. Jonas McDuffee and Dorcas Jane Hardison,
both of South Berwick.
December 8. James Stackpole and Mrs. Mary Linscott,
both of North Berwick.
OLD Bl/IOT. 213.
January 25, William C. Merrill, of Newbury, N. H. and
Anna Goodwin, of Eliot.
August 19. William D. Foster and Hannah R. Hanscom,
both of Portsmouth.
August 22. James S. Woodman and Mehitable Nason
both of Eliot.
November 7. William Huntress of Newington, N. H.
and lzette Spinney, of Eliot.
June 25. William A. Manning and Nancy S. Atkerson
both of South Berwick.
Septbember 1. James M. Wentworth and
Meribah H. Bartlett, both of S. Berwick
November 12. William Hodson", of South Berwick, and
Alaria Taylor, of Porter, Maine.
December 31. Joseph F. Kennard and
Ellen A. Tobey, both of Eliot.
January 6. Samuel A. Remick and
Mary A. Tobey, both of Eliot.
May 30. Joseph Stacy and Mary Ann Chick,
both of Eliot.
July 24. Charles M. Wescott and Harriet Ann Mills,
both of Portsmouth, N. H.
March 11. Temple W. Webber, of Portsmouth, and
Eliza J. Manson, of Eliot.
March 6, William M. Spinney, of Eliot, and
Rosanna S. Urch, of Portsmouth.
April 8. George O. Mclntire and Hannah S. Welch,
both of York, Maine,
December 26. Charles A. R. Willey of So. Berwick,
and Dorcas T. Frost, of Eliot.
214- OLD KLIOT.
I8 5 6.
January 14. Winslow O. Garland and Mary A. Baker,
(residences not giveu.)
September 17. Charles E. Stacey and Octavia Frost,
both of Eliot.
February 4. George W. Leighton and Isabel S. Hanscom
both of Eliot.
December 30. George B. Brooks and Annie M. Davis,
both of Eliot.
December 16. Joseph C. Snow and Hester A. Fayban,
both of Scarbor.
January 3. Oliver Prime, Boston, Mass.
and Emily F. Kennard, of Eliot.
October 3. Levi W. Adams, of Portsmouth, N. H. and
Elizabeth A. Staples, of Eliot.
November 28. John J. Fletcher, of Kittery, and
Margaret A. Lydston, of Eliot.
December 24. Benj. P. M. Kimball, of Buxton, Maine,
and Ruth A. Ricker, of Saco, Maine.
November 29. Samuel A. Staples, of Eliot, and
Martha A. Place, of Kittery.
May 14. Francis N. Dixon, of Eliot, and
Lydia S. Sanborn, of Kittery.
January 3. Lyman P. Spinney, of Eliot, and
Elisabeth F. Gayting, Charlestown.
December 30. George Owen Shapleigh and
Lizzie M. Kennard, both of Eliot.
April 1. Charles M. Boynton, of Concord, N. H. and
Lizzie M. Ferguson, of Eliot.
April 1. Obed Wilson, Mrs. Lydia Johnson, both Kittery.
April 19. Henry H. Spinney, of Eliot, and
Frances Stoodley, of Portsmouth, N. H.
OI«D 3I.I0T. 315.
April 19. Edward D. Stoodley, of Portsmouth, N. H.
and Mrs. Elizabeth Lundy, of Eliot.
October 30. Charles W. Brown, of Portsmouth, N. H.
and Ellen A. Staples, of Eliot.
November 2. George W. Harrington, of Eliot, and
Sarah E. Floyd, So. Newmarket, N. H.
Nov'r 28. Geo. T. A. Hall and Mary L. Davis,
both of Stoneham, Mass.
Nov'r 28. Orra Page and Nellie T. Staples,
both of Stoneham, Mass.
January 1. Frederick A. Staples and
Sarah A. Paul, both of Eliot.
September 3. Edward K. Paul, of Eliot, and
Carrie Watson, Salem, Mass.
Earlier Marriages in Eliot, — then Kittery.
From Newington, N. H. Church Records ; marriages :
1754, Sept. r. Mr. Matthew Libbey & Mrs. Lydia
Libbey, both of Kittery, were marryed.
1762, Dec. 16. Azariah Libbey & Elizabeth Paul, both
1765 Oct. 31. Timothy Spinney & Abigail Paul, both
From York County Marriage Returns. 1 771-1799.
Marriages solemnized by the Persons following, viz. by
the Rev'd Alpheus Spring, pastor of the Second Parish of
Kittery, now Eliot :
Jan'ry 20th. Nath'l Low of-Coxall & Abigail Goold of
Feb'ry nth. James Hill and Sally Hammond, both of
April 16th. Timothy Bredeen and Molly Fernald, both
May 3d. Timothy Paul and Elisabeth Tetherly, both of
May 17th. Thomas Dixon and Sally Remick, both of
2l6. OI.D EUOT.
June 10th. Elijah Drew, of Madbury, N. Hampshire, and
Abig'l Clarage, of Kittery.
Aug't 28th. Will'm Garland and Olive Elwell, both of
Sept'r 13th. Sam'l Pettegrew, Jun'r, & Anne Cottle,
both of Kittery.
Nov'r nth. John Plummer, Lydia Neal,bothof Kittery.
Nov. 22d." David Staple & Molly Staple, both of Kittery.
Nov. 27th. Daniel Chickering and Abigail Hubbard,
both of Kittery.
Dec'r 16th. Enoch Staple and Eleanor Staple,
both of Kittery.
Dec. 20th. Joshua Small, Jun'r, of Limington, and
. Mary Clerk, of Kittery.
David Furbish and Elisabeth Libbey,
March 15th. by Dl. Pierce, Esq'r :
Meads Furbish and Mary Gould, both of Kittery.
Marriages Solemnized 1788, by the
Rev'd Alpheus Spring, of what is now Eliot :
April 21. Stephen Sewall ot Bath and
Abigail Bartlett, of Kittery.
June 15th. John Heard Bartlett, Esq'r, and
Mrs. Elisabeth Atkinson, of Kittery.
June 15th. James Floid of Portsmo', and
Elisa' Remick, of Kittery.
Aug't 6th. George Spring & Anna Libby, Kittery.
Oct'r 5th. Peter Staple, jr. Berwick, and
Nabby Hammond, Kittery.
<r Major Joseph Frost, Mary Shapleigh, Kittery.
Dec'r 23d. Benja. Gerrish, Berwick, and
Miriam Fergerson, Kittery.
Jan'ry 22d. Joseph Jordan, of Biddeford, and
Mary Leighton, Kittery.
Jan'y 26, Nath'l Remick and Abigail Paul, Kittery.
Jan'y 30, Winthrop Scrigens & Hannah Mendum, Kittery
Feb 8. Amos Pike, Berwick, and Sally Stacy, Kittery.
OLD ELIOT. 217.
B)ElI-kttonm Mm of Vqt Jgml (&tntT$i\m.
One of our most prominent men was Timothy Dame,
the subject oi this sketch.
He was a member of the old New England family of
Dames, who were among the early settlers of our Country ;
the son of Timothy and Sarah (Ricker) Dame.
He was born in Newington, N. H. January 7, 1832 ;
and lived in Eliot from the age of twenty till the time of
his death, March 9, 1891.
For many years he served this town as Selectman and
and Town Agent ; was elected Representative to the
Legislature in 1861, 1867, and again in 1888, when he
served on the Committees on Towns and Public Buildings,
being Chairman of the latter. Also held the office of
Notary Public and Justice of the Peace.
He was employed by the government as Clerk in the
office of the Constructor at the Navy Yard, in the year
1861 ; and as Constructor's Chief Clerk, during the latter
part of Lincoln's administration ; and also through
Grant's and Arthur's terms of office.
He was an expert mathematician and civil engineer,
and did a great deal of land surveying throughout this
region, and settled many estates.
Mr. Dame was a genial friend ; strong in his likes and
dislikes ; and well known throughout a large section of
Maine and New Hampshire. He was a ?ery entertaining
conversationalist, and commanded the respect of all who
knew him. He was for many years a leading spirit in
Mr. Dame was married in 1852, to Elizabeth F. Spinney,
daughter of Jacob R. and Lucinda L. (Dixon) Spinney.
He had five daughters :
Lizzie May, who married W. S. Trip, Esq. of
Iron River, Wisconsin ;
Angie, who married Dr. Jas. K. P. Rogers, of
South Portland, Maine;
Ella A., Laura V., and Lillian, —
all of whom are living.
George Washington Brown.
One of the widely known citizens of Eliot, is the Rev'd
George W. Brown, Pastor of the Advent Church.
He is a native of Eliot ; and his early history has an
unusual variety of efforts and incidents, and gave him
glimpses not only of life, but of the world.
He was born July 29, 1832 ; he is, therefore, seventy-
eight years of age ; nearly fourscore, but active in church
and town interests.
He was the son of Benjamin and Alice (Dixon) Brown.
His father was born in Wakefield, N. H.; and he enlisted
in the army in the war of 1812 ; he served one term, and
then re-enlisted, and was stationed at the Fort in
About the year 1844, at twelve years of age, George
left his home, and for three years he lived upon the farm
of Stephen Jenkins at Sturgeon Creek. It proved a
pleasant and profitable development ; and in 1848, he
worked upon the farm in Portsmouth, where the Paper
Mill now is.
The next year, 1849, ne entered another line of work
and duty : he went aboard the schooner Arcade, Capt.
John Fisher, and, with the lively crew, sa 'led to the Bay
of St. Lawrence, for mackerel.
The memory of this trip upon the Bay did not forsake
him ; and again, in 185 1, he boarded the Arcade, and with
the same Capt. Fisher, sailed to the Western Banks for
Cod Fish. It was a voyage that left a memory that has
not faded ; for the schooner entered Shelburn Harbor,
April ir, 1851, and it was days before it could go forth
again. It was a time that is now a chapter of history : the
storm that destroyed the Minot Ledge Lighthouse.
Again, the schooner made a trip, — and the design of the
voyage was to obtain mackerel. But, like the earlier trip,
another most fearful tempest, — to this day called the great
gale, — came, the third day of October.
The Arcade was in the midst of a large fleet of vessels
in the bend of Prince Edward's Island. It was a fearful
night ; but the Arcade passed out by the North Cape, and
escaped. Ninety vessels were wrecked and three hundred
men were lost.
After these experiences, Mr. Brown devoted his time to
shipyards. He was on Badger's Island, in 1852 ; in 1853,
on Noble's Island ; in August, at Kennebnnk.
Again, in January, 1854, he was in Donald McKay's
yard at Boston. Through the entire year he was in the
vicinity of Boston.
These duties of ship building, and also securing the
timbers suitable for the work, continued two more years,
then came another trip on a fishing boat: —
The Ann Eliza, Capt. John LaMerry, went to the Bay
of St. Lawrence, for Mackerel.
The same year (1856,) at Gloucester, he shipped on
board the William Bobson, with Capt. Ford, for the Bay
of Lawrence ; and in 1857, he sailed again with the same
man, in the schooner Fitz E. Riggs, and went twice to the
Mr. Brown's religious career began in 1857-8. Fifty
years later, Mr. Brown wrote: "From that time my life
beca;.ie a success." He saw at the early date of 1857-8,
that a new work was before him ; and he began his prep-
aration by going to Kent's Hill, in 1859, — a student.
In 1860-61, he was a school teacher, in Eliot. Then
again he was at Kent's Hill, renewing his studies.
He had a local preacher's license at this date, for two
years, given him by the Methodist officials.
In 1864, he became interested in the Advent principles,
and was ordained as Minister by the Conference at Alton
Bay, the same year.
220. OLD ELIOT.
For seven years he was President, and for nine years
Vice President of the yearly Alton Bay Conferences, and
is yet of the Ministerial Committee.
His association as Pastor of the Advent Church of Eliot
has continued from its very begining, as will be seen by
reference to Old Eliot, vol ix, No. i, page 41.
His name will be familiar, even in years to come.
An excellent portrait of him is in the World's Crisis,
Jauuary 18, 1905.
He married Miss Sarah A. Knight, the daughter of
Timothy and Mary A. (Pinder) Knight. May 14, 1863.
We can add to the foregoing, that Mr. Brown was a
member of the Order of Odd Fellows. He joined the
New Hampshire Lodge, No. 17, I. O. O. F. May 30, 1855.
He is still a member.
The journal of the Rev. John Pike, 1705, states, —
" May 21: Old James Tobie was kill'd by the Indians,
in Kittery woods, — John Rogers wounded the same day,
but escaped & was healed.
William Fogg House,
INDEX TO OLD ELIOT, VOL. IX, 1909.
Compiled by Joseph H. Dixon.
The letter a following a number denotes that the name is
found on succeeding pa
.ges ot the same article.
CONTRIBUTORS AND REFERENCES.
Aldrich, T. B.
f Boston Post Boy
Moses, John M.
Brewster, C. W.
Brown, George W.
N. E. Reg'r 104, 165,
Pike, Rev. John
Butler, Mary A.
Reeve, Samuel H.
Remick, Oliver P. 1
Dixon, Joseph H.
Satford, Moses A. 192
Fogg Wm. 28, 30,
Good New? of Engla
Shapleigh, Charles A.
Shedd, C. F.
History of Boston
Shillaber, B. P.
History of Heraldry
History New Englan
Histor> of Plymouth
State Papers (N. H.)
Willis, J. L. M.
Adams Lizzie C.
| Esther A.
J Eliot 49a,
Adams, Alice R.
Adlington, Eliza J.
Allen, john K.
America 4, 157a,
Anderson, Charles 84
Andover, N. H. 87
Andrews, Joan 132
John 12S, 131a
Applcdore, 132, 154
Argall, Samuel 165
Arlington, Mass. 103
Army, Continental 33
Army Provincial 16a
Arthur, Chester 217
Ashen Swamp 150
Aspinwall, Olive A. 86
Athorne, Ella M. 94
Mary F. 41a
Atkins, John W. 107
Atkinson, Elizabeth 216
Kinsman, 107, nxa
Ault, John 208
Austin, Joseph 137
Babb, Peter 132
Philip 128, 132
Bachelor, Charles H. 120
Mary 128, 1325
Badger, Samuel 38
Baker, Caroline G. 79
Charles 65, 107
Maty A. 85, 214
Baldwin, Henry 208
Bangor 68, 70
Barefoot, Walter 199
Barlow, George 133 ^
Barnard, Albert F. 107
Birrington 12, 57, 65
Birraw, Oliver 66
Bartholomew, Henry 186
Bartlett, Abbie G. 97
Abigail 76, 213
Abigail G. 113
Alice 61, 106
Benjamin F. 83
Caroline A. 113
Carrie L. 97
Charles E. 76
Daniel 71, 78
Ebenezer 61, 106
Elizabeth 120, 216
Emily D. 91
George C. 88
George E. 90, 92
Horace E. 91
Howard E. 97
James 34, 59, 144
Jas. W, 87, 97, 113a
John H. 113, 216
Lizzie D. 90
Lydia F. 97, 114
Mary J. 106, 108
Matilda P. 84
Meribah H. 213
Nathan 76, 113, 130
Nath'l S. 8, 62, 77
Sarah 58, 62
Sarah F. 8
Sylvester 85, 113
Thomas C. 66
William 60, 77
Bates, Frank A. 132
Bath 58, 117, 216
Bay, A Hoi:
Mass'tts 128, 1
Bean, Abigail P.
Bedell, A. K. L.
86 : 89
Bell, Charles H.
Bennett, Mary A.
I erwick 5, 9, 40, 46
1 47, 57,
60, 70, 72,
138, 144, 1
Bird, Caroline D.
Black, Elizabeth 59
Blaisdell, James 65
Lucy 65, Mercy 67
Blake, Thomas 208
Blaxton, William 175, 188
Boston 1, 22, 27a, 32a, 42,
46, 54. 67, 70, 72, 82
84, 86, 104, 117a, 125
138, 144, 146, 165a •
Boynton, Charles M.
Bracey, Sarah A.
Breed, Charles H.
Bridges, Olive A.
• Bristol, Eng.
Brooklyn, N. Y.
Continued next page
BROOKS— Continued :
Alpheus H. 7
gh, Susan A.
. - 75
Marv A. H.
Butler, Abba V,
Humphrey 128, 13
Wm. 12S, 134a, 1
Cambridge 27, 53, 84, 9
Chandler, Charles P.
PI anna h E
i 4 r
8, 90, 102,
Elizabeth 40, 47,
Chapman, T. C.
Capin, Mary A.
Chauncey, Alice R.
Carpenter, Mary P.
Carter, Augusta C.
Chepachet, R. I.
Chester, J. S.
Chester, N. H.
Casco 40, 90, 91,
Chicago 54, 98, 103, 117,
Cate, Mary H.
Episcopal i, 8,
Wesley a a
Clancey, John E.
Claremont, N.H. 27,
Clark, Ann A.
and, G rover
14; E. K.
Cole, continued > —
Samuel E. 93
Sarah A. 74
Susan R. 51
William 61, 163
William G. 18
Colebath, Lucy 75
Coleman, James 136
Rosamond F. 90
Dartmouth 51a, 113, 149
Collins, Charles 149
Colmer, Abraham 67
Columbus, C. 193
Columbus, Ohio, 27
Concord, N. H. 1,27, 68,93
104, no, 214
Congress, Con. 34
Conly, Abraham 128 135 149
Judith 135, 149
Constance, Eng. 18
Constantinople, Alfred 92
Cook, Elizabeth B. 86
James, Maria 58
Cooper, Ellen J. 102
Cottle, Anne 216
Mary E. 94
Thomas J. 71
Cotton, J. 204
Copeland, David 109
Court, .General 4a, 20, 101
124, 132, 134, 138, 142
146, 147, 181
Cousins, Amos 78. 91
Oliver M. 107
Craft, F. A.
Cram, Benjamin H.
Crane, Florence A. 2a, 27, 121
Cammock's 29, 135, 141, 145
Davis' 135, 145
Mill 14a, 141, 145
Sagamore 5, 8a
Shapleigh's 141, 145
Spinney's 17, 143
Spruce 29, 136, 140, 141
142, 145, 146,
Sturgeon 40, 56, 114, 115
*37, i39» Hi,
146, 150,. 218.
Crosby, Harry C.
Crooked Lane 136, 145, 146
Crowther, John 203
Cuinmings, Bertha E
Cutler, Nancy Y.
Cutting, Lucy A.
Dame, Angle A.
Davis, Annie M.
Davoll, Ada W.
Decoff, James H.
Deering, Hannah C.
• 26, 55,
John 13a, 56, 60
Des Moins 27,
Dexter, Fred I.
Dickey, Ella A. ,
2* ' So
Dixon, continued, —
Sarah A. 87
Sarah C. 212
Sarah S. 81
Statira M. 64
Stephen A. 87, 91
William R. 67
Dole, Hersena F. 85
Dolloff, Melvina D. 70
Donell, Ann 66
Ellen F. 96
Henry F. 88
Dorchester, 90. 98, 103, 174
Dorr, George 61
* Jane 61
Douglass, William 201
Dover, N. H. 5, 27, 50a, 55a
58, 62, 63, 65, 67, 71
74, 77, 81, 83, 88, 90
95. 96, 97. 120a, 137a
Dover Neck 179a
Dow, George F. 122
Downe, James 189
Downing, Benjamin F, 90
Dennis I29, 136
Joshua 136, 144
Sally 60, 62
Drew, Abigail 216
Dunn, Betsey Sj
Ellen * 84
Durgin, Hannah 136
William D. 86
Durham, N. H.. 5, 72, 120 212
Duston, Hannah 136
Thomas 128, 136
Dyer, Payson G. 72
Earle, Lizzie F. 97
E. Boston, 27, 102a, 145, 174
Edgerly, Thomas 120
Elder, Margaret - 35
Eldredge, William P. 107
Eliot, Robert 55, 112
Eliot Neck 109, 1 4.3
Elkins, N. H. 1 27. 121
Ellins, Anthony 208
Elwell, Olive 216
Emerson, Miranda . 59
Silas M. 107
Emery, Anthony 128 137 139
Benjamin F. 68
Caleb 58, 60
Clarence P. 27, 122
Daniel 34, 37
Eliot 72, 89, 108
Elvira S. 86
E. W. 119
George U. 77 113
Hannah 64, 108
James 37, 128, 137a
Emery continued :
Lizzie C. 96
Lydia 57; 60
Lydia A. - 91
Mary A. 58
Olive 65, 108
Olive J. 91
Sarah E. 84
Simon 34, 91
William M. 27, 122
Endicott, John . 125
England, 3, 13, 18, 47, 56
106, i 15, 132a, 160a
Estes, Anna 94
Charles W. 94
Etherington, Mary 147
Evans, Eliza B. 95
Everett, 141, Martha 149
William, 123a, 135
Everett Inn 123a
Everett, Mass. 97
Exeter, N. H. 4, 11, 180a
Eyre, Eliezer 204
Fairfield, Jonn 38
Fall, Martha D. 81
Fall River 27, 122
Farm Dennett 143
Oak Point 141
Farmer, Moses G. 49a, 77
Fernald continued, —
Andrew P. 30a 86
Sarah A. 66
Sarah A. E.
Ferry, Cold Harbor
137, 144, 149
Knight's 123, 138
Landing 38 137
Field, Alzira 79
Hirarn 70, 81
James 77, 80
John 6s. 70
Fiteh, Ferris 68
Fletcher, John J. 214
Margaret A. 214
Flint, Isaac 87
Floyd, Elizabeth 216
Sarah E. 215
Fogg, — 30, 31.
Ann M. 71
Betsey D. 62
Daniel 35a, 48, 56
John 33, 102
Fogg continued, —
Mary 33a, 58, 102
Paulina H. 80, 102
William 62 75 78 112
Folsom, A. A. 2
Fort Constitution 119, 170
Frank's Fort 29 56 136 140
Fort Mary 40
Watt's Fort 29, 123, 136, 144
Fort William & Mary 6
Foss, Carrie B. 211
Foster, Abigail 57, 72
Annie B. 97
Charles W. 84
Hannah R. 213
Mary P. 79
Olive A. 66
Parker 65, 68
William D. 213
Foye, Adaliue M. 89
Freeman, Almira 68
Olive E. 73
Frisbee, John 61, Mary 86
Oliver L. 2, 27
57. * l6
Char.es 29, 4
*r Nathaniel 55,
Fnrber, Nicholas P.
Isaac 70, Jane 61, 69
i, Charles B.
Gammon, Mabel G
Sarah C. 69 S
Garland, Abigail 38
Mary A. 214
WinsIowO. 85 214
Garrison, Emery 138
Hammond 137 146
Garvin, Paul 71
Gayting Elizabeth F. 214
Gee, Henry, Ralph 208
Gentliuer, Eliza O. 94
George A. 94
George, Abigail P. . 102
Lena V. 104
Gerry, Elbridge ma
James H. 84
Gerrish, Benjamin 216
John, Mary 75
Gibbons, Ambrose 5, 134
157, 199, 20S
Gibson, John 107
Gilbert, Humphrey 194
Gilman, Elisha, Laura 61
Gilmanton, N. H. 1 1
Gloucester 119, 219
Goddard, John 208
Godell, N. C. 205
Godfrey, Edward 124a
GofL Ellery L. 122
Goodwin, — 31
Abigail 58, 74, 75
Abigail A. 212
Goodwin, continued, — *
Addie W. 96
Asa 70, Betsey 61
Caroline A. 113
Charles C. 78
Daniel 34, 70, 88
Elma J. 97
Gertie H: 96
Hannah K. S3
Jeremiah L. 62
Jeremiah P. 84, 90
Margaret 38, 73
Mark F. 78
Mary A. 78
Mary E. 64
Mary H. 212
Mary L. 92
Moses 30, 38, 73 77
Moses E. 30, 92
Nathan L. 71
Nathan'l 69, 113
Nellie A. 91
Susan A. 85
Martha A. 79
Goodsoe, Margery 212
Ooodsoe, Martha A.
Great Falls 79, 82
4, 40, 123a, 1
Great Works 9,
John . 128,
Gould, Abigail 74,
Greenacre 32a, 3S
Greenland 46, 93,
Go wen, Asa 70, Ma
Grace, Sarah E.
Grant, Esther E.
Oliver R. 7
r 7 8
uptill, Annie J.
Cray, Sargent S.
Guptill continued :
Hammond continued ;
Hale, Edward E.
I3L 136, 137, 147
Hall, George T. L.
Ham, Alberta N.
Sally 62, 215
47.- 6 4
Hampton 47, 132a, 1
Ann 62, A
Elizabeth 64, 6S 66
Nath'l 59, 6
1 62 79
Sarah A. 66
Harriet C. Si,
Thomas 55a 57 112
William 62 66 7182
John R. 66,
Hardison, Dorcas J.
, Henry W.
74. io 7
Harrington, George W. 215
Sarah E. 215
Hasieton, Clarissa J. 87
Hasty, Hannah 55
Hastings, Horace L. 42
Hatch, Alvra 107
Myrick L. 90
Haven, Charlotte M. 207
Eliza A. 207
Hawes, Josiah F. 67
Hawthorne, William 125a
Hayes, Joseph W. 211
Olivia E. 211
Hazlett, Charles A. 27, 121
Heard, James 150
John, 123, 136, 139
144, 146, 150
Hendrick, James 79
Henry VIII 195
Hendry, Robert 77
Hersum, Mary 77
Hervel, Sally 59
Heskins, Nicholas 55, 112
Hibbard, Jennie S. 96
Hill, Albert L. 43
Asa A. 73
Betsey D. 62
Charles C. 95
Daniel A. 83
John 34 40
John R. 61
Lizzie J. 93
Lizzie R. 96
Martha E. 72
Mat tie A.
Hilliard, Pamelia S. 80
Hilton, Edward 160a
William 140, 148
Hitchins, Priscilla 102
Hobbs, J. W. 27
William L. 96
Hobby, Charles 201
Hodges, Lydia 101
Hodgdon, David L. 85
Frank P. 96
Mary E. 95
Sarah L. 93
Hodgkins, Elizabeth ior
Hodsdon, Alice 116
Hoey, Clara L. 104
Ruth E. 103
Hole, Elizabeth 9a
Holmes, Ellen P.
Indians 3a, 18, 28,
Hooper, Josiah 78,
^34. 136, i37> 139.
142, 144, 149, 150
169a, 194, 2
Ireland, George E.
Houghfon, Charles H.
Isham, Harriet N.
Hoyt, Cynthia H.
Isles of Scotland
Hull, Joan 133, Jose]
Isles of Shoals 120,
Huntress, Betsey W.
. William 79, 213
Thomas M. 1, 26
Hugh 208, S
Jellison, Sarah M.
Jenkins, Eunice K.
Jenness, John S.
Johnson, Carrie E.
Johnston, James J.
Jelley, Mary A.
. Harriette E.
i, Abigail . 62
a, Henry 40, 199, 20S
Junkins, Alexander 46, 10S
Ann M. 78
Elizabeth L. 46 10S
Laura A. 97
Lizzie J. 93
Mary L. 98
Victor P. 93
William 0. 9$
g, Miranda 59
Elizabeth J. 79
Keinear, Lydia A. 80
, Sarah 140
1, Richard 48
rd, Benjamin 32
Elizabeth 68, 84
Ella M. 94
Ellen A. 213
Emily F. 86, 214
Frank E. 94
Joseph F. 213
Lizzie M. 91, 214
Lydia 58, 66
Mary 58, S 7
William L. 68
43, 47, 78, 219
y, Hannah ' 64
Joshua W 64
Knight, continued :
Thomas, 56, 64,
Eugene W i
Knowlton, Addie W.
Kimball, Benj. P. M
King, Albert J.
Laconia J 59a,
James 157, 197a
Lamson, Albert H.
Kitigston, N. H.
Kitterage, Sarah C.
Lang, Charles H.
Knight, Abbie M.
Langton, Carrie L.
Lapham, John B. 95,
Mary A. 66,
Larribee, Oriville L-
Lawrence, 96, 97
Leach, Ada S.
Leach , contiyi tied ;
George 9, 1
Lebanon 61, 67, 98, 102a
Lee, N. H.
. 35, 216
Legislature 4a, 20,
Leighton, 29, 30. 3*>
Libbey, continued :
Lovett, Jeremiah, Sally
Lovell, Mary A.
Linscot. Mary C
John 64, 77, 8c
Little, George M,
Littlefield, John L.
Lunt, Abram R. 1
Mary M. .
London, 9, 31, 40,
Lyman, Maine, 18
Lynn, Henry, Sarah
9, 54, -8o, 102,
T *? f
Elvira J. '
Macomber, Horatio N.
Madbury, N. H.
Maddox, Martha A.
Maffitt, John N.
Maine, 20, 2S, 119a, 137
Maiden, 85, 94
Mandal, William H.
Manges, Eliza B.
Manning, Joseph R.
Eliza J. 33,
Manson, continued :
March, Guy G.
Marshall, W. F.
Martin, Anna T.
Martha ■ 65
Mary A. 84
Mason, Ann 181, 193
Dorothy . 192
John 4, 8, 119, 113a
145, 157a, 192a
Masonia 161, 205
Massachusetts 4, 40, 53,
Massure, Francis 74, 75, 107
Mathes, Ellen T. ^ 212
John H. 212
Mattone, Hubert 128, 148a
. Robert 17
Matthews, Francis 208
Maverick, Amias 174
Antipas 128, 135
Samuel 145, 174
McDermot Julia 103
McDoaald, Annie 98
McDuffee, Dorcas J. 212
Mclntire, Clarissa jX\ 84
McKay, Donald 219
McKenney, E. H. 110a
McKindey, Annie B. 27
Walter D 122
Medcalf, Alfred 60
Meloon, Henry, Mary 63
Mendum, Hannah 216
128a, 136, 140
Mercer, Francis n
Meriden, N. H. 81
Merrill, Anna 219
Hannah, John 57
William 6, 213
Merrow, David VV.
John M. 1 a,
Meserve, Mary H.
Josiah, Samuel 12
Moultou, Adaline S.
Miles, Harriet A.
Murphy, Fidelia S.
Militia 4, 38, 139
, 142, 147
Mill, Great Works
Miller, Bridget, Jo
Mitchell, H. B.
6 7> 77
■ 74» 78
*45 ; 149
Monnette, Orra E.
Moore, Alice J.
2a, 27, 121
Yard 44, 54, 8]
Morgan, Eliza A.
Francis, Sarah 140
New York 2a, 29, 32,
1, 64. 76
Newell, Eary A.
Neil, Hannah J.
Norris, Lillian G.
Northwood, 77, 88,
North Berwick 47,
Newbegin, Olive A
Nowell, Albert W.
Newbury 50, 122,
Newfields, N. H.
Newiugton, N. H. 60, 72,
78. 79, 90,
2i5 a -
Newichawannock 28a 28347
Odiorne, Abba V.
Newport. R. I.
Newcastle 5a, 17, 61, 63, 65
New' England, 22,
New Hampshire 7,
i 194. 207
O'Neil, Lettie M.
Jane 74, Jennie S. 96
John 86, Jose
Love 57, Li
■ Mary 61, 63,
eh, George T.
Patterson, H. F. A.
I. Abigail 63, 66,
Pamelia 61, Sally 58
Abigail T. 74
Sarah A. 65
, 91. 215
Sarah J. 72
, 93, 106
William J. 7
f, 75. 85
Daniel 120, 1
Payne, George M.
Dorcas 58 Dru
Pearson, E. W.
Pendexter, David P.
Pendleton, Brian 1
Ella B. 97 EIlaM.
Frank J. 63 Fred L
Perry, John J.
Ira 60, Ira S
Pettigrow, Abby M. 84
Lucy A. 89
Nancy 59, 62
Susan A. 85
Pettingall, Miriam 102
Peverly, Jane 9
Phiibrook, Eliza J. 81
Phillips, Isaac D. 210
Phyllis' Notch 182
Phillipsburg 57, Phipps 5
Pickering, Elizabeth A. 71
Fred E. 211
Mary A. 67, 211
Mary G. 60
Pierce, Adaline 77
Daniel 108, 216
Mary J. 108
Simeon W. 107
Pierpont, Dr. 32
Pike, John 220
Piper, Mary C. 67
Pinder, Mary A. 220
Pirach, Bertha M. 94
Fred W. 82
Piscataqua 1a, 4, 6a, 23a,
47, 119a 123, 132
157, 161a, 198
Place, Alvin W. 95
Carrie E. 95
Martha A. 88, 214
Mary E. 90
Plaisted, Ebenezer 85
Mary A. 21 1
Roger 146, 147
Plummer, John 14a, 216
Lydia 14a, 216
Plymouth, 101, 122 123a 157
Plymouth, Eng. 163a
Point, Birch 140, 146
Dover 119, 157a
Hilton's 119, 157a
Kittery, 2, 27, 28, 115
138, 140, 141
148, 159a 211
Odiorne's 119, 157a
- Pipe Stave 145, 149
Warehouse 132, iSz
Pomeroy, Leonard 167a
Pond, North Mill 14
Pond, Milton 158
Pope. Alexander 45
Franklin L. 53
Porter, Ernest A. 107
Porter, Maine, 116, 213
Portland 59, 73, 85
Portsmouth 8a, 13, 24a, 32a
, 59* 60
» 78, 79
, 85, 86
i49 r 5i
Post, Marshall W
Potter, Frank C.
Powers, Mary E.
Prime, Emily F.
Puritans, 8, ior, 123
Quakers 4, 137, 144, 1
Quint, Clarissa A.
Raymond, N. H.
Racley, Agnes, William :r
Annie L. M.
\ . J ?>
G i 1 m a n
Isaac 17, 58
Isabel F. 94
James A. D. 90, 95
John 116, 212
John M. 87
John W. 88
Josephine E. 93
Linville S. 96
Lydia H. 85
Mary 58, 64, 75
Mary A. 8o, 88,
Mary E. 86
Mary J. 64
Mary W. 59
Nettie C. 96
Oliver P. 2a, 26, 121
Rebecca H. 6y
Richard J. 94
Sally S. 60
Samuel A. '89, 213
Statira M. 61
63, 78, 109
William 61, 72
Renshaw, Lois B. 93
Revolution 6, 15, 116
Rhodes, Albert E. 27
Rice, John 73, 74, 107
Thomas 128, 142
Ricker, Mary 117, Ruth 214
Rideout, Abbie 103
Franklin D. 103
Franklin S. 103
Rider, Anna M. C. 121
Riley, Anna M. C. 27
Ripley, Sarah 60
Risworth, Edward 124
River, Androscogin , 142
Fore J 79 a
Great Ouse 195
Kennebec 123, 142
Merrimac 124, 158a
47. i59 a » 199
Piscataqua 3a, 23, 28
56, 123a, 141 158a
Sagadahoc 47, 159
St. Lawrence 189a
Road, Cedar 139, 146
River 28, 138
Roberts, Anna 36, 91
Robinson, Ezekiel 107
Rochester, N. H. 14a
Saco 22, 40, 46, 63,
131, 134a, 144,
Salem, 52a, 83, 92, 94, 102
117, 122, 215
Salmon Falls 114, j
Safford, Moses A. ia, 22, 26
James K. P. 97
John 68, 76, 83,
John H. 7c
Scales, John 2a,
Scammon, Eiiot F.
William D. M.
Rollins, Daniel L.
Rounds, Ellen S.
Rowe, Ellen E.
Scarboro 40, 48, 77,
Rawles, " Sagamore,"
Roxbury, Mass. 2;
7 » 77
Rue. Mary A.
Rugg, Alvah N.
Rye, N. H. 66,
James 34, 61, 66, 69
James M. 86
James W. 61
Seavey, Annie K.
Jeremiah P. 212
John 54 107 114 147
Levi J. 61, 71, 212
Martha E. 212
Martha J, 69
Lucy 64, Sa
Mary 17, 59, 61, 63
William £20, 208
Mary A. 71, S2
Mary E. 88, 90, 96
Mary J. 80
Morris G. 89
Emma E F.
Nettie H. 211
Nicholas 4, '30, 55,
114, 124a, 132
135, i39» Hi 150
Olive J. 80
Richard 58, 61
120, 139 1
Richard H. 82
Roscoe G. 90
Sally R. 7 r
Samuel 34, 90
Samuel C. 86
Sarah 60, 64, 147
Sarah A. 80
Elisha 30a 3334:41
Statira M. 61
Shapleigh, Maine 141
i, Samuel 189
Henrietta F. 97
Justin W. 27
Isa 96, Ivor>
Sherive, Caroline 60
-rburne, Benjamin 70
ps, &c: —
Annie L. J.
Bon Homme Richard 6
Fitz E. Rigg
Sinclair, Mary J.
Sise, F. M.
William Bobson 219
William & Francis 132
, 38, 142
I Shorty, Isaiah
John 40, 69
I Sias, Gertrude
Snow, Hester A.
Society, Mass. Hist.
Somersworth, N. H,
66, 63, 69, 70
82, 83, 84, 85
South Berwick 31, 47
3*> 47, 61
95, 96, Il6, I20,
South Portland 218
Spalding, Justin 66, 67;
128, 133, 143,
93. 21 r
' Charles P
i 72, 90
, 86, 109
Spinney continued :
Thomas 128, 143a
Stackpole, Elizabeth F. 90
Stacy, Ada A.
117, 2I 3
77. ll 7
Stacy continued: —
Stan wood, J. R.
Peter 133, 140
57. 64, 68
Staples continued ;
Stearns, George E.
Sterling. Nettie H.
Stevens, George M.
Stevenson, Arthur W.
Stielman, Elias, Lucy
Stimson, Charles \V.
Stoeker. Alfred A. 27,
Stoodley, Edward D.
Strafford, N H. 1,
Stratham, N. H.
Strong, Frank R.
Strout, Geo. D. Silas P. 107
Sullivan, John 6
Sunday, "Capt." 31
I3> 27, 92
Swett, Mary P. P.
Sylvester, A. R.
Tarlton, Fannie A. C.
Taunton, 22, 101,
Tetherly, Addie L.
Mary R. 14
Thompson continued ;
. Sophia E.
Trickey, Annie E.
Thorpe, J. G.
Tripp, Lizzie M.
Tibbetts, Charles W.
True, John W.
Tuck, Josiah, Margery
Tobey, Abbie }%.
' Ellen A.
Tuttle, Charles W. 3
Stephen H. 83,
Todd, John F.
Towie, Fannie M.
Towne, Cora B.
Trafton, A. C.
Trask, James H.
Treadwell, Samuel P.
Valley Springs, Cal.
Varney, Abigail T.
Warner, N. H.
Lucy 75, Ma
Phebe 69, Sa
45 > 94
Vincent, Horace D.
Leonard 77 117
Vines, Gov. 1
Vinton, Horace H.
Virginia 40, 194a
Webber, Eliza J.
Walker, Charles Z.
Glenwood M. 103
Annie L. M.
Welch , — co n tin ucd ;
Whitney, Ellen D.
Wells, Maine, 40, 66
Wilkins, George R.
Wescott, Charles M.
Charles A. R.
Westmoreland, N. H.
10 1 a
Westminster. lyng. 205
William 1, 18,
Willis ;— continued :
John L. M. 2,
Lemuel M. 80,
Woodman, James S.
Wincoll, John, 128a
Woodbury, Charles L,
Young, John W.
117 Wood worth, Emma
104 54, 120a
York, James H.
192a York Co. 31a, 46, 129, 134
142, 143,148, 212a
York, 20, 46, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 63, 66, 67, 69, 70
7*> 72, 73> 74» 75'78. 83, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 93
94, 96, 98, 141, 182.